In Lithuania celebrated the 70th anniversary of the mass deportation of the inhabitants of the Republic — in June 1941, thousands of people were deported to Siberia and other remote regions of the USSR. Most of them were killed.
Day of Mourning and Hope — the so-called in Lithuania June 14, recalling the tragic period of history when, in 1941, the country had been exiled people who are the pride of the nation's doctors, teachers, engineers, priests. Stalin believed that in case of a possible war western frontiers of the Soviet Union should be strengthened by isolating "unreliable elements". After the ultimatum inclusion in 1940 of the three Baltic republics of the Soviet Union USSR disloyal here were many.
June 14, 1941 in cattle cars from Lithuania were taken first families — 17.5 thousand people. In all the years of repression in Siberia and other remote areas were around 150 thousand inhabitants of the country. Many of them died from cold, hunger and hard work. According to some estimates, in the Soviet period as a result of links, executions, imprisonment and exile three millionth Lithuania lost a third of the population.
In the 70 th anniversary of the tragic events of the Republic President Dalia Grybauskaite said that Lithuania can be proud of what has remained a free country where people are free to decide how to live. "No one was able to destroy us, our people have managed to survive, always keeping in the heart of the memory of the country," — said the president of the country.
Lithuanians Dangire Berezovsky — Now the pensioner — managed to stay alive and in adulthood to return from Siberia in Vilnius. She was taken away from his family in 1941 year-old girl. This, she told our reporter:
— We landed right on the shore of the Laptev Sea, where there was nothing but three yurts locals — Yakut. Here they are and helped us survive. Many of those with whom we came, did not survive, and I saw people dying — who typhus, who because of something else. I remember how people were going to have prayed for the dead, the living. No one has forgotten their faith, although gold-plated crosses all of us, even the children, even in Lithuania took off those who conducted the search.
— You meet with someone from those who had been deported along with you?
— Going through hunger, difficulties, people become closer, sympathize with each other. God gave me real friends — that Russian and Tatars, Germans, Jews, and Yakuts, Ukrainians and Belarusians. I feel like the man of the Earth, really! All my friends of different nationalities, I'm very fond of them, and they got me too. But those Lithuanians, with whom we lived in exile, which literally divided the last piece of bread, the ones with our "laptsevtsav" who survived — they are the closest.
Today, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of exiles sent to Siberia on their own to take care of the graves there compatriots. Soon youth expedition "Mission Siberia" will go to the Russian Tomsk and Tajikistan. According to the decision of the Seimas of Lithuania in 2011 declared the Year of protection in the country of freedom and victims of totalitarian regimes. It includes the unveiling of monuments, conferences, meetings of scientists from different countries of the expedition, the presentation of books, exhibitions, and concerts. "The program is so, — said the head of the Parliamentary Committee on National Security and Defence Arvydas Anushavskas, — not to forget any one person, which has become a its time victim of totalitarianism. Whatever nationality he may be. "
Date June 14, 1941 and is directly related to the Belarusian history, for then from Vilnius, which for two years before he was considered the capital of western Belarus, and even earlier — all over the country, and of the Vilnius region were transported many thousands of members of the Belarusian intellectuals and ordinary Belarusians .