All ancient societies had clearly demarcated caste division. Ukrainian spiritual community in ancient times had the same status as that in India, the Brahmans, the priests, the representatives of the highest caste.
In Ukraine, there are several names to refer to people who were involved in religious ritual: the wise men, priests, wizards, and sorcerers, diviners, nymphs, witches. Clearly, all of these nicknames are concerned people with different functional responsibilities. The Ukrainian Rusich, like all Slavs, there was a kind of hierarchy of priests: each village or tribe had a sorcerer. Stood at the head of the supreme magician or priest, who was close to the prince. Probably all important matters were decided in the principality on princely council, which was attended by distinguished obzatelno Magi.
There were women volhvini: occasionally found in the folklore of the name of the Magi (feminine of the sorcerer). Women who could heal, cast spells, to predict the future (ie, "to create" miracles), called potvorinyami, potvornitsa. Negative connotations that word has acquired only after Christianization, and then came to mean a nasty creature altogether.
How wise men looked on little known. Mentioned already known portrait with Bush Mirobog temple and some images of the Magi in the chronicles. For example, in the Radziwill Chronicle under the year 1071 placed miniature — the image of the Magi to a long-skirted white dress with wide sleeves, patterned front zip around with wide hood (probably a hood). What is this outfit, it is difficult to establish, although it can be assumed that the Old Slavic word kob (divination by aerial) is connected with long-time hood named Koba, perhaps Ukrainian name clothing coat, which later came to mean cloak with a hood, but without sleeves .
Common in Kievan Rus sustugi (archaeologists call them brooches — buckles with buckles) were not only jewelry, but also charms. Archaeologists also found a variety of charms, lockets, various jewelry, which have traditional Ukrainian symbols recognized by scientists as "pagan." It is difficult to find the meaning that has invested in their characters the author, Old Master. Knowledge poteryany.Odnako Ukrainian art and the adoption of the Christian faith for quite some time feeds from the inexhaustible source of native faith, symbolism which was clear by the first Christians, but later generations have used it only for aesthetic preferences, because it drew its mystery, deep relationship.
Functions of the spiritual class were extremely diverse, as in almost all spheres of life, people's advice and sought the help of the wise men, sorcerers and witches. Priests, sacrifices, rituals of worship and closely monitored to ensure that waste by centuries of rituals were performed according to the rules. They were the stewards at all ceremonial games, worship, sacrifices, feasts. Magi-astronomers sky, to determine and establish the time of prayer, sowing, harvesting ipahoty. Among them were some people who had a great magical power, so that they are able to influence the weather. Magi, who had this? Supernatural force, very much appreciated by the people. In some places they were called oblakogonitelyami, ie those who were able to help with some magic spells and ritual actions to make it rain or stop the storm.
Certainly, the wise men were created written sacred texts that have been ruthlessly destroyed. But, if the records are not kept close, the tools used to write such texts, there were a lot — it wrote metal (sticks with curved pointed end, or with a handle in the form of wild animals, places, ornamental stitches) bone sticks. There is increasing evidence proving the existence of literature in Kievan Russia long before the mission of Cyril and Methodius. Veles book also tells of the existence of Slavic Literature: "They (the Greeks) showed us his writings that we have taken, and lost his memory. Here was the Illario (perhaps illiriets), who wanted to teach our children, we had to hide in the homes of those to be illiterate, to teach our writing and our Gods rule needs. " Thus, we can say with confidence that the Magi were also the first chroniclers. This is indicated by studies of linguists and historians, who found in Christian chronicles the ancient records that have been made to the pagan lists (for example, the hypothesis of the Chronicle of Michael Braychevskogo Askold).
Original result, we can say that the Magi — spiritual guide and founder of mysteries, keeper of spiritual wisdom. He is responsible for the souls of the faithful, inspired ceremony blesses people's feelings. Priest kindles and maintains fire, sacrifices, that is responsible for the organizational part of the rite. Embodies the spirit of the sorcerer and priest — force. Magus — the carrier of spiritual knowledge, the priest — practical skills. Magus comes from the gods, as a messenger of the Spirit, and the priest holds sacred traditions, performing rituals.
These words reveal the nature and purpose of the wise men and priests.