Contemporary Christian propaganda announced Cossacks "bulwark of the Christian faith." "Soldiers of Christ" — the Cossacks, perhaps, and many do not know, and indeed the majority of the Russian people deceived about the true relation of the Cossacks to the Church for many centuries. Let's try to analyze the basis of historical truth as it was.
In the church do not go,
wedding and drive round the birch,
as told to old customs … "
from the instructions of Stepan Razin
Rod Cossack roots are very long and more than one thousand years. Falsifiers of Russian history deliberately taught us to celebrate the "Millennium of Russia", although the history of our homeland has thousands and thousands of years, and the beautiful, rich city rusichej were known throughout the near and far abroad long before the Baptism of Russia, with whom and link the emergence of statehood, writing, culture, and most of Russia, these cynical provocateurs or profane from history.
History of the Cossacks also skillfully misinterpret many facts ignored. Nerusi that Pokhabov Pokhabov and still our history, strongly introduce the idea that the Cossacks were runaway slaves (!) That converged on the outskirts of Russia's gang and looting yes robberies. We prove the converse. Kuban, Don, Penza, Terek Cossacks, who live in the vast territory of the Don and Taman to the foothills of the Caucasus — it was not necessary, and the indigenous people of this land. In ethnogenesis Russian Cossacks initially participated Scythian (Proto) tribes, partly in the formation of this subetnosa also participated related Aryan peoples, in particular — and even Alan White Turkic peoples — Kipchaks, Volga Bulgars, Berend, Torquay, black hoods, in many Russified centuries of living together with the Slavs.
Ancestors of the modern Cossacks, which ancient authors point under the names: "hide", "Cherkasy", "helmet", "geta", its a free way of living, by its laws for thousands of years. Libertines Cossack, Cossack Spirit Cossack brotherhood was attractive for neighboring nations, who willingly native with the Cossacks and were under the protection of the ancient Cossack republics.
Especially in the old days, when neither Christianity nor Islam is divided kindred peoples to "God's chosen", "orthodox", "Orthodox." In Cossack environment was normal tolerance, especially as all the people confessed their Father's Mother Nature cults (later Christians in ancient Aryan cults to label "rotten pagan"). Cossacks were no exception. Along with the soldiers of the Great Sviatoslav Cossacks took part in the defeat of the Khazar Khaganate and destruction of Christian churches and Jewish synagogues.
Arab and Persian chroniclers often write about the Cossacks and the Rus, who raided the Persian possession and describing the customs and manners of the Cossack-type tribe, write about them as a sun-worshiper.
After the baptism of Russia in all its outskirts has for centuries remained committed Praschurovoy Ancient Faith — so up until the reign of Alexei Romanov, the father of Peter the Great, the residents of the Vyatka region and the Russian North were of Slavic Faith.
Lands of modern Don and Kuban Cossacks were a part of old Tmutarakanskogo principality, with the princes of the Christian is not an attempt on the customs and beliefs of half-Russian Cossack population, cut off from the main Russian lands Wild Field inhabited by nomadic Turkic tribes, the way the pagan tengriantsami (nebopoklonnikami). Russia defended the outskirts of heroes, which in the Russian folk epic called Cossacks: "… thank the young Cossack Ilya Muromets …" It's only later he was elevated to the "Christian saints", and after Ilya Muromets was not a Christian, and even the church in Kiev domes posshibat mace. And famous Slavic warriors-border Usyn Dobrynya and Gorynya who lived long before the "baptism" of which Russia and the folk tradition and is considered the first of the famous founder of Russian Cossacks? ..
It is among the Cossacks caught on a kind of "heresy" as wrote about priests: not only the Old Believers and supporters Drevnepravoslavnoy church found refuge among the Cossacks. Cossack on the ground intensified opposition to the established church in the form of such flows as "bespopovstvo" (!), Where all the mysteries of committed lay people themselves, without "intermediaries"-priests communicating with God, "netovskoe agreement" that does not recognize the building of churches and the roots of drifting to native Slavic-Russian paganism.
But most of all, stop attention to the faith "dyrnikov" — Cossacks, living on Yaik and prialtayskih steppes. "Dyrnikami" Cossacks Tengrian (nebopoklonnikov) so called because they were cutting holes in the roofs of houses, so that even in inclement weather, you can pray at home, but looking at the sky. The most valuable testimony left us Deacon Jane Smith, who lived in the second half of the seventeenth century: "… many villagers, their tenacious on villages, worship the sun-god, where they do not get the cross …" Other evidence from 1860, the case of Basil Zheltovsky, who was convicted for something that does not go to an Orthodox church, and the cross, looking up at the sky and said, "Our God is in heaven and on earth is no God."
It should be added that the cross was venerated in Russia long before the "baptism" (we recognize the cross, but do not recognize Christ) and it was the equilateral cross, runic cross or was said to the priests, "Pohansko kryzh" (pagan cross), and the symbol of Christians — do not cross, and the crucifixion, the instrument of execution! And prisoners Slavs Khazars crucified for the crucifixion in the ancient rusichej always been a symbol of death, executions and chelovekonenavisnichestva.
State and Church bitterly persecuted any freethinking and attacks on the foundations of the Orthodox faith — the main instrument for the enslavement of the people. "Heresy" (and in this form may manifest rejection of cynicism and falsehood of Christianity) was brutally suppressed, people fled to the remotest parts of the country, but here they were pursued punitive and supporters of "people of faith" were burned, as was the custom everywhere and at all centuries of Christian inquisitors. Did not spare even children. With fire and blood be spread Christianity in Russia, with fire and blood is passed through the cities and villages of Russia and in the days that I would like to draw attention to a greater degree …
A little more than half a century after the uprising Ivan Bolotnikov, which the Church cursed and anathematized for the fact that he led an uprising of the people and destroy the hated palaces and temples. (By the way people's leader was betrayed and captured and executed the royal slaves after brutal torture. Last thing he said to the executioners were the following: "To hell fail, apostate."). Christian Orthodox Church split into the Old Believers and novoobryadcheskoy, with blazing fires to burn "in the name of the Lord" heretics. The people looked with hatred upon the lords, and waited public protector. And he came. And he came out, where have lived and will live forever-loving Slavic spirit!
Stepan Razin was born in the village of Zimoveyskoy on Don. His father, Timothy Razin, a child taught his son: "Take care of the honor of the Cossack youth. Cap before the strong not the STI, but a friend in trouble will not come on. "I saw the young Cossack who and what life is like in Russia, and were close to him many thousands of Slavic folk foundations and not for nothing he liked used to say:" I am for a Russia: neither poor nor the rich. Is equal to one one! ".
One of the researchers life Ataman Razin said: "As you know the Cossacks did not differ piety …" These words were accompanied by a description of one of the first appearances of a young Cossack leader on the historical scene: Razin Cossack outlaws without a fight took Yaitsky town. Not being able to take a small party town, Razin and comrades stripped two dozen monks and pilgrims, in spite of all their entreaties, and Monash robes entered the city … In 1670 Stepan Razin rebelled. His troops are not only the Cossacks, but runaway slaves, peasants, miners, Bashkirs, Tatars, Mordovians, other destitute folk. And burned a large part of the Russian state seigniorial manors and churches. Razin sends all the surrounding areas their "lovely letter", which gives people "the old liberties" and promised equality and justice.
From the first months of the uprising Church on the side of the ruling class and calls to violence against "a blasphemer and a thief" Stenka Razin.
Assault … Astrakhan. From the city walls daily Metropolitan Joseph curses the rebels' thieves and wicked thing bogomerzkih perpetrate. " After razintsev broke into the fortress, the Metropolitan takes the remaining soldiers in one of the temples, converted into a fortress, and the governor Prozorovsky says: "In the holy place, they do not stick." Razintsev stormed and destroyed the temple, and overthrew the governor from the belfry. Setting in its own order, Razin told clerks deacon of the House to bring all the scrolls and burned, and the people was announced: "All of you will, the people of Astrakhan. Stand for freedom, for our great cause! "Stronghold of resistance Razin Astrakhan became Metropolitan Joseph, secretly, to send the letter with information about the rebels, and in sowing confusion and slalom blasphemy against Razin and all (!) People of Astrakhan, who supported the chieftain and his mates. The chronicle of the events of a contemporary AP Zolotarev, "The Legend of the city of Astrakhan and Astrakhan suffering Metropolitan Joseph" stated that "Joseph, Metropolitan of Astrakhan threatened with punishment of the air, his anger, cursing the archangels …"
Confrontation of Joseph and his machinations against the rebels continued during the subsequent occupation of the city associate Razin Basil mustache. Mustache first companions Razin introduced them occupied in a civil marriage. (!) Although the church and were not closed, the marriages he countersigned the city seal on the paper, which were symbols of the sword and crown. The discontent of churchmen intensified, and Metropolitan has once again started to be active subversion. Cossacks saw it and demanded chieftain Usa execute dastardly Metropolitan.
The cup overflowed the news that the Metropolitan of the Cossacks and the lists of citizens who are on the side of Razin for transmission lists government forces. Joseph spoke to the Cossacks with speech, where he called them "heretics and apostates" and threatened with death if they did not surrender to the mercy of the troops of the king. Cossacks gathered a circle and made a decision: "All the confusion and trouble Stalling from the Metropolitan." They took charge of lying and metropolitan change, and then executed him. On the same day all over the city were pogroms homes of the rich and the clergy.
Interesting evidence of preserved stay Razin conquered Tsaritsyn. Razin approached by a young guy Agey Eroshka and asked for help: priests rejected his wedding, for arhirey ordered to refuse to marry those who have met and helped Razin. All local priests harbor. Razin ordered: "Popov — on the rack! For beard vzdernu. Adverse seed. "But then calmed down and told the guy," To hell dolgogrivyh! Wedding took place in the Cossack: a wedding in the wild. Under the sky, under the sun. "
At the wedding, let the cup of wine and beer deosil — in a circle, as has been done for thousands of years! So I remember the Cossacks ancient customs of their ancestors! The ceremony was in honor of the young Razin raised to the sky few drinks the cup: "Let Free Will. Let happiness to anyone. For the vastness of our freestyle Russia! "And he commanded the priests to continue not to listen, and to marry his young Chieftain named:" Weddings — not of God, and the human cause. Let not the priests and the people here are repairing the court. "
In the historical records are preserved and others for certain words chieftain: "… do not go to church, and the wedding drive round the birch, as told to old customs …"
One of the companions of Razin's daughter. Turned to his Cossack chieftain that the name of the daughter to take. Razin said: "Will, little will." Cossacks began to doubt that there is no such name in the calendar, this they chieftain defiantly replied: "So what. We inscribe the name! "
Relation to the Cossacks' dolgogrivym "hypocrisy and the genuine ancient faith (which in their perception of the world represent the combination of the Slavic Faith with Orthodox Christianity) seen in other moments, when Razin told two young Cossacks are literate in pop-unfrocked those vzroptali:" Why no purpose to torment? That we-old priest of the tribe? "
When the army was Razin grandmother witch that one word can inspire a military feat chickened fighter or cowardly person. When the assault Simbirsk young warrior sat all day in the bush, saying: "Mother of God, Queen of Heaven …" Mother of God did not help, so the whole fight and missed. But cost-witch grandmother cherished word to say and then went to the heroes guy: the first on the walls got. Perhaps it is a legend, national fiction that always surrounds such significant figure Razin. But it is worth recalling that the very thought of his fellow Razin magician.
In the Cossack traditions witchcraft (koldolstvo, magic) — an integral gift of distinguishing Razin from other people's heroes, "Pugachev with Ermak were great warriors and Stenka Razin and was a great warrior and a wizard, so, perhaps, and more than a warrior …" People rumor for a long time after the death of Rasin mused about his miraculous escape, and his service to the people already in the gang Ermak. Yes Razin and really stayed alive — in the heart of the national …
Sorceress and was considered one of the bravest Associates — bayou Alain governor Arzamas peasants Russian Joan of Arc. This plucky Russian woman, a simple peasant led the struggle for the common people will and justice. In her childhood, villagers with pitchforks drove from their land greedy monks who tried to capture the common land. She knew firsthand about the hypocrisy and filth monastic morals. Alain was witch-zeleynitsey ie healer: it heal with herbs and incantations, and priests usually declare such people "witch" (although the "witch" previously meant "Veda", "knowing" a woman).
In his "lovely letters" Alain called Nevers priests who prophesied that serfdom "approved by Scripture and pleasing to God." When knights troops captured Alain, they declared her a witch, and after fierce tortures executed so beloved by the Christian Inquisition penalty: burned alive at the stake (think Joan of Arc!).
Folk tales of Razin and his associates, the songs were stories were filled ancestral Slavic spirit. In contrast to his state and church records were hostile to the rebellious nature of the common people, were filled with religious and mystical spirit, sought to justify ideological victory over the Cossack army, and by the people.
Survived two characteristic historical documents of the period, describing the events look clergy — the reaction of the Russian society. In "Legend of the invasion of the Monastery of St. Macarius of our father, the former from the thieves and traitors thieves Cossacks" and "Tales of the miracles of the icon of Our Lady of Tikhvin in Tsivilsk" Cossacks declared support "stealing and blasphemy."
Spassov Monastery Archimandrite testified in monastic annals: "… they came (ie Cossacks — auth.) In Spas monastery and all forts and charters, but debt write to fight, to assert his peasant truth …" Now, therefore, in What's the matter? Monastery and Church were major owners: they owned large tracts land, forests, waters, millions of serfs. In his Gramat Razin bestowed by the will of the peasants and promised them the land, its slogan (and later will have similar Pugacheva) was: "Earth. Will. The truth. "
In unison with the church appeals to the Tsar and everywhere emphasized not only the "robbery" top insurgent people, but the "apostasy", "Last year at the Don Cossacks traitors thieves yes Frolka Stenka Razin tovaryschi her, forgetting the Christian faith, the great emperor changed … "the Tsar from the first day uprising declared him of apostasy and of one of the arguments appeared, that he introduced civil unions instead of the church ceremony and led Suite" around the tree "- willow or birch.
In official documents, written heavy, bureaucratic language, often incomprehensible to those to whom it was addressed (in contrast to the "lovely letters" of the rebels, to write simple, bright, clear language), Razin was declared as a "servant of the devil" and "any breeder of evil. " And then, when Razin was treacherously captured, brutally tortured, and sentenced to the most cruel punishment, "Execute an evil death: and quartered."