The Kremlin made a bid in Chechnya unpopular politicians — a father and son on the Kadyrov instead Alhanov or Khasbulatova. Chechnya itself is split into two camps — little more than half in favor of an alliance with Russia, others — for the armed struggle against it. And this knowledge of the country at the 2005-th — later in the social research Chechnya, Well, in the Caucasus ended.
Surprisingly, even in the years of independent Ichkeria, and later during the war in the country did not stop there sociological research. With all of this in the presence of the then Chechnya multiple centers of power and warring clans provide such studies veracity of: obtaining false stats here would be triggered in the opposite camp, regular perturbation.
Number of social scientists then showed one unusual pattern: the Kremlin obsessively relied on in Chechnya is not the most of favorite people.
Thus, the poll of most of favorite politicians of Ichkeria in 1999 gave these numbers: President Aslan Maskhadov has received about 25% of the vote — 4 times more than the leaders of the opposition Shura. Among politicians, trust the citizens of Ichkeria also included Chairman of the Parliament R.Alihadzhiev -14.7%; Deputy Prime Minister Akhmed Zakayev — 13.8%, the Mufti of Ichkeria A-H.Kadyrov -10.6%; Brigadier General H.Gelaev — 8.5%; Brigadier General Shamil Basayev — 6.0%; Vice Premier T.-A.Atgeriev 5.5% last vice-premier M.Udugov — 5.4%.
As we litsezreem, Akhmad Kadyrov, who end up a bit later and headed the latest, again which was a part of, Chechnya, there was only the 4th popularity, losing 2.5 times Maskhadov and almost 40% — Alikhadzhiyeva. Rate of federal power mow of favorite politicians as annoying though it may sound.
But even in 2005 the representatives of the Kadyrov clan significantly inferior to the popularity of other Chechen politicians:
Another question on relations with Russia. Opinion poll conducted in 2003, it took only three years after the punitive operation of the federal troops, and, of course, it had to impose a mark on the attitude of the Chechens to the federal center. But here's the amazing results:
"If the referendum question was: "Chechnya should be part of RF or not? ", what would you say?"
Almost 66% of the inhabitants of Chechnya linked the future of their own republic with Russia. The greatest number of adherents of finding Chechnya RF (71%) — in the middle of the older age group, fewer (61%) — in the middle of youth.
Expressions of Chechens why they should be part of, were approximately the:
"We all know that there is hatred, but from working. We are now without Russia does not rise, we do not recover, we will need a god how many years. Unassisted RF Chechnya will not be able to exist. The geographical location is not allowed, well, simple nail at the moment we can not do for yourself. "
With all of this the majority of Chechens openly stated that their armed struggle against the Russian Federation will last (2003 year)
If in Chechnya in the first half of the decade, social scientists today can make at least some measurements, the Dagestan has always been for them a "black hole." Here is a description of scientists in 2006, the difficulties they faced in this country:
"In some villages due to the prohibitive policy had to conduct a survey," snowball ", ie the desired quota respondents almost summoned the head of the Administration, where he discussed with the interviewer in separate rooms. In particular, it is difficult to survey took place in the so-called "Sharia villages", where the strong position of Muslim spiritual favorites and where there is a de facto "Sharia republic."
The survey in these villages was held under the supervision of local imams and ladies were asked only in the presence of boys, with all this, the interviewers noted that women, especially young, very shy about answering questions.
The interviewers reported that some respondents who first claimed his education as "higher", replied that finished 8-9 to university classes. Because we asked the interviewers still find out and fix the real education of study participants'
Last time something more or less similar to the poll conducted in the Caucasus in 2009, in Chechnya. The study done by a local firm "Poll-media", so the results can just foresee yourself.
Respondents were asked four questions with a few variations of answers: How do you assess the work of Chechen president in 2008 year? What is best properties was characterized Ramzan Kadyrov as head of the republic? The most significant achievement of President Ramzan Kadyrov in 2008? How do you assess the work of Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov at the federal level?
For support of ongoing Ramzan Kadyrov, the course favored an absolute majority of respondents — 87.3% of respondents, 10.8% rated the policy of regional governance as a generally positive, 1.9% of respondents could not answer the question.
On the subject of the most significant achievements of the regional administration in the past in 2008 84.2% of the respondents believe that the most significant and a great achievement president is the opening of the mosque "Heart of Chechnya" Akhmad Kadyrov in the center of the Terrible.
In general, the projected total. As well as the results of the federal elections in Chechnya, where provided 98-99% of the "main force."
Exciting results of surveys outside the state republics of the Caucasus, but where there is a large Caucasian diaspora — in the Stavropol region. There is more freedom for the researcher, and in the middle of the respondents — honesty. For example, in 2008 in Pyatigorsk, a representative survey was conducted with respect.
In the middle of the vast majority of respondents were Russian — 72.9% (in general, in the region of the Caucasus Mineral water while so many are), was also attended by Armenians — 10.6%, the Greeks — 4.3%, Ukrainians — 4.0% -1.8% Chechens, Georgians — 1.5%, Karachai — 0.9%, Belarusians, Tatars and Lezghins — 0.6%, Avars, Adygeys, Arabs, Ingush, Kabardian, the Koreans, the Ossetians, the Germans, the Poles — at 0.3%.)
"With the transfer of the ethnic groups originating from other regions of Russia and other countries, in most cases, were called Chechens — 23.6%, Armenians — 20.8%, Vietnamese — 16.3%, Chinese — 15.0%, Azeri — 10.9%, Koreans — 7.7% -7.3% Dagestani, Kabardinians — 5.1%, Greeks 3.2%, 2.6%, Ingush, Caucasians — 4.2%, Tajiks — 2 , 2%, etc. Most of th
e respondents expressed a neutral attitude to these groups — 66.8%. Expressed a negative attitude — 21.3%, the positive — only 11.9%.
If you specify a group, which cause negative feelings interviewed dubbed: 17.4% — skinheads, 14.0% — nationalists, 5.0% — fascists, Nazis, 3.9%, 2.7% — the extremists. Also called ethnic groups: -2.3% Armenians, Gypsies -4.3% -4.3% Chechens, Jews 1.2%, Vietnamese and Koreans by 0.8%, as the Turks, Americans, Estonians, Ingush, Latvians, Arabs, Assyrians, Kabardians, Karachai, Khakases — 0.4%.
If you specify a group, which cause a positive attitude of the ethnic groups are named: Ukrainians — 2.6%, Greeks — 2.1%, Jews — 1.3%, Belarusians and Ossetians by 0.9%, Germans, Georgians, Tatars, Americans, citizens of the country of the rising sun, the Latvians — by 0.4%. "
In general, people Stavropol anyone does not love, but many can not stand.
As you can tell by the data of opinion polls in the Caucasus? Civilian civilization is not here — as in the whole of Russia, and ethnic civilization only emerging. The Caucasus go from Russia is not going to, and apparently, in this his desire he will stand up to the end. At the same time, the Caucasus is heterogeneous: in Chechnya could impose unusual for her vozhdistskogo subculture, the Dagestan remained outlaws, inherent historically. In other national republics of the Caucasus in general do not have time to evolve into ethnic civilization — likely we are waiting for the "gap" dvuetnicheskih republics (Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia).
And the main thing — the capital sociologists in the last 3-4 years were not interested in what is happening in the Caucasus. And ignorance gives rise to many sorrows.
(Pictures — Chechen painter Waha)