According to the British newspaper Guardian, Egypt’s interim government blamed the attempt to revive the secret services, who operated in the country under President Hosni Mubarak. The reason for the charges was the statement by the Minister of Interior to re-establish some police units disbanded after the revolution in 2011.
Mubahath Amn ad-Dawla (State Security General Directorate of Investigation), a division of the police mubarakovskih times and a sign of repression, was closed in March 2011, together with several departments, to investigate the activities of Islamist groups and the opposition. Instead it appeared brand new State Security Service.
But on Saturday, Interior Minister Mohammed Ibrahim said the restoration of the former divisions after fierce protests oppression Mursi supporters of the ousted president. (As a result, riots killed 83 people). He also said that experienced officers who were dismissed after the revolution, will return to service. These words came a few hours before the interim prime minister of Egypt have given the possibility of introducing a state of emergency — corresponding feature of Mubarak’s rule.
Local human rights activists protested against such decision, recalling that these units were particularly known for their lawlessness, extrajudicial killings and torture of prisoners, they dealt specifically with Islamists in the 90s.
Main Directorate of State Security Investigations (Mabahith Amn ad-Dawla) play a key role in the field of national security within the country. Management, in which there were about 100 thousand people, the main institutions involved in collecting info and keeping order in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Egypt. The responsibilities of management and monitoring activities came Islamist groups and other opposition organizations, there is also the introduction of agents.
The human rights organization Human Rights Watch noted in its own report for 2007 that the General Directorate of State Security Investigations practice especially brutally tortured prisoners and denies its own in the top right. In the world and in Egypt it was believed that this service is intended to protect the political regime dictator Mubarak though by what means.
In March 2011, protesters broke into the building management throughout the country and seized documents that showed the sins of service. However, by this time some of the documents have already killed, but those that remained, confirmed the accusations of torture and political surveillance of citizens. March 15, 2011 management dismissed.