Perceived as government-imposed restrictions on the export of natural persons outside the Customs Union of certain goods and food products those manufacturers whose products are subjected to a ban? Representatives of the companies say that their work is not affected.
In the list of banned for export on the Customs Union, in this case — from Russia and Kazakhstan — refrigerators Minsk factory "Atlas", gas stoves "Gefest" Brest "Brestgazoapparat" detergents Baranavichy "Barhima" building materials cement plants, cereals, macaroni. A number of products in excess of norms of export subject to a special fee of the cost of their double: it concerns the pork and poultry meat, sugar, flour, cheese, tobacco.
Thus, explain the state experts, tasked to prevent the occurrence of shortages, saying that trying to make, Belorussians will take out of the country all socially significant products and other goods. And this despite the fact that the economic logic just focus on something else: to sell possible more, earning money for businesses.
But, says head of the production department of the plant "Atlas" Alexander Marotka, the majority of enterprises in the context of a planned economy can not produce more, even much "pull their socks up":
"All our logic is that we have all of the activities, events strictly planned in advance for the current period of time — a year, a quarter or a month. And our plans are carried out at 100%. More than we produce today, at the same time — take natuzhytstsa and to make — we can not. And so many sites are working in three shifts: refrigerator factory produces 5000 units sold per day, and the factory washing machines — 1100. So we sold all shares in Russian uniform, in the Ukraine, Kazakhstan and the countries of the region etc. Of course, I would like today to produce twice as much to put in Ukraine or Russia, to earn foreign currency. But we produce, how much to produce. Even every day, with the heat and the operation of the equipment, something to increase by 50 or 100 refrigerators or freezers — is problematic. "
Production of the majority of Belarusian enterprises can not compete with the world-famous brands, so outside the country is simply not competitive. As they say some employers, while the export of these products is not imposed restrictions, people are slowly selling refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens in the same Poland. Thanks to the dumping of Poles managed to persuade the Belarusian products, but with the recent rise in prices as a result of the devaluation of the price for it and imported counterparts became close again.
Assistant director of the plant, "Brestgazoapparat" Sergei Telepushkina says that the economic interests of the company will not be affected by the ban on the export of gas stoves individuals. On He said, through dealers established sustainable product sales in Russia and Ukraine, so the individual attempts to sell the same equipment in Poland will not be reflected on the situation:
"We have a completely different system of sales boards. Existing dealer network, contracts with them, and we ship products directly to their dealers. Besides, our main customer — is Russian, 70% of our production goes to Russia. And on this Customs Union restriction does not apply. Therefore, no new conditions, we do not notice. fact concerning restrictive measures in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Ukraine. Domestic we also have a network of dealers, so absolutely no consequences. We even under the hype of additional capacity has never been used: in We planned production, there is no shortage in the market. interest we shipped to Belarus and other CIS countries, fulfill them, and no questions asked. "
Limited to export from Belarus and the production of the agricultural sector — pasta, cereals, canned meat, etc. And this despite the fact that the country's leadership is constantly states the necessity of product expansion.
But while the state-owned enterprises have not learned how to sell their products on Russia, voluntary salesman became the Belarusians. Economist Vladimir Kulazhenko says that the total control of the state does not contribute to the expansion of the geography of the Belarusian presence in the world:
"For example, agriculture, agrarian reform without any radical changes will not do. See what comes out. Somewhere 52 trillion rubles has already eaten this collective and state farms. However, the authorities recognize the figure slightly lower, only 32 billion rubles. Anyway this is a terrible figure, a huge amount of loss. And so on all sectors, even to dig deep and do not. Therefore, the state-owned enterprises with their still Soviet psychology should not expect anything. "
According to witnesses, after putting restrictions queues at borders have virtually disappeared. Accordingly, the conventional ways of earning thousands of deprived citizens of Belarus who still survived that carried in the border areas of industrial illiquid or low-cost products.