November 2, 2011 18:29
Long before invented electromagnetic radar, existed on earth people who can see a great distance at sea sailing ships. It is still unknown — they had the gift of clairvoyance, or just use their knowledge of the laws of nature. One of these "live radar" — a Frenchman Etienne Botin achieved worldwide fame.
Etienne Botin was born in the province of Anjou. In 1762, he joined the French Navy, where he dragged atmospheric observations. Then Etienne had the idea that approaching vehicles can cause certain atmospheric phenomena.
In 1764, Botin was appointed engineer in Port Louis — the capital of Mauritius, who became a French colony (then it was called Ile-de-France.) By the island in the Indian Ocean is often floated by foreign vessels. On Mount Shinya was equipped observation post from which to watch the telescope surveyed the horizon.
Botin but could not predict the arrival of the vessel for a few days before his appearance! And the French "guess" even nationality ship.
Soon, the "talent" engineer found a fairly wide range of people: Botin often concluded with the French officers betting — when the island will suit a particular ship, and almost always won! Hoping to extract from its ability to benefit, engineers turned to offer cooperation to the then Governor of Ile-de-France Le Brillenu. But he only laughed in response. Besides, Etienne had enough enemies of those who lost his bet. One of them, named Dyupern, provoked a quarrel. Complaint was filed with the governor and the one using the convenient excuse, Botin sent to Madagascar, where he nearly died of starvation.
But it took quite a bit of time — and it fortunate. Le Brill died, and the new governor Souillac allowed engineers to return from exile. It seems that the lesson learned in vain — instead of quietly drag his days on the island, Botin in 1780 wrote a letter to the Minister of the French Navy, Marshal de Castries. In the letter he told me about his abilities, and requested support.
Marshal seemed interested. In any case, he instructed the governor Souillac to have a special magazine and writes the results of checks "predictions" Botin.
There Souillac letter addressed to de Castries and dated 1782 year. It is confirmed that the engineer is able to determine the place of the courts for 300, 450 and even 600 nautical miles from the island. According to the governor, Etienne Botin 15 years regularly predicts the courts in the Ile-de-France for 3-4 days before they came into the view of observers. In particular, from 1778 to 1782, he reported on 575 ships, which were to come to the island.
In addition, at the hands of Botin had a certificate issued November 16, 1780, Colonel Tabondom, Chief of Engineers, Ile-de-France. It certifies that the engineer Botin in different time notify it in advance of the arrival to the island more than 100 vessels. Commissioner General of the Navy in Port Louis also issued "seer," a written statement that for six months he foresaw the emergence of 109 vessels, a double mistake.
With these documents in hand Botin in 1784 went to France to continue observation. He made a voyage on the ship "Fier". On the way, "magician" has repeatedly helped the captain, reporting on shoals, reefs and the English courts, a meeting which was not desirable for the French.
But on the mainland Etienne began to pursue failure. When he arrived in Paris, Marshal de Castries has refused even to accept it, and the press immediately announced a charlatan and a crook. Apparently, detractors Botin familiar with him on Ile-de-France, did the dirty deed. The same hostile reception expected engineer in England.
However, the identity of Botin aroused the interest of many. In Parisian archives contain whole dossier on him. Among other documents — an explanatory note in which the French engineer claims that his "gift" not supernatural — he only managed to make a scientific discovery. However, he did not want to divulge the secret of opening up until he finds a worthy reward.
Alas, the "know-how" Botin has not been appreciated — either during his lifetime or after his death. Before dying, he uttered the following words: "The world would probably be a while deprived of discovery, which would do honor to the XVIII century."