It is this question became one of the most difficult for the Obama administration appear after the number of debates surrounding the contract on the reduction of strategic nuclear weapons in the Senate.
Public opinion in the debate on START was not taken into account (polls showed a huge degree of support for the people of the contract), but question that is capable of President Obama as needed to conduct an aggressive interaction with Moscow, it is still not once was rising: it was clear that in the campaign of 2012 the Republicans will raise it very intensely.
Last week, talking to reporters, one employee of the State Department apparently tried to dispel the hope of success in the development of frisky issue with tactical weapons.
"No one should think that realize … how come January, so a descent [we] and go, as we have so much still made in this regard, and in Russian, I am sure, too, — said Deputy Secretary of State Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance Rose Gottemiller (Rose Gottemoeller). — For all the great talks needed preliminary work and careful consideration. "
She said the State Department will have to work with the Ministries of Defense and Energy, "to set the input for subsequent negotiations."
But Republican Senator Jim Risch (Jim Risch) (Idaho), unsuccessfully tried to add to the text of the preamble to the START word about the tactical weapons, put it this way:
"I hope and I urge the fact that the President, the State Department and all other intrigued parties engaged in this issue decisively and swiftly, as with all contract will be finished."
According to Risch, Russian tactical weapons around 3,800 units, while in the South American arsenal — the least 500.
"We're not going to pretend that prepyadstviya not exist and ignore it — he said. — At their advantage before us in this matter. And all agree with that. "
According to the agreement signed in 1991 between U.S. President George HW Bush and Russian President Gorbachev Misha (sic — approx. Lane.), Both countries had to pack up all your tactical weapons in central locations and kill all nuclear artillery, all explosive mines and all short-range missile warheads. But the verification of compliance with the criterion of the contract was not foreseen, and none of these criteria are not fulfilled.
Riesch, like some other Republicans, indicate that the size of the army RF decreased, and now the generals in Moscow is more concentrated on tactical nuclear weapons.
"They are constantly doing … New projects, new technologies, design and build these tactical weapons than continue to worsen the gap — said Riesch. — Some military specialists from RF write about the use of very low-yield nuclear "scalpel" to defeat the forces of NATO. "
GOP Sen. Jon Kyl (Ariz.), who led the debate at a fraction against ratification, also spoke about the tactical weapons:
"I can not imagine anyone arguing with this: we reduce their strategic offensive arms and the number of tactical weapons is becoming an increasingly and more than an important role, especially as this between the Russian and the rest, there is a big difference."
President RF Dmitry Medvedev has repeatedly threatened to shift tactical missile to the west in response to U.S. plans to counter Iran position in Eastern Europe missile defense system.
For example, not so long ago, having driven all over Europe concerned about the appearance of reports of contraction Russian tactical nuclear weapons to the borders of NATO. On of last week's debate on the treaty in the Senate, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Defense Secretary Robert Gates were required to write an explanatory letter to Republican senators (Maine), Susan Collins (Susan Collins), in which stated that the terrain RF near the border with Estonia are no short-range ballistic missiles do not possess. They also wrote that Moscow has previously stated its intention to locate there new short-range missiles SS-26.
Recognizing the level of anxiety caused by similar actions, Clinton and Gates wrote:
"Although this action does not change the balance of power in either Europe or the strategic balance between the U.S. and Russia, the United States gave to understand that we believe that our homeland should actively focus its tactical nuclear weapons on a small number of trusted sites in the central parts of its territory."
Comments that our homeland should move their tactical weapons to the east, away from the boundaries RF with NATO, remembers the first Sat in the list of obstacles in future negotiations with Moscow on arms.
As said last week, talking to reporters, Gottemiller: — "Anyone who has watched the events of the past few years knows that the Russian Federation is a kind of … Well, the exact criteria, without which they will not engage in talks of tactical nuclear missiles, they wish that all nuclear weapons are placed on the ground NATO, in other words on the European NATO country, removed back in the U.S., and only if our homeland (and this is their davneshnee requirement, it is still a Russian time) — only Our home will then consider the option of the negotiations in this area. "