Weather anomalies recently once again forced to recall fans of conspiracy theories about a climate of weapons with which provoke our enemies abroad in unfriendly countries, natural disasters. "Unfortunately, a sin have not only politicians and journalists, and scholars" — recognizes "Independent Military Review", which decided to explain what the "weather" weapons, whether it exists in principle and, if so, what are its striking properties.
According to the definition of "Military Encyclopedic Dictionary" in 2002, the climate weapon — a "weather weapons for artificial weather and climate in order to inflict damage, it can be based on a microscopic particle instability in the cloud and freely in the atmosphere." In the United States and the Soviet Union have long sought to develop ways to control the weather for military purposes, but with varying degrees of success, remember the experts.
On the creation of such a miracle weapon, American scientists began to work back in the 1960s. In 1962 he started the project "Violent Storm", in which the technique was first applied dispersion of silver iodide into the clouds in order to minimize the effect of hurricanes. Sometimes specialists did manage to reduce the force of the hurricane by 10-30%, but most could not.
The project turned into 1983. Scientists have not been able to tame hurricanes, but got an unexpected result, learning the rain. Silver iodide and is now used to disperse the clouds before the holidays.
"Spinach" against Vietnamese guerrillas
During the Vietnam War, American pilots scatter silver iodide in the rain clouds to cause rain showers. The operation was code named "Project" Spinach "and was aimed at the destruction of the Ho Chi Minh trail, in which North Vietnam supplied the weapons, food and fuel units of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam.
Americans really managed to cause heavy rains partially paralyze the supply of guerrillas, but the effect was short-lived, and the money demanded huge. After the war, in 1977, the United Nations signed the Convention "On the Prohibition of Military or any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Impact."
Americans feared that the "Russian Woodpecker" penetrates into their homes
In the USSR, meanwhile trying to learn how to influence the Earth's atmosphere through the magnetosphere. The experiments were carried out in the 1970s, experts Institute of Thermal Processes (now — Keldysh Research Center). With missile submarine in the Circumpolar conducted missile tests with the source plasma up to one and a half megawatts. Scientists and the military was most interested radionevidimost objects and magnetic storms as a means of attack.
And in the 1980s, American newspapers wrote about the mysterious "Russian woodpecker" — weather control system, which allegedly emits low frequency waves that can cause disturbances in the atmosphere and change the direction of jet air currents. Prolonged drought in California in 1985-1991, the Americans tied it with a menacing "woodpecker." Individual newspapermen even scared of U.S. citizens that the signal is "Woodpecker" "psychoactive", "it is caught to the mains, and through them flows into our homes."
In 1988, the Federal Communications Commission has investigated and finally found out the appointment of the "Russian Woodpecker". This secret object was near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Chernobyl-2. Height of the antennas of the transmitting station — 2150 meters, the length of 800 meters. The system consists of multiple radars that provide almost complete coverage of rays on the perimeter of the USSR.
"Russian Woodpecker" was a powerful radar horizon of the Soviet system of missile warning. It tracks changes in the state of the ionosphere, which occur when the rocket engines. The radiation was carried out at a frequency of a few tens of megahertz to two that catches the ear. Sound like a woodpecker swotting — hence the name.
A few years after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant stopped operation of the radar — she was in the exclusion zone. It soon became clear that the use of "Woodpecker" by appointment impossible.
Soviet Union was actively engaged and hurricanes. In the early 1980s, together with Cuba and Vietnam began research typhoons. Military looking for places typhoon influence on which it would be to reduce or increase its power, destroy or change the trajectory using special reagents.
And it became clear that, scattering from an aircraft, these substances in the "eye" typhoon, its rear and front of the can, creating a difference in pressure and temperature, to make him walk around or stand still. The main problem was that it was necessary to take into account every second set of ever-changing factors.
Work on the effects on typhoons were discontinued in the 1990s.
"Sura" against HAARP
In the late 1970's, the geophysical survey near the city of Nizhny Novgorod region Vasilsursk built multifunctional radio complex "Sura". It is intended to study the ionosphere. "Sura" operates to this day, but for only 100 hours a year, because of the Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Physics is not enough money on electricity for experiments. A day of hard work, "Sura" deprive landfill monthly budget.
Americans built their analog "Sura» — HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program — «active research project auroral region"). First appeared in Alaska complex area of 14 hectares, and then in Norway. HAARP consists of antennas, radar, incoherent radiation from the antenna dvadtsatimetrovogo diameter, laser radars, magnetometers, computers for signal processing and control the antenna field. Officially, it is the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world.
HAARP original function was to ensure uninterrupted communication with American submarines. Ionospheric research continues today, as it affects the quality of the radio in the first place for making use of satellite constellations.
As the American system was turned into a "climate weapon"
Apparently, the major scale American work and indiscreet funding and created an incredible amount of rumors and accusations of the complex, says: "Independent Military Review". HAARP and so became known as part of the "American system of climate weapons."
HAARP weapon and called climate accused of all imaginable disasters Russian officials, the military and even scientists, complains, "HBO." Russian media, for example, repeatedly quoted the deputy of the State Duma of the third convocation of the Communist Party Tatyana Astrakhankina, stating that the "catastrophic flood in Germany, France and the Czech Republic, tornadoes off the coast of Italy, where the tornado he has never happened — not that other, as adverse effects of testing Americans geophysical weapons. " "The weapons have already been created and tested in low-power modes — Communist bogey. — In a short time the installation is completed, and its capacity will increase by several times. "
In 2002, deputies even prepared to appeal to President Vladimir Putin at the United Nations with the requirements of a common international commission of inquiry conducted experiments in Alaska. Strange document already signed 90 deputies. The scandal was hushed up by representatives of the president: they demanded to withdraw the question, and the commission did not create.
Also in 2002, the Defense Committee tabled the harmful impact on climate exposure experiments on the ionosphere and magnetosphere, held HAARP. "Near-Earth space, the ionosphere, magnetosphere may be under the active influence of the HAARP, causing man-made disasters," — says the former chairman of the Defense Committee Andrei Nikolayev.
But the most famous speech about the climate of weapons, of course, became drunken revelation LDPR leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky. On the famous video of the 2003 State Duma Deputy Speaker threatened the then U.S. President George Bush in connection with the invasion of Iraq: "At night, our scientists slightly change the gravitational field of the Earth, and your country will be under water. 24, b … — and the whole country will be your underwater Atlantic and Pacific. You're joking with someone, b …? "
People seriously discussing "weather" the enemies are found not only in Russia. Thus, a meteorologist Scott Stevens claim that the hurricane "Katrina" in 2005 he was sent to the United States with the help of developed in the Soviet Union secret climate weapons, based on the principle of electromagnetic generator. He argued that observed in radio shortwave prove the existence "of the Russian machine weather control" — the aforementioned radio complex "Sura".
Do not hesitate to speak of the "natural" weapons and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez — he last year blamed HAARP in earthquakes in China and Haiti. Chavez claimed that the devastating results of "tests carried U.S. Navy," he learned from the report that allegedly "prepared by the Russian Northern Fleet." Needless to say, that in reality the Russian Northern Fleet of this report was not made public at all.
Russia, too, at least once accused of using a "tectonic weapon". In April 2002, after the earthquake in Tbilisi, the leader of the Green Party Giorgi Gachechiladze said the tremors were caused by Russian forces artificially by Esherskoy seismic monitoring station in Abkhazia.
Whether climate weapon
No real evidence that HAARP, «Sura" or other developments the U.S. or Russia detrimental impact on the environment does not exist. Most scientists studying atmospheric phenomena, generally doubt that a small high-energy emitters can start any severe natural disasters. Daily sun down on the ionosphere on orders more energy, and atomic explosions per second sent to the power of the earth's crust are not comparable with radiation even thousands of antennas HAARP. However, for disasters or solar activity, no nuclear tests do not result.
While the climate of weapons there, calms Vladimir Kuznetsov, director of the Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation named Russian Academy of Sciences. Scientists only discuss it and making some attempts to develop. But the effect of climate weapons, according to Vladimir Kuznetsov, based on an understanding of natural processes in the atmosphere. And as much and to this day remains a mystery, the development of specific speech and can not be.