Hitler's pet project, the largest by weight of a tank that has ever been implemented in the metal (188-ton combat weight), "Mouse" (also known as the Porsche 205 or the Panzerkampfwagen VIII Maus) was designed and built by Ferdinand Porsche.
The history of the tank, you can start with the meeting, which Hitler spent years 07/08/1942. The meeting was attended by Dr. F.Porshe and A.Shpeer, and asked them what the Führer to begin work on the "breakthrough tank" with armored protection and most likely that would have been armed with a gun with a caliber of 150 mm. or 128mm.
In the development of the tank immediately participated several companies: the tower and the body producing company "Krupp", for the propulsion system meets "Daimler-Benz" and "Siemens" make elements of the box. The build of the tank was carried out at the company's "Alkett."
The tank was filled to the highest, for its time, technological level. For example, it has been used mnogokatkovaya undercarriage and track width of 1.1 meters. This design ensures the machine chassis ground pressure which does not exceed the very characteristics of serial languid tanks. One of the main features of the tank was dvuhpushechnoe weapons, armor and powerful radial-independent electro-mechanical box for the left and right tracks.
The crew consisted of five people: three in the tower, and two in the front, in the department of management.
May 14, 1943 Hitler was presented a full-size mock wood "Mouse."
In December 1943, the navigation tests done first model of the tank, which was equipped engine designed brand CF 509 Office "Daimler-Benz" and wood tower. After completely satisfactory results running tests on the machine was installed a set of internal equipment and the real tower of artillery fire. Another layout was equipped diesel engine, 517 MB of "Daimler-Benz". But it turned out that he is capricious and unreliable in operation.
The "Mouse", which developed by Ferdinand Porsche, was only partly implemented in August 1944. It was built two prototype standard tank "Maus" (205/2 and 205/1).
All work on the production of 10 production vehicles were stopped at the end of 1944 on the personal instructions of Hitler. In Germany, there was an acute shortage of production capacity and raw materials for the production of the main types of weapons.
Introduction of combat tanks "Maus" is not found. Seasoned standards Germans were blown up at the approach of the Red Army. April 21, 1945 in the area w / station Kumersdorfe our troops had captured half destroyed tank 205/2.
In 1945, part of the tanks were shipped to g.Shtetin, they were later evacuated by ferry to the city of Leningrad and later in Kubinka on a tank training ground. In Kubinka of the details that have been preserved, was built a single tank. In 1951-52 this tank was tested by fire artpoligone.
At the current time the tank "Maus" is an exhibit of the Kubinka at the Museum of Armored Forces and consists of a tower 205/2 and case 205/1.
Ordering of super-heavy tank
Combat weight of 188 t
The layout of the front office management, the engine in the middle, fighting back
The crew of 5 people.
Year of manufacture 1942-1945
The number of issued, pieces. 2 (a hundred percent constructed) + 9 (plant in various stages of completion)
The main operators
Length with gun forward, mm 10200
Housing width, 3630 mm
Height, mm 3710
Ground clearance, mm 500
Type your cast iron and rolled surface hardened
Forehead housing (top), mm / deg. 200/52 °
Forehead body (bottom) mm / deg. 200/35 °
Board housing (top), mm / deg. 185/0 °
Housing board (bottom) mm / deg. 105 80/0 °
Feed the body (top), mm / deg. 160/38 °
Feed the body (bottom), mm / deg. 160/30 °
Bottom, 55-105 mm
The roof of the body, 50-105 mm
Forehead tower mm / deg. 240
Mask tool, mm / deg. 100-220
Board tower mm / deg. 210/30 °
Feed towers mm / deg. 210/15 °
The roof of the tower, 65 mm
The caliber and brand of 128-mm gun KwK.44 L/55,
75mm KwK40 L/36
Type rifled cannon
Barrel length, caliber 55 to 128 mm,
36.6 to 75 mm
Gun ammunition 61 × 128 mm,
200 × 75 mm
Angles HV degrees. -7 … +23
Periscope sights TWZF
Guns 1 × 7,92-mm
Engine type V-shaped
12-cylinder petrol turbocharged liquid-cooled
Motor power, l. s. 1080 (first instance) or 1250 (second copy)
Speed, km / h 20
In store down the highway, 186 km
Specific power, l. s. / t 5.7 (first instance) or 6.6 (second instance)
Suspension interlocked in pairs on vertical springs
Ground pressure, kg / cm ² 1,6