Then he cut off communications bandwidth and escape routes.
To escape, he will be obliged to fight with you and with the terrain.
20 eighth Chinese stratagems
Although in the near future the relative power of China in the world has increased significantly, main objectives of Chinese foreign policy and defense not changed since the days of cool war deconstructive limit the impact of foreign countries, to avoid the loss of territory, and continue economic growth.
China has become one of the few countries in which there are significant national interests in every part of the world, though what the country and in almost all international organizations. China — the only country which is regarded in the U.S. as a real threat to the South American world domination. The rise of China has led to concerns that the country will soon crush their own neighbors, and at one point, will overcome the U.S. as the global hegemona.
September 5, 2012, President Hu Jintao at the House of the People in Beijing, met with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the 4th round of China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue.
Besides Clinton and T. Geithner of the members of the U.S. delegation also includes salting dollars in China Gary Locke, Deputy Secretary Nicholas Burns, Secretary of Commerce John Bryson, a spokesman for U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk, the head of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, John Holdren white houses , Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke and others
After many years spent on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, Washington vorachivaetsya in the Pacific: South Korea has strengthened its own military alliance with the United States, Japan gave up trying to convince the U.S. to close its naval base on the peninsula of Okinawa, Singapore allowed the Navy United States have in their ships, and in Australia are South American naval and other bases, Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines, among other, also drawn closer to the United States.
Since the "discovery" of China in 1970-1971, the U.S. deliberately pursue policies to promote the rise of China. President Jimmy Carter even sent to various U.S. government agencies a memo indicating the rise of China to help.
This approach works, and now, even though America and seeks to protect itself from the risk that the Chinese power could lead to an increase in its arrogance. Even the firing of China's missiles in the Taiwan Strait in 1996 did not change U.S. policy. In any case, the United States is closely evenly loosen their ties with Taiwan, and since those missile maneuvers, no member of the U.S. government did not visit the peninsula. "The U.S. does not support any of the parties in territorial disputes, but we believe that the countries of the region should work together to resolve these disputes without resorting to coercion, intimidation, threats, and, of course, avoiding the use of force" — warns Hillary Clinton
Clinton addressed a diplomatic statement if Beijing does not hide its own claim to a number of territories in the South China Sea. Because China is not quick to respond: "We have noted that the U.S. has not once stated that they will not take a position on the dilemmas of the South China Sea, — said the representative of the Foreign Ministry. — We pin our hopes that they will be able to keep their promises and act Peace and stability in the region, and not vice versa. "
In general, the territorial claims of China's far not the only issue that causes friction in the relationship 2-global economic giants.
It is not the first year of the balance of trade is not in favor of the United States. Exclusively in the first quarter of this year, on par with the lack of trading figures for the first half of 2011. Taking into account the huge U.S. role in the world economy, the lack of foreign trade, which appeared in the country three decades back and growing in recent years, is a global problem of.
Since 1976, the U.S. trade balance was a deficit (imports exceeded exports in terms of foreign currency). The dynamics of growth of trade with China, the lack of observed since 1985. At the moment, the lack of commercial head postradaltsa China's economic expansion the U.S. itself:
This the greatest imbalance between with 2 states in the history of international trade. It is expected that in 2012 China's lack of a rise by a further 12%.
We can say that every U.S. resident to the current days of his or loan funds "paid" to foreign manufacturers of 30 thousand dollars
To prevent the constantly growing imbalance between imports and exports in the U.S. outside of trade, normally offered two possible solutions. First — the continuation of the U.S. dollar depreciation. U.S. unlikely to deliberately go to such an extreme and very painful measure.
Second decision related to the targeted economic slowdown, is fraught with falling real incomes and, as a consequence, the standard of living of the South American population. The choice is limited …
Meanwhile, China has become incredibly wealthy state. The size of the U.S. debt to China is $ 1.17 trillion. This means that almostitaytsy have mountains Deneg … and the Chinese with enviable speed started buying real estate in the United States … At the moment, the Chinese are not interested in Siberia so as colorful town of Toledo in Ohio, where the real estate because of the heavy economic situation and of the highest unemployment rates are available almost in a few bucks. The Chinese do not miss this opportunity. According to them, the city is in a strategically important place of the Midwest, where easy access to Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Pittsburgh and Indianapolis nedavneshnemu … According to a report in the New York Times by investors from China "buying up luxury apartments" and plans to izderzhat hundreds of millions of dollars on commercial and residential projects like Atlantic Yards in Brooklyn. Chinese companies mass-rent offices Empire State Building and the World Trade Center 1.
China is very different from past U.S. enemies. America's interests are now so very intertwined with China, that the policy of isolation or confrontation simply impossible. Even on the issue of democracy, the U.S. prefer to lecture other dictatorial countries, but not in the world naikrupneyshemu autocratic state.
"At the root of this administration attempts, and, frankly, past administrations have zeal to China indicate what his interests … and then to think that, maybe, we will force the Chinese to accept the world as it litsezreem us" — Dean says Chen (Dean Cheng), an expert in Asian research center in Washington Foundation "Heritage".
According to Chen, following the "Arab Spring", and in particular for Syria immersion in civilian war, the Chinese administration to reflect on 2-of "fundamental issues" that are relevant to their country. "They behold the rise of the movement against authoritarian regimes, and … they behold the idea impermanence leadership," — he said.
Noting that China itself this year is in the middle of the process of transition spicy power, Chen says, "The last thing the CCP wants is to do anything that promotes the development of at least some of these trends in China."
According to him, to understand China's
position on Syria is easier when you consider that the fall of the authoritarian regime and the Syrian attack Islamists in the secular Assad urging Beijing to think about what does not get this wave at a certain point, and to the Chinese coast.
Nothing personal, just business
No government in the pantheon of the Asian economic miracles is not in the minds and in the minds of Western man welter such as China. Togo worse — Celestial turned into a bone of contention: while policy with the support of scholars vigorously put a spoke in the wheels of China's economic expansion, which, as they see it, ruining the local (Western) industry, real entrepreneurs Western world are investing in China unimaginable capital. Since 1978, when the wisest CCP announced majestically programmke economic reforms, foreign investment in China's economy amounted to 500 billion dollars. This is 10 times more than the investment in Japan for the entire period from 1945 to 2000! According to the Chinese Ministry of Commerce disk imaging, only South American companies have invested 40 billion dollars in 40 thousand projects implemented in the area of China. So much so, that the yearly infusion zabugornye in this country is 10 times higher than investments in India and roughly matched with investments in Japan, India and South Korea, coupled taken! Number of Western investment in China look unpatriotic especially against the background of a lack of U.S. trade dynamics …
Desperate to find recognition in their own merchants, western governments have decided to carry on without the help of other inhumane (and inconclusive) fight with the Chinese obsession. Long time special hopes lozhili on China's accession to the WTO, which was to break off the horns of the Chinese price dumping on the outdoor market, and protectionism — at home. Support policies affect the pundits prophesying about the impending collapse of the Chinese banking system and the emergency loss of economic independence. And after all that? Nothing! China joined the WTO in 2002, and at once brisk and vsesuschie Chinese state-owned companies have found ingenious moves-outs in the restrictions and obstacles to this international organization, redirecting the flow of complaints to price dumping and protectionism Celestial in wet and quiet channel of protracted litigation.
Dogs bark — the caravan goes on: the lack of growth of U.S. trade with China after the last entry into the WTO has accelerated even more, but GDP has increased, and the trade volume has doubled! But the most contrary to the West: China's economy is safely behind the restructuring period and prepared for confrontation Western rivals on their own playing field — in an open economic environment.
After the collapse of hopes for curbing China through the WTO, Western political elite focused on the latest chimera: otvyazku yuan from the dollar. After a long and protracted struggle Spring 2005 all-Western politicians managed to prinevolit China to abandon the peg the yuan to the greenback. Once again, a long-awaited victory turned into disappointment, Yuan went into free-swimming, but contrary to the expectations of revaluation of the Chinese currency unit was ridiculous — at the level of 2-percent! Shaped izymatelstvom heard the words of Zhou Xiaochuan, head of the Chinese central bank, "The revaluation of the RMB, for sure, a few weaken trade and fiscal weaknesses U.S., but the impact of this will be very limited. "
The fiasco of the yuan urged the Bush administration to seriously consider the introduction of direct bans on the import of whole categories of Chinese products and the taxation of very heavy customs duties on Chinese good rest. But now, the intentions of politicians blatantly came into conflict with the plans of the South American business establishment completely bury both home and completely relocate to China. Ian Davies, managing director of the agency, "McKinsey & Company," said that it is encouraging that the color and the pride of civilization — the heads of the companies included in the list of «Fortune 500" — unanimously dubbed China's "main attraction" of their strategic initiatives. The dispute between politicians and businessmen broke serious:
Politician: "When" General Motors "came to China in the early 90's, he announced his intention to sell after 10 years in the domestic market of about one million cars. And after all that? In 2000, the sales figure was a real … 30 thousand! "
Businessman: "God is with him, with the domestic Chinese market! The same "General Motors" sells through the transfer to China's own production capacity more than a third of the world's own profit. "
Politician: "With the Chinese impossible to conduct cooperative business! They constantly prick Western partners, their financial statements do not correspond to reality, instead of the sound principles of free competition on the open market, double flowers bloom everywhere bribery and protectionism party bosses! "
Businessman: "But the cost of labor in China is much lower! Plus — a low cost of raw materials! And — the most liberal environmental laws! "
Politician: "Since they use the same child and slave labor! More than a third of Chinese aquatic resources poisoned and did not apply to the application, the list of the 10 most polluted cities in the planet 5 — the Chinese, and lung cancer has long been a prerequisite of death was number one in Beijing and Shanghai "!
Businessman: "I beg of you …"
In short, there is forgetfulness of the public interest and a lack of patriotism? What compels some representatives of Western civilization angrily dismiss the "yellow devil", and others — to throw herself into his arms, as if spellbound?
The economic shock
China's seat in the pantheon of the Asian economic miracles unique. In the first place — because of the virtual disk imaging available about this state. What is the actual percentage of the yearly increment of the gross state product? What is the real depth of the environmental disaster? What is the real drawback of the banking system? Undercover these are stored for seven mountains, eleven walls and 30 with 3 seals.
The situation is exacerbated by the lack of a virtuality of the modern Western man tribute inventory for understanding Chinese economic paradox. That, in general, not surprisingly: the key to the realization of the Middle Kingdom hiding the intricacies of the state psychology: Westerners coming to China with yardsticks of economic theory presented in addition to the same hopeless own alter ego — the liberal monetarism. At the basis of this approach is based on misconceptions about pyshnovatye that:
-GDP growth is a reliable indicator of prosperity and progress;
-the growth of trade benefits the members of the public;
-Economic globalization is inevitable;
-unregulated free market allocates resources well;
-multinationals are useful institutions;
-government intervention harms the economy;
— foreign investments contribute to local prosperity
With surprise and disbelief Western man watches as, on the one hand, China is under the expert management of the country did not even at all, and only just the ruling party, the host tenacious stifling the economy of the West, showing unprecedented in the history of the world's population growth. On the other hand — these outstanding merit any side does not ennoble the lives of hundreds of millions of people in the country, the unemployment rate in which most nearly the highest in the world (20%, on a more realistic estimate — all 40!). In general, even those of
his observations Westerner trust is not necessary, because at every turn, he is faced with juggling and distortions of disk imaging. Not so long ago discovered that the official Chinese statistics on foreign investment was overstated neither more nor less — up to 6 times! And all because of China's State Council has introduced tax breaks for companies with foreign capital constituent, and local business owners rushed to register fictitious joint ventures, inventing for themselves foreign investors!
The weakness of modern economic theories to explain the success of the Chinese economy is illustrated by the subsequent construction:
-China created civilians forced savings system, which directs the banks to large foreign exchange flows for the next redistribution in the form of loans to companies;
-a result, the population loses its purchasing power;
-inability to realize products inside the country's businesses are required to focus on export;
-as China's industry is fully funded by goskreditovaniya, its main concern — not an increase in the level of profit, and ensure ongoing currency flows to service its own debt obligations;
-indifference to profit leads to the fact that products are sold at cost or even less;
-production base of importing Chinese products, is destroyed, as the products of Western companies focus only on making a profit;
-of the highest growth rates strshnaya hides the reality of internal self-starvation, as the rejection of the profits in order to ensure the normal flow of foreign exchange leads to the pyramidal accumulation of debt obligations that at some point, hurl the economy.
Of all the samples Western sinologicheskoj thought this design is more correctly explains, "unhealthy motives of China's economic miracle."
But the Chinese economy "samoistoschaetsya" For more than 30 years. Over the years Pyramid was to achieve the size and Straseni not compatible with life — not only the country and the people themselves. And suffering from the western industry has long remained only a couple of factories. And after all that, really? Celestial now blooms and smells, the population multiplies beyond measure, and looking back, and Western concerns extracted from vkladyvatelnyh projects in China such profits, at the memory of homeland only wince in disgust.
You can make an objection that the above concept is false in Theorems: after all excessive lending to industrial companies in China banks shall not permissive criteria feral Market, and under the astute and vigilant control of the country and the People's Party, which simply will not allow the bankruptcy of companies due to the late payment of debts. Unfortunately, and this amendment is not working: naikrupneyshim China is the world's importer of raw materials, buying abroad all in a row — from oil and copper to aluminum and cement. These purchases are made for hard currency, not the indulgences and receipts issued by the party bosses in the form of guarantee for the "plant-favorites." The banking system is delivered to the design center, designed to explain the Chinese economic paradox, is not the case. In this system, Western politicians and pundits perceive not only the enemy's own head, and the root cause of the failure of China (as yet hypothetical nature) in the future. Since the Chinese National Bank's stroll under strict control, it is believed that they are forced to irrecoverable loans not only for the sake of finance inefficient state-owned enterprises, and in the name of communist harmful remnants. Bear it no orgies, no force, because one of the mandatory criterion of China's accession to the WTO has been the commitment of the country to provide direct admission of foreign banks in the domestic market no later than 2006. Withtavka is the fact that the Chinese are smart BEAC transfer their accounts more secure and lucrative, and the Chinese national banks, unable to withstand the competition will go bankrupt and close. That's it! End prinudilovki and ceremonies!
Further — more. As a national Chinese banks will lose money leverage, they will be required to complete the painful samsara lending support to loss-making companies, and the entire Chinese system of paternalism in the domestic and external markets by dumping fail to hell no later than 2008. The population will be thrown into a panic to withdraw funds from their own accounts of the BEAC, and faced with the inability to get their money back, and here begins to dig trenches and barricades.
This apocalyptic picture does not belong to some schemers, and a respectable scientist husband — Nicholas Lardy, specialist, sinologist at the Brookings Institution (1st of brain centers in the U.S.). "In 2005, China became the third place in the list of main exporters of the planet after the U.S. and Europe. And just 20 years ago, China was only the 30th!" — Recalls an expert on China. The concept Lardy not caricature, and crazy, because for absolution of economic theory is one hundred percent ignored the realities of the state of psychology.
Keep me in the middle of its own
Modern Western economic theories are not controlled by the realities of the "Chinese miracle" to the same magic as it came to light for a long period of time before the theories themselves. Instead of sulking on China's reluctance to allow Western companies and products to the domestic market, it is necessary to read the story. Already at the time of the Roman Empire China exchanged their silks and perfumes, gold alien civilizations while remaining completely closed system. The example of Britain, which is 200 years by hook or by crook tried without result to crack the Chinese market. She even had to create from scratch a tea industry in India — just to get rid of disproportionate dependence on Chinese imports. At some point, the British managed to find the place rather weak — the opium! — But this attempt ended with a series of energetic Opium Wars initiated by the Chinese government.
It seems to be: what kind of somewhat stupid stubbornness? Indeed, from an economic point of view profitably saturate the domestic market foreign products, much less those for which there is no government counterpart. Economy, but in terms of human psychology, the state does not have. The fact that syzveka in China was believed that the sale of its own products strangers while rejecting the use of another's symbolizes the strength and independence of the country. That's the real reason why the United States are now getting products from China valued at 152 billion dollars, and supplied to China by only 28 billion! And no liberal monetarism this national-psychological paradigm does not break down. No, never.
Of course, in the framework of proper equipment (state psychology) suffering of the Chinese people, generated economic force, directly lead to a sense of collective state of satisfaction. Its historical balance the Chinese are in the criteria is not conceivable for Westerners: 40% unemployment, a 12-hour working day, a small salary. The reasons for this, of course, inhibit feature, but the feature has never been a priority position in the system of spiritual values of China. On the contrary, the spirit of the collective, the fortified grandeur of the country, the most delightful way okormljal and unemployment, and the endless workdays.
Modern financial paradigm of China implements the national idea of the people: the idea of being an independent merchant in the world system. Focus on 2-words — commercial and independent. A Chinese man is born, to conduct trade. Not to win the World Championship, not to turn into a ram's horn stock markets and win by knockout in boxing. Trade and nenavyazchivo.Dazhe timidly
and not to trade, and haggling. From him you do not need anything, except money. No need for your products, do not care. A Chinese man with all my heart longs to cook together with other people in one pot, but always prefers to be himself on for themselves, independent and private.
China's national idea — being yin, the triumph of the never-ending Ladies Start, which allows to absorb all in a row, while keeping it all its originality. At the household level, it is being transmitted wonderful formula: "We will digest!"
For the same reason, the Western civilization, based on the hard masculine yang principle will always be attracted to the Yin of China, lured by a thousand and deceiving just in order to once again plunge into its opposite. The faster the West will be able to destroy the smug stupidity of liberal monetarism — the better for the West. Specifically, for the West, not China, as China — that to him?
He relaxed implements the latest paradigm of "heartless" of capitalism: the 12-hour working day, life in the barracks, on the terrain of the plant, the ban on free movement, the general introduction of child labor and ridiculous wages — this is a tool of modern business paradigm, which is no smallest chance control or European companies or South American, or Japanese! How much they were united, nor been removed, or upgraded and they never get to lower the cost of the final product to a level even remotely comparable to the Chinese. It remains the only way — to carry its own creation in China. Obviously, on the Chinese criteria: joint ventures with a majority in the country.
In general, to the "X hours" while still far away, and therefore roulette as if nothing had happened also continue to spin in the direction of make come true.
To escape, he will be obliged to fight with you and with the terrain …
In the last four years in the world of communication technologies happened configuration that can justifiably be called a revolution. Revolution, but not the usual, but with a twist: the action takes place entirely behind the scenes, because the audience in the hall — they are ordinary consumers — neither of them dream spirit. More precisely, of course, they realize, as, going to the shops for ordinary electric toys, behold the products on the shelves yesterday of unknown brands, which are as of the last day or luminaries — Nokia, Samsung, LG, Motorola and HTC — build quality and duration of the warranty and plug the former lead the singing for the belt on the part of technologically advanced, multi-functional versatility and, most importantly, cost. Value, from time to time by an order of more affordable and therefore cute.
Despite the fact that the Russian shelves, like 5 years ago, the usual silence reigns and quiet (transnational giperbrendy leave no smallest chance beginners) has been Third year in a row, India and China is a "quiet revolution."
Says something to you the name of Tianyu? Meanwhile, it is the third in terms of sales of mobile phones manufacturer in China! For four years, Tianyu from scratch bypassed Koreans Samsung, LG, — and Taiwanese: HTC, Acer, yielding only now Nokia and Motorola. Give a couple of years, and from ethnic giperbrendov remains a memory.
Likewise also the case in India. Four local manufacturer of mobile phones: Maxx, Micromax, Spice and Karbonn, — were born almost immediately, in 2008. At the end of 2010, their share of the market has passed for 17.5%! With all of this fraction is almost absolute monopoly Nokia has dropped from 70 to 54% and continues to decline sharply.
17.5% — a lot or not much? Since the CIS in the field of information umbrella of Western civilization, generating amazing refraction effect, very tseleobrazno pay attention to the little help. India — not only naikrupneyshy in the world market of mobile phones (800 million users), but also very busy growing — 10 million new users every month! 17.5% of the market, local manufacturers have conquered ethnic giperbrendov two years, corresponds to 2 million mobile phones sold each month. Such are the start-ups …
If a case was limited expansion of the young state of brands in the market of communication technology, neither of which the revolution would not have to read. But the fact that virtually none of the above Indian and Chinese manufacturers of mobile phones … without the help of others produces nothing! And Tianyu, and Micromax, and Maxx, Karbonn and and another 103 (!) Indian "creator" — a new type of company, so called fabless, — a fabless. In other words, everything is outsourced, the staff themselves as "producers" is limited to the sales department and the creative laboratory.
It seems to be: what is unusual about the concept fabless? Apple's Steve Jobs is working on a long time ago such a scheme, delegating professional responsibilities Taiwanese "Foksonn" and the Chinese contractors. Why, in the case of the Chinese and Indian business talking about revolution?
One of the common stereotypes of such species has been driven into the head of the inhabitants idea that all ideas related to technological advances appear in the West, while Asia appears dull performer and production orders simulator snow-white person. This stereotype is not just stupid and absurd, and death is not safe, since, leading to rest on their laurels, deprives us of care and leads to a situation where the new technological revolution, one after the other will bypass the western side of Rural Lands.
Another manifestation of Western stereotypes associated with moral and ethical manipulation of consciousness. Since Asia is devoid of creativity in the field of high technology, at least some manifestation of the new features related to copyright infringement, plagiarism, theft, in the best case — imitation. Most clearly dispels the illusion of history HTC, which long years providing business outsourcing South American and European manufacturers of smartphones and handsets, and then made its brand and almost immediately took the lead in all directions profile of the market — from technology to design.
The current dominance in the market of Korean giants — Samsung and LG — also illustrates not only naive, and specific hazard illusions associated with the far-fetched Western predominance in the field of research and development. I fear that if we arrogantly ignore and "quiet revolution", which in our eyes is now gaining momentum in China and India, the chances of something to gain a foothold in the future we do not have.
As part of the Western stereotype to assume that a "quiet revolution" in the market of communication technology in China and India completely and one hundred percent developed on the basis of such an unsightly in moral and ethical behavior of the phenomenon as "shandzhay." This heresy, treacherous deception and disinformation!
The concept of "shandzhay" in the Western world has evolved from the apparent theft to a more or less tolerable imitation. Remember all those Soony, Pamasonic, Nokea and Mortorola a dashing 90? This is the Chinese "shandzhay" in its infancy. Stolen brand, stolen stuffing, stolen design, produced and sold at the knees for a penny — that's it, the Chinese way in development. According to the latest least as it was seen in the West.
With age, the Chinese are civilized and learned not just copy, and "creatively rethink. " The Wall Street Journal has recently even introduced that "shandzhay" — a form of "sincere revolt" in China against social and political injustice. The Chinese themselves derive their passion for copying not only of the old country traditions, and for the love of parody. In an interview with "Expert" Mark Zavadsky owner of Xinhui, producing a clone of iPhone entitled Hiphone Air (with the logo of the whole and not the bitten apple), proudly stated
that he does not "copy the iPhone, and a parody of them."
No relation to the stereotypes "shandzhaya" "quiet revolution" has, in principle, and it is based on an entirely different technological paradigm.
The database dizzying shift from the throne of international giperbrendov in mobile technologies are developing Taiwan's Mediatek, which created a unique integrated circuit designer, details of which are the Systems-On-Chip (SOC) — «system on a chip", which represent a new generation of microcontrollers. SOC allows for a small integrated circuit to create a universal multifunctional palette. For example, under the title Mediatek chip MT6239 combines within itself the wireless communication protocols GSM / GPRS Class 12, an integrated 5-megapixel camera, support TV format MDTV, accelerator and MP4/H.263 codec H.264, support USB and TV Out, MT6268 chip adds to the list of support for WCDMA and shoot video with auto focus, chip MT65116 — support screen resolution WVGA, and so on.
The designer Mediatek gives an extraordinary innovator impetus for creativity, since it allows producers (or more precisely — the creators!) New mobile brands in India and China to market quite a unique model, in terms of technology is not something that rivals, and almost always outstripping production ethnic giperbrendov . And what does "shandzhay?"
Add to this extraordinary production cycle Mediatek — 3 months from the design stage to the finished product (for comparison: the Nokia this cycle is in the best case, 18 months), and you have a formula of success of China Tianyu, India Micromax, Maxx and Karbonn. In the end, the cost of which is due to the maximum concentration of technology in a small integrated circuit is inaccessible to competitors with a full production cycle. Moreover, the "quiet revolutionaries" has created an excellent mobile phones with a two-year full warranty Maxx.
The result of the model's debut H1i Micromax — the conquest of the provinces of the country and the establishment of priklnnoy and loyal army in the millions of users. Excellent lesson Micromax: stupid to compete with Nokia on cost alone, as the Finnish brand is virtually guaranteed would find the opportunity to make up the difference in price unusual handicap to the prestige and fashion. Defeat Goliath small shepherd David is possible only with 2 methods: or technological advantage, which really stems from differences in the length of the production cycle (3 months from Mediatek and 18 at Nokia), or the knowledge of the intricacies of the local market. Indian creators of new brands in the wake of a "quiet revolution" which use both tools.
The success of a "quiet revolution" in India contributed incomprehensible greed and ethnic giperbrendov unable to readjust to the new criteria of the market and the existing monopoly on the notorious tradition.
If Beijing or Divide introduce prohibitive duties (20%) on the import of finished products (the unfortunate "factor of national security")
Why the "quiet revolution" bypasses the CIS? Maybe someone up there, and the truth knows not only the correct explanation of the circumstances of our hopelessness, and a real way out of vegetating on the sidelines of the future world civilization.
http://www.bea.gov/international/index.htm # bop