Design Bureau Southern: the past, present and future

State
Enterprise "Design Bureau" South "to them. Yangel "- one of the world's leading companies specializing in the creation of space engineering, a recognized leader in the domestic rocket and space technology and science. Alexander Degtyarev, number Veche July 2013 10 April 1954 the Government adopted the Decision on the reform of the Chief designer of the plant number 586, created for the mass production of missiles SP The Queen, in the Special Design Bureau of number 586 (from 1966 — CB "South"), the chief designer and chief who was appointed by Mikhail Yangelya.S Since then, the CB "South" were born thirteen and seven military strategic space defense systems (RK). The works were made in conjunction with the main production plant — "Pivdenmash" and in close collaboration with institutions and enterprises in Moscow, Kiev, Leningrad, Kharkov and Voronezh, Byisk, Chernigov, Yerevan, and others. All these years, CB "South" is working closely with the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, a framework for cooperation which are laid in a personal meeting of chief designer CB "South" Michael Yangelya with Boris Paton. It was then offered to academic institutions to start creating new and unique metallic and composite materials for the defense industry.
further intensive cooperation has been focused on two main areas — defense and space, which are complementary to each other. Thanks to a system of coordination and a deep connection between science, engineering and manufacturing CB "South" successfully handle complex tasks. The design created by rockets then laid efficient, often pioneering technical solutions that are designed CB "South" combat missiles, launch vehicles (LV) and spacecraft (SC) are often ahead of their time. Many of them are in demand and are relevant, and most importantly — they provided an opportunity to further improve the basic performance characteristics of product upgrades. The history and development of missile and space technology CB "South" can be divided into three stages. First developed rockets for military use. The most important political and defense task was to create a nuclear missile shield of the USSR which is based intercontinental ballistic missiles. The Soviet Army was taken thirteen combat missile systems. More than 60 percent of the entire arsenal of nuclear warheads, the Soviet Union was set to launch production of Dnepropetrovsk. Known intercontinental military missiles SS-24 (Scalpel) and SS-18 (Satan), designed and constructed in Dnepropetrovsk, on the technical parameters and still unsurpassed. It should be emphasized: the missiles were never used for its intended purpose, but they provided the achievement of the main goal — the strategic parity of the U.S. and the USSR, which deprived of any meaning nuclear-missile war. Incidentally, the SS-18 missile, which the Americans called "Satan", and is now on active duty as part of the Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation. Running Dnepropetrovsk spacecraft DS-2 ("Space-1") in March 1962 marked the beginning of the second stage. Launched a comprehensive program of space exploration "Space" and "Intercosmos" carried out with the help of rockets and spacecraft created by engineers and workers CB "South" and the Production Association "Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant". Developed and put into operation seven types of space missiles "Space", "Space-2", "Cyclone-2", "Cyclone-3", "Zenit-2", "Zenit-3SL», «Dnepr", the side boosters I much space system "Energia-Buran", more than 70 types of spacecraft scientific, military, and commercial naznacheniya.Proshel flight test missile unit of the lunar spacecraft (Section E). With the help of rockets CB "South" in orbit more than 1,100 spacecraft, including the 400 — its own design. When the possibility of rocket and space technology have become popular in the new field, the third phase of its development. First of all it concerns the application of space systems applications. Today, the geostationary orbit has numerous satellites around the world, are low-orbit global communication systems. Mankind can not live without space navigation systems, the information received from weather satellites and remote sensing. "Sich-1" — the name of the first Soviet spacecraft that was created in an independent Ukraine. With the help of remote sensing was carried out in our state and other parts of the earth's surface. The results are used to assess the state of soil and vegetation cover, soil moisture and condition of winter crops, flood control dynamics, and to identify contaminated areas of Ukraine. On the basis of the second spacecraft "Sich-2" was created by cosmic system, which consisted of the actual spacecraft mission control center and station information and the acceptance of its processing facilities. Satellite "Sich-2" into orbit in August 2011 rocket "Dnepr". During the year the unit photographed the Earth's surface area of more than 4.5 million km2, including 2.5 million km2 of the territory of Ukraine. The photographs sent to the concerned ministries and departments and are used for the control of agrarian resources, land and forest management, to monitor emergency situations and mineral exploration.The active position of CB "South" at the same time and in the international market space.Design Bureau is involved in large-scale international space projects, such as the "Sea Launch" (the U.S., Russia, Norway), "Land Launch" (the U.S., Russia), "Dnepr" (with Russia), "Cyclone-4" (from Brazil), "Vega" (the European Space Agency), "Antares" (from the U.S.).Also CB "South" creates a research and design foundation for the further development of cooperation in promising space projects with China, India, South Korea, Japan, Brazil, the United States and Europe."Sea Launch" — a unique international project to launch spacecraft launch vehicle "Zenit-3SL» with a floating offshore platform "Odyssey" in the equatorial waters of the Pacific Ocean. Since 1999, the program has conducted 33 successful launches of "Zenit-3SL» with on a geostationary orbit spacecraft USA, Japan, the United Arab Emirates, Brazil and other countries. I can not recall the situation with the last launch of the spacecraft «Intelsat-27" for the program. As reported in the press, the launch of "Zenit-3SL» 31 January 2013 ended in failure. At the time of this writing, the emergency committee has not yet completed its investigation. According to the preliminary conclusion of experts cause for termination was the failure of a missile on-board power source (BJP), which employs a thrust vector control engines of the first stage. This is the only case of its failure for all time regular operation of missiles, "Zenit". The probable reason for this is considered an accidental hit in the BJP foreign particle. Today defined a plan for completing the investigation and address the causes of the accident, the implementation of the Commission's proposals to restore the normal operation of the RCP (launch vehicle) "Zenit". Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, commenting on the case said during a visit to the plant "Kievpribor", said: "Even this most highly reliable and high-tech industry as space, nowhere has examples of work without interruption: either in America or in Europe or in the China, neither in Russia, nor in our country. In the high-tech progra
ms and projects, unfortunately, there are those moments. It does not need to make any tragedies. It is necessary to thoroughly understand what caused this and how to eliminate the cause. " Further development of the "Zenith" was to use it in the "Land Launch", in which the modernization of technical and launch complexes at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. At the three-stage rocket "Zenit-3SL ¡" and "Zenith 3SLBF" with various boosters implemented a number of improvements that significantly increase the reliability and performance. Already conducted nine successful launches under the "Land Launch". Among the ongoing projects of paramount importance, it is necessary to call the Russian-Ukrainian project "Dnipro", which has a strong presence in the international market of launch services and the image of a reliable vehicle in its segment. At present, made 17 starts with the conclusion in the space 62 for various purposes, owned by 15 countries of the world. The "Dnepr" can be considered one of the most successful examples of the conversion of national importance. Summing up the volume of long-term provision of space services, let us note that the total number of launches of spacecraft into orbit, Ukraine is now the fifth-seventh in the world.Recently, cooperation with U.S. companies has reached a new, higher level.It showed the involvement of CB "Southern" in the development of rocket-space complex (RSC) "Antares" ("Taurus-II»).Created by the media plan in the first stage used to deliver cargo to the International Space Station after the use of the U.S. shuttles like "Space Shuttle", and in the future — for launch by both commercial and government customers.This is an unprecedented project in the history of cooperation between Ukraine and the United States in space for the first time the rocket and space industry of our country are taking part in the creation of the American media.Along with "YUZHMASH" CB "South" is developing the basic design of the first stage of the rocket.Fire tests RSC "Antares" were successful.This year, the two planned to launch the rocket from the Baikonur Wallops (USA)which have already been delivered four sets of material from Ukraine.At the final stage is the implementation of a major international project "Cyclone-4".First full cycle of development and manufacturing of this promising space-rocket complex has a joint Ukrainian enterprises. For this project, use the new Brazilian Alcantara space center, whose convenient location in the equatorial zone allows you to launch the spacecraft in a wide range of inclinations of the orbits. Draft whereinCB "South" plays a key role, has a strong technical, commercial, legal and administrative framework. Its implementation contributes to the development of cooperation between Ukraine and Brazil. In the future, even provided direct participation of Brazilian companies in the manufacture of a number of structural elements of the missile systems.Ukraine is among the seven countries in the world, having finished a full cycle of a liquid-propellant rocket engines.International recognition of the achievements of CB "South" and "Yuzhmash" in this area creates a propulsion system of the fourth stage for the European launch vehicle "Vega".In February 2012, made the first successful launch of the rocket from Kourou in French Guiana.Design office not only focuses on the current problems of experts and projects, but also intensifies the long-term research and development to ensure a stable future for the enterprise, full implementation of its scientific and technological capacity, and, ultimately, to ensure the creation of new generations of space technology, based on the the latest technical solutions.Among such projects — a promising family of environmentally friendly carrier rockets "Lighthouse", which is based on the best design and engineering solutions, used for previously established defense systems CB "South". This can significantly reduce the cost of developing the project, and so on.In the design stage is the development of unmanned aerial vehicles, Liquid and solid rocket motors for various purposes, transportation and space systems based on high-altitude supersonic aircraft and aerospace complex ultralight class.The most important activity of the CB "South" is the development of liquid-and solid motors with a full production cycle of the material in Ukraine.Today, the company completes the testing of the upper stage engine RSC "Cyclone-4", creates a range of engines for upper stages, which can be used in their own and foreign projects.Intensively developing a family of the main engines of the first and second stagesrockets thrust from 120 to 250 tons.A project to create a powerful propulsion rocket engine thrust up to 500 tons, Projects to create a propulsion module that will be able to ensure the delivery of cargo and crews to the moon and the next planet of the solar system.Creation in Ukraine of modern competitive rocket engines is important both for a complete missile systems from other manufacturers, as well as for the production of single, demanded on the world market a product that has great export potential.Among the most promising projects — "Mikrosat." It was he who started the practical implementation of a comprehensive research program that explores the possibility of the prediction of natural disasters in the world, including zemletryaseniy.KA "Mikrosat" will be able to perform complex measurements to study the relationship of the ionosphere with the processes in the Earth's crust. Powered by a geostationary satellite "Lybyd." Although this development, commissioned by the National Space Agency of Ukraine is a Canadian company, its launch this year should make the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch vehicle "Zenit-3SL ¡". Being at the orbital position of 48 ° of longitude, this spacecraft will provide coverage of Central and Eastern Europe, India, Central and West Africa, and provide services in the field of communication, satellite TV and broadband Internet access. It is planned that half of the satellite's power to use state-owned companies, the second — to rent out to foreign companies for their transmission channels in Ukraine. The team CB "South" keep under review and the challenges of global scale, facing humanity. The efforts of specialists focused on solving the most pressing global problems, such as removing radioactive waste into space, anti-asteroid defense of the Earth, the operational management of crisis and emergency situations caused by man-made and natural disasters, removing debris from Earth orbit, and the like.Development of systems-missile missile weapons for the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine remains a top priority for GP "CB" South ".In the current circumstances it is difficult to overestimate the importance of public defense missile weapons.Realizing a responsible role in ensuring the country's defense, CB "South" has repeatedly put forth proposals for the creation of high-precision weapons systems for various purposes.At present already completed the first phase of work is particularly important to establish the operational and tactical missile system (PTRC) "Peregrine Falcon".Draft project is defined technical configuration of systems formed part of co-operation, designed the complex characteristics.A state program, the timing and amount of funding.However, lack of funding, the uncertainty of the position of the customer (Ministry of Defence), who do not persevere in the implementation of the program slowed down the development of the PTRC 2012.Meanwhile, the development of this complex and its components makes it possible to translate the real basis for the creation in our country other types of high-precision missile and missile weapons (anti-aircraft missile system, anti-ship complex systems of cruise missiles, etc.).Today, CB "South" jointly involved in cooperation with Ukrainian companies willing to carry out this important task.Despite the lack of funding in 2009-2012 CB "South" has developed fundamental solutions aimed at improving the technical characteristics of the PTRC mainly for the export option in the sphere of military-technical cooperation.Taking this into account in Ukraine there are opportunities to create your own complex.We expect to find foreign partners for PTRC on the principles of military-technical cooperation in order to reduce the burden on the state budget.Given proclaimed leadership of the state bezblokovogo status of independent Ukraine production of precision weapons is the only effective weapons for deterrence.In today's world, the pace of development of the space industry are extremely high. Withstand competition in the market space technologies and services only if the solution of complex problems of development, production, testing and use of the products takes place continuously and systematically using the latest advances in science and technology. It is systematic and purposeful coordination of basic and applied collaborative research institutes of the NAS of Ukraine and CB "South" is able to provide a synergistic effect of the interaction between science and industry in quality and competitive developments. The logical step to ensure a systematic approach to solving the problems of rocket and space industry of Ukraine was conducted in October of last year on the initiative of CB "South" meeting of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences dedicated to the development of cooperation of Ukraine and the State Enterprise "CB" South. " It signed the General Agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the state enterprise "CB" South "and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the field of missile and space technology. Works for a coordinating council under the leadership of the President of NAS and General Designer — Director General of the State Enterprise "CB" South. "To form a joint working groups in the following areas: • General questions of prospective projects; • ballistics, aerodynamics and heat transfer; • load and strength structures; • New materials and technologies; • the main problems of rocket engines for solid fuels (creation and modification of binders); • fluid dynamics installation; • scientific satellite systems and special purpose telemetry system; • management systems; • Economics and Management; • History create a space rocket technology. At a meeting of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine adopted a long-term plan of joint scientific and technical activities SE "CB" South "and the scientific institutions of NAS in these areas for five years.10 December 2012 in Kyiv hosted the first meeting of the Coordination Council of the State Enterprise" CB "South" and scientific institutions National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, which set out a plan of joint activities for 2013. The next step is the consolidation of science and industry was held on 7 February this year in Dnepropetrovsk, on initiative of the design office, the coordination meeting with the leading higher educational institutions of Ukraine. In the meeting on the basis of CB "South" was attended by 26 presidents and members of the country's leading universities, representatives of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, Chairman of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Council, the representative of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional State Administration, the chairman of Mogilev Research Center of NAS and MES Ukrainy.Sostoyalos broad stakeholder discussion of actual problems of rocket-space industry. A General Agreement on joint research in the field of missile and space technology. Adopted the basic agreements facilitate the introduction of scientific developments in the advanced development of universities SE "CB" South ", the development of scientific and technological base of universities, improve the quality of training and research staff. On the agenda — the organization of a joint meeting with the institutions of the Ministry of Defence, for the creation of modern rocket and missile weapons is possible only under the condition of constant close contact CB "South" and professional military research institutes. This is especially important for determining the basic tactical and technical characteristics of advanced missile systems, and for the formation of joint representations with the customer impact model operational use and interaction with the intelligence. important common task of military science and industry — the optimization stages of creating a rocket and missile weapons in conditions of chronic limitation of budget financing. In this regard, we initiated a joint meeting of CB "South" and the scientific organizations of the Ministry of Defence will be very important. So we hope for further fruitful cooperation. Today, CB "South" as the umbrella organization the space industry is doing everything possible to preserve the unconditional Ukraine the status of a space power, created in the USSR strong scientific, technical and technological capacity, as well as for its further development in the interests of national defense. To perform this task, you must strategically important direct and immediate involvement of the state in ensuring the implementation of these plans.The stability of the rocket and space industry requires real support (through the mechanism of public order), and key high-tech industries are vital for Ukraine destinations such as gyroscopes, a closed production cycle engines, producing their own carbon-carbon materials and semi-finished rolled aluminum and titanium alloys etc..In the framework of our government with the participation of the President of the draft program to enhance the high-tech sectors of the economy of Ukraine for 2013-2014 it is advisable to re-equip the production capacity of the Southern Machine-Building Plant, to restore the test base SE "CB" South "and" Yuzhmash "in order to ensure the further development of these enterprises and industry in general. In conclusion I would like to stress that CB "South", having huge experience in managing high-tech enterprises and co-operatives organizations determining real industrial potential of the country and its competitiveness is always open for cooperation in the development of high technology in demand in the world market. Today, CB "South" and "Pivdenmash", despite all the problems that are ready to perform the full scope of construction work, experimental development and production of modern rocket and space technology. Already conducted nine successful launches under the "Land Launch". Among the ongoing projects of paramount importance, it is necessary to call the Russian-Ukrainian project "Dnipro", which has a strong presence in the international market of launch services and the image of a reliable vehicle in its segment. At present, made 17 starts with the conclusion in the space 62 for various purposes, owned by 15 countries of the world. The "Dnepr" can be considered one of the most successful exa
mples of the conversion of the state masshtaba.Podytozhivaya amounts of long-term provision of space services, let us note that the total number of launches of spacecraft into orbit, Ukraine is now the fifth-seventh in the world.Recently, cooperation with U.S. companies has reached a new, higher level.It showed the involvement of CB "Southern" in the development of rocket-space complex (RSC) "Antares" ("Taurus-II»).Created by the media plan in the first stage used to deliver cargo to the International Space Station after the use of the U.S. shuttles like "Space Shuttle", and in the future — for launch by both commercial and government customers.This is an unprecedented project in the history of cooperation between Ukraine and the United States in space for the first time the rocket and space industry of our country are taking part in the creation of the American media.Along with "YUZHMASH" CB "South" is developing the basic design of the first stage of the rocket.Fire tests RSC "Antares" were successful.This year, the two planned to launch the rocket from the Baikonur Wallops (USA)which have already been delivered four sets of material from Ukraine.At the final stage is the implementation of a major international project "Cyclone-4".First full cycle of development and manufacturing of this promising space-rocket complex has a joint Ukrainian enterprises. For this project, use the new Brazilian Alcantara space center, whose convenient location in the equatorial zone allows you to launch the spacecraft in a wide range of inclinations of the orbits. Draft whereinCB "South" plays a key role, has a strong technical, commercial, legal and administrative framework. Its implementation contributes to the development of cooperation between Ukraine and Brazil. In the future, even provided direct participation of Brazilian companies in the manufacture of a number of structural elements of the missile systems.Ukraine is among the seven countries in the world, having finished a full cycle of a liquid-propellant rocket engines.International recognition of the achievements of CB "South" and "Yuzhmash" in this area creates a propulsion system of the fourth stage for the European launch vehicle "Vega".In February 2012, made the first successful launch of the rocket from Kourou in French Guiana.Design office not only focuses on the current problems of experts and projects, but also intensifies the long-term research and development to ensure a stable future for the enterprise, full implementation of its scientific and technological capacity, and, ultimately, to ensure the creation of new generations of space technology, based on the the latest technical solutions.Among such projects — a promising family of environmentally friendly carrier rockets "Lighthouse", which is based on the best design and engineering solutions, used for previously established defense systems CB "South". This can significantly reduce the cost of developing the project, and so on.In the design stage is the development of unmanned aerial vehicles, Liquid and solid rocket motors for various purposes, transportation and space systems based on high-altitude supersonic aircraft and aerospace complex ultralight class.The most important activity of the CB "South" is the development of liquid-and solid motors with a full production cycle of the material in Ukraine.Today, the company completes the testing of the upper stage engine RSC "Cyclone-4", creates a range of engines for upper stages, which can be used in their own and foreign projects.Intensively developing a family of the main engines of the first and second stagesrockets thrust from 120 to 250 tons.A project to create a powerful propulsion rocket engine thrust up to 500 tons, Projects to create a propulsion module that will be able to ensure the delivery of cargo and crews to the moon and the next planet of the solar system.Creation in Ukraine of modern competitive rocket engines is important both for a complete missile systems from other manufacturers, as well as for the production of single, demanded on the world market a product that has great export potential.Among the most promising projects — "Mikrosat." It was he who started the practical implementation of a comprehensive research program that explores the possibility of the prediction of natural disasters on Earth, including earthquakes. SC "Mikrosat" will be able to perform complex measurements to study the relationship of the ionosphere with the processes in the Earth's crust. Powered by a geostationary satellite "Lybyd." Although this development, commissioned by the National Space Agency of Ukraine is a Canadian company, its launch this year should make the Baikonur Cosmodrome launch vehicle "Zenit-3SL ¡". Being at the orbital position of 48 ° of longitude, this spacecraft will provide coverage of Central and Eastern Europe, India, Central and West Africa, and provide services in the field of communication, satellite TV and broadband Internet access. It is planned that half of the satellite's power to use state-owned companies, the second — to rent out to foreign companies for their transmission channels in Ukraine. The team CB "South" keep under review and the challenges of global scale, facing humanity. The efforts of specialists focused on solving the most pressing global problems, such as removing radioactive waste into space, anti-asteroid defense of the Earth, the operational management of crisis and emergency situations caused by man-made and natural disasters, removing debris from Earth orbit, and the like.Development of systems-missile missile weapons for the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine remains a top priority for GP "CB" South ".In the current circumstances it is difficult to overestimate the importance of public defense missile weapons.Realizing a responsible role in ensuring the country's defense, CB "South" has repeatedly put forth proposals for the creation of high-precision weapons systems for various purposes.At present already completed the first phase of work is particularly important to establish the operational and tactical missile system (PTRC) "Peregrine Falcon".Draft project is defined technical configuration of systems formed part of co-operation, designed the complex characteristics.A state program, the timing and amount of funding.However, lack of funding, the uncertainty of the position of the customer (Ministry of Defence), who do not persevere in the implementation of the program slowed down the development of the PTRC 2012.Meanwhile, the development of this complex and its components makes it possible to translate the real basis for the creation in our country other types of high-precision missile and missile weapons (anti-aircraft missile system, anti-ship complex systems of cruise missiles, etc.).Today, CB "South" jointly involved in cooperation with Ukrainian companies willing to carry out this important task.Despite the lack of funding in 2009-2012 CB "South" has developed fundamental solutions aimed at improving the technical characteristics of the PTRC mainly for the export option in the sphere of military-technical cooperation.Taking this into account in Ukraine there are opportunities to create your own complex.We expect to find foreign p
artners for PTRC on the principles of military-technical cooperation in order to reduce the burden on the state budget.
Given proclaimed leadership of the state bezblokovogo status of independent Ukraine production of precision weapons is the only effective weapons for deterrence.In today's world, the pace of development of the space industry are extremely high. Withstand competition in the market space technologies and services only if the solution of complex problems of development, production, testing and use of the products takes place continuously and systematically using the latest advances in science and technology. It is systematic and purposeful coordination of basic and applied collaborative research institutes of the NAS of Ukraine and CB "South" is able to provide a synergistic effect of the interaction between science and industry in quality and competitive developments. The logical step to ensure a systematic approach to solving the problems of rocket and space industry of Ukraine was conducted in October of last year on the initiative of CB "South" meeting of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences dedicated to the development of cooperation of Ukraine and the State Enterprise "CB" South. " It signed the General Agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the state enterprise "CB" South "and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the field of missile and space technology. Works for a coordinating council under the leadership of the President of NAS and General Designer — Director General of the State Enterprise "CB" South. " Formed joint working groups in the following areas: • General questions of prospective projects; • ballistics, aerodynamics and heat transfer; • load and structural strength; • New materials and technologies; • the main problems of rocket engines for solid fuels (creation and modification of binders); • fluid dynamics installation; • scientific satellite systems and special purpose telemetry system; • management systems; • Economics and Management; • history of rocket and space technology. At a meeting of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine adopted a long-term plan of joint scientific and technical activities SE "CB" South "and the scientific institutions of NAS in these areas for five years. December 10, 2012 in Kiev, the first meeting of the Coordination Council of the State Enterprise "CB" South "and the scientific institutions of the NAS of Ukraine, which set out a plan of joint activities for 2013. The next step is the consolidation of science and industry was held on 7 February this year in Dnepropetrovsk, on initiative of the design office, the coordination meeting with the leading higher educational institutions of Ukraine. In the meeting on the basis of CB "South" was attended by 26 presidents and members of the country's leading universities, representatives of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, Chairman of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Council, the representative of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional State Administration, the chairman of Mogilev Research Center of NAS and MES of Ukraine. There was considerable discussion of urgent problems concerned the space industry. A General Agreement on Joint

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