February 8, 2013 2:46
Evidence of the close relationship of the ancient cultures? the great Egyptian and Meroitic kingdom? discovered in northern Sudan. In dry Nubian Desert, archaeologists have unearthed 35 pyramids, built around two thousand years ago.
Since 2009, the experts of the French branch of the Sudan Antiquities (French Section of the Directorate on Antiquities of Sudan) are studying an unusual necropolis of ancient African civilization Cush, Egypt's southern neighbor.
On the history of the country or the Meroitic kingdom of Kush know less than the homeland of the great pyramids, but historians do not doubt: Egypt has had a huge impact on the culture of Cushites.
Necropolis, discovered in a place called Sedeinga, is a group of small pyramids, tombs, located unusually close to each other. Archaeologists were surprised by the results of excavations in 2011 on an area of 500 square meters was found 13 stone buildings.
"The density of the pyramids a long lifetime due to the cemetery: the process of erection lasted for hundreds of years, and when there are very few places, burials were carried out in the existing voids between buildings," — says anthropologist Fransigni Vincent (Vincent Francigny) from the American Museum of Natural History.
It is interesting that the size of the tombs varies. Thus, the width of the base of the largest is 7 meters, and the smallest, presumably destined for the child? only 75 centimeters.
On one of the graves was discovered plaque. The inscription on the Meroitic language on the label contains an appeal to Osiris and his wife and sister, Isis, on behalf of a certain woman named Aba la requesting give her water and bread.
In general, the influence of Egypt observed in the character building of tombs: they are a kind of synthesis of the Egyptian pyramids, and presumably the local way of raising mounds? tumulusov.
Moreover, in one of the pyramids inner circular masonry entirely of brick. Cushites have previously found only one such building.
With regard to external decorative pyramids, she almost lost it. Specialists say that the tombs were covered with decorative stones, and tops were decorated with images of the sun globe, birds and lotus flowers.
By the time the pyramids got archaeologists, many burial chambers were looted, maintaining to this day the only treasure — human remains.