Present and the future of U.S. nuclear forces

Present and the future of U.S. nuclear forces
First, in October the U.S. Department of Municipal published quantitative information as a strategic nuclear forces and the United States. This information is published in accordance with the START-3 contract and are intended to inform the general public about the reduction of nuclear weapons and their carriers. A close examination of the South American nuclear potential in the light of available disk imaging can make some conclusions. Data in the public domain they say that at its number of nuclear weapons the United States ahead of Russian. With all this likely some difficulties in high regard. Because Washington is special applets designed to eliminate the difficulties.

According to the State Department, at the present time in the United States deployed 809 carriers of nuclear weapons available in 1015. In 1688 are combat ready warheads. For comparison, in Russia are on duty carrier 473 of 894 available, which carry 1,400 warheads. In accordance with the existing agreement, the START-3 by 2018 both countries should reduce their nuclear forces to follow characteristics: in service must be 800 carriers of nuclear weapons, 700 of which can be deployed at the same time, and the total number of nuclear warheads ready for use without should exceed 1,550 units.

As is clear from the information available in the next few years the United States will have to write off and dispose of a sufficiently large number of nuclear weapons, aircraft and missiles. In this case such a reduction should really knock on the means of delivery: 2018 U.S. will be required to decommission about 20% of the available vehicles for nuclear weapons. Reducing the number of nuclear weapons, in turn, will go to the least extent.

In recent years, there is often information about the actual status of U.S. nuclear forces. Various sources of information supplied in the successful vein itself, criticizing or praising the situation. Yet, in some kinds of observed state nuclear triad U.S. least raises questions. According to reports, over the past 15-20 years, the United States have neither the 1st new nuclear warhead that can be suitably affect the ability of missiles and bombers, as these products may lose their properties during prolonged storage. You also need to keep in mind that after the collapse of the Union of Russian and termination Cool War South American military and designers did not pay tribute to the development of new media attention to nuclear weapons. Moreover, the construction of major U.S. strategic bombers Boeing B-52 Stratofortress ended half a century back, and new aircraft Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit were built by a series of just 21 units (one aircraft lost during the operation). So Makar, to draw conclusions about the need to re-equip the U.S. nuclear forces.

It should be noted that the South American management has long realized this and in 2001 launched a project of reorganization of nuclear forces. According to the plans since the nuclear triad became part of the modern structure, which also included Conventional weapons, applicable to strategic objectives, adequate means of communication and control, etc. The main purpose of these transformations was to provide the greatest flexibility implementing strategic offensive forces. In other words, nuclear weapons included in the system, whose task is not only strategic deterrence, and certain tasks in the criteria conflict.

At the beginning of the transformation strategic nuclear forces of the United States has quite a huge number of warheads and their carriers. In accordance with the force at the time the contract START-1, armed with U.S. carriers in 1238 and consisted almost 6,000 nuclear warheads. Today’s contract START-3 has a much more rigid framework. Thus, the allowable number of deployed warheads, about four times less than the contract allowed the START-1. In this regard, in the past 12 years South American commanders had to decide exactly how and by what component of the nuclear triad spending reductions.

Exercising their right to independently solve quantitative problems and high status of nuclear forces, the United States has led, as it will look their nuclear shield in 2018. According to reports, the main means of delivery remain ballistic missiles deployed in silos installations. By timeline U.S. want to quit on duty 400 products model LGM-30G Minuteman-III. 12 strategic submarines will carry Ohio 240 missile UGM-133A Trident-II. Meant to reduce their ammunition from 24 to 20 missiles. Eventually, as part of an aviation unit of the nuclear triad will remain 44 B-52H bombers and 16 B-2. The result will be immediately deployed 700 carriers.

To achieve the full amount of the allowed threshold carrier means comprise 20 silo launchers in working condition, but without missiles, also close the remaining 30 mines. In addition, the reserve will remain two Ohio-class submarines and 36 aircraft. Ultimately, the total amount of media strategic nuclear weapons will be 795-800 units.

Available information allows read that the U.S. is ready to fulfill its own obligations under START-3, at least in terms of number of nuclear warheads and their carriers. With regard to the implementation strategy, the current time in the military administration of the United States is preparing relevant documents and proposals. In the near future the U.S. will remain the objectives of preventing the spread of nuclear weapons and terrorism with its use. In addition, the sealing system of checks possible enemies, the United States wants to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in the defense of the country. Immediately this requires reducing the number of warheads and delivery vehicles, to ensure safe operation of existing systems.

Questions regarding the ability of weapons and equipment, meant to solve in a few steps with the help of a number of new projects. Thus, in the current time on the basis of existing nuclear bombs, a new family of B61 B61-12 ammo. Guided bombs will have an adjustable output from 0.3 to 45 kt due to the use of existing warhead bomb B61-4. Also in a new munition meant to apply certain technical solutions of the project controlled bomb JDAM. Ultimately, the U.S. will receive a new nuclear weapon low power features with the highest accuracy. Issue B61-12 bombs about to begin in 2019.

Present and the future of U.S. nuclear forces

Warehouse family B61 nuclear bombs

In the upcoming U.S. plans to extend the life of warheads within applets LEP. Currently, meant that during the execution of this project will be upgraded 6 types of warheads, two for each component of the nuclear triad. Information about the details of programs from LEP missing. Perhaps one of the reasons for this is the fact that the main work on the project will be launched only in the following decade.

U.S. plans regarding promising carriers of nuclear weapons are vague and not fully understood. Currently, it is safe to read only a few of them. So, to replace existing aircraft B-52 and B-2 strategic bomber should come NGB (Next-Generation Bomber — «Bomber next generation»). It is expected that these aircraft will start arriving in the part of the Air Force United States in the late 20s. Properties promising aircraft is not yet known, as the last of its kind, by definition. This step of the project should be completed within the next few years. Of previously allocated disk imaging that NGB bomber on its characteristics will be similar to that used currently B-2, but the developer is required to minimize the cost of the finished machine.

Present and the future of U.S. nuclear forces

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress and B-2

About the same time with the bombers NGB adopted American army should come brand new long-range cruise missile LRSO. This ammunition should come to replace missiles AGM-86B ALCM and AGM-129A ACM. Since December last year, several companies are developing their own versions of the preparatory project. Recently, the Pentagon will make out exhibited projects and elect a company that will get the contract to build this project missiles LRSO.

Marine component of the nuclear triad in the future to receive new submarines, created by programmke Ohio Replacement Submarine. Earlier this project was designated as SSBN (X). Full development of the project will start in a couple of years, and while experts at naval and shipbuilding work on view promising ballistic missile submarines. It is understood that any of the new boats will be available at the property type submarine Ohio, but for all that their operation will be cheaper. Ammunition new submarines planned to reduce up to 16 missiles. Information on the development of new American ballistic missile submarines to absent, from which we can conclude about arming promising technology. At least during the first years of service submarine Ohio Replacement will carry and use missiles Trident-II.

Present and the future of U.S. nuclear forces

The launch Trident-II

It is evident that the U.S. understands the consequences of steps taken by the two decades back and caused the disappearance of the head of the enemy. In general, satisfactory state of strategic nuclear forces persists to this day, but some of their features, first a technical character, do not allow for positive forecasts even the coming future. Because of this, the United States needs to solve two issues at once. First of them is associated with retrofitting nuclear triad. To address this issue, create new projects airplanes, submarines and missiles of various purpose, which should be forthcoming change existing equipment and armaments.

Second question facing South American command, as regards quantitative and, as a consequence, organizational features of nuclear forces. Over the past 10-12 years, the U.S. almost quadrupled reduce the number of deployed nuclear warheads. Without any additional measures such reduction could badly affect the ability of the U.S. nuclear triad. In recent years there have been some steps in the reorganization of the strategic forces that allegedly assist preserve their potential. In the upcoming, based on the requirements of the contract EHV-3 and likely new agreements of this kind, the United States will hold regular reorganization to meet new requirements.

As we see, the official Washington sees current problems and has a plan to solve them. It should be noted that some points of this plan will be made only after a couple of years, because of what the whole is like an overarching program from calculated on the coming and distant future. How effective will the planned action programm — time will tell.

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