One of the largest military-industrial holdings of the world — JSC "Scientific and Production Company" Uralvagonzavod "- in throughout their history was famous for its high scientific and technical potential. Innovative design Uralvagonzavod in the line of construction equipment had an unparalleled impact on the self-importance to the history of Russia and the development of world arms .
The company "Uralvagonzavod" to the real-time voedinyzhdy joins in its structure almost 30 industrial companies, research institutes and design bureaus located in the 5 federal around Russia and abroad. Release of technology and the creation of military purpose — to lead the direction of its activities. It is reasonable that specifically Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil in 2007 joined by his naming of the enterprise, more than a decade working in the field of creation of weapons, recognized developers and manufacturers of products for the military. Specifically, based on it in 1941, was created by Ural tank factory with an assembly whose flow daily to the front left echelon "tridtsatchetverok" — the famous battle machine, which still remains a masterpiece of design ideas and inspiration for imitation tank builders around the world. Neither tank factory in the world, either before or after the war did not reach such performance. A total of seven decades of its own tank stories Nizhny Tagil plant produced about 100 thousand units of special equipment — and it's an absolute world record!
The relevant features of combat vehicles manufacturing Uralvagonzavod has always been the highest performance, reliability and simplicity, low cost and inherent in the modernization of their significant potential. World famous tanks T-54, T-72, T-90 and others were and are unique in many ways and has been extensively exploited in the armies of many countries. ARV-1M-3M BIS, IMR-3M, MTU-72 — Engineering machine brand Uralvagonzavod have not the least effective. A fire support combat vehicle (BMPT) is a new prototype weapons, has the highest level of protection, firepower and maneuverability. For his unique tactical and technical characteristics and firepower fighting vehicle fire support military spices called 'Terminator'.
A special place among the products Uralvagonzavod tank now occupies a modernized T-90 cm. This machine is, of course, is a further step in the development of the Russian tank development. Modernization has touched all the complex features of the T-90S and is allowed to significantly increase its combat and operational properties. T-90cm confidently exceed their predecessors on the main determining combat effectiveness indicators. This is, first, fundamentally increased the ability of fire damage, the highest protection from anti-tank weapons of the majority, reliable life-support system and improved mobility.
All tanks and engineering vehicles produced by Uralvagonzavod, developed in the Joint Stock Company "Ural Transport Engineering Design Bureau" (UKBTM). It comes in an integrated structure of the company and has a highly qualified staff, strong design and manufacturing capabilities, and advanced technology in the design of high-tech products.
At the current time in UKBTM underway to develop a new combat vehicle. Already by 2015 Uralvagonzavod plan to change the entire tank lineup. Will be created universal combat platform, which will accommodate all types of weapons associated with tracked vehicles: a main battle tank, armored, infantry fighting vehicles, and combat-support machine.
During the Russian war majestically T-34 tanks were made not only in Nizhny Tagil, and many other Russian factories. One of the biggest producers of "tridtsatchetverok" for the front is the Omsk plant, now a member of the Uralvagonzavod — Open Joint Stock Company "Design Bureau of Transport Machine Building" (KBTM). Thanks to the experience accumulated in the war experience, this company has also become one of the country's leading manufacturers of equipment: on the orders of the Ministry of Defence Omsk spices were made T-80 tank, the machine radiation, chemical, bio-security and other equipment. Value development of Omsk designers protected by more than 400 patents for industrial supplies and 1,200 inventor's certificates. One of the most promising products KBTM is languid flamethrower system TOS-1, which affects the target at a distance of 6 km and is designed to engage the enemy influence of pressure differences.
At the current time in its activities to establish the scientific and technological potential for the development of promising armored vehicles of "design bureau" conducts the policy of gradual improvement of technological components of military tracked vehicles and continuity of the existing progressive design solutions. Specialists enterprise forms the scientific and technical cooperation of developers and manufacturers on new types of armament, protection and mobility for combat vehicles of the future.
The best combat equipment
Not only tanks now famous Uralvagonzavod. The company offers a wide range of modern army military products. Create artillery weapons in the division machinery are two Yekaterinburg company — JSC "Uraltransmash" and "Plant number 9", and the Central Research Institute "Petrel" in Nizhny Novgorod.
122-mm howitzer D-30 with a radial firing
Uraltransmash — one of the oldest Russian companies. It traces its history back to 1817, but the release of military vehicles at the plant began in the war. For more than 60 years now created or upgraded around 40 models of
military equipment. More than 20 military artillery and engineering goods to arsenal Russian and Russian armies and mass-produced or made in his workshops. Currently Uraltransmash — the only Russian plant, where they create a self-propelled artillery, widely known both in Russia and in other countries. Significant step in the development of Russian self-propelled artillery was the creation in 1989 of self-propelled howitzer 2S19 "MSTA-S", which is overshadowed by its tactical and technical features many zabugornye counterparts.
One of the leading companies in the military-industrial complex of the country since the war is majestically Russian plant number 9. Specifically, it was made 122-mm howitzer 2A31 and 152-mm howitzer 2A33 for the first Russian self-propelled howitzers 2S1 "Carnation" and 2S3 "Acacia", is best-known as a tool, as a 122-mm howitzer D-30 with a radial fire. Its modification — 122 mm howitzer D-30A — one of the most common in the world: about 3600 of its units located in 35 countries of the far abroad countries, not including the CIS countries. One of the newest products enterprise in Ekaterinburg — howitzer 2A61, which is classified as a regimental and developed on a modified trehstannom carriage 122-mm howitzer D-30.
And, of course, plant number 9 — one of the favorites of Russian development and production of cannon artillery for all tanks that make up the base of the modern Armed Forces. Tank T-90 is armed with 125-mm guns of D-81 development "Nine."
The team Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute "Petrel", made in the 70 years of the last century as a parent company for barreled artillery weapons the Army and Navy, during his own glorious work performed more than 400 R & D, and presented a number of samples of the ship, field artillery, mortars, and the maintenance and support of artillery weapons. At the current time, experts at Central Research Institute are working to develop a promising inter-service 152-mm artillery complex, which will be the basis of Russian army artillery weapons in the next decade.
JSC "Rubtsovsky Engineering Works" is engaged in the design and development of special machines. For half a century, has been designed and mastered the ready more than 70 kinds of various types of machines and products. Now RMP produces more than 15 types of military products. The best known are: the commander's combat reconnaissance vehicle BRM-ZK "Lynx" based on the BMP-3, with the creation of which is the collective Rubtsovsko professionals received an award of the Government of the Russian Federation, and a movable item reconnaissance PRP-4MU. It is created based on the BMP-1 and is designed for reconnaissance motionless and moving ground targets day or NIGHT MODE and in all weather criteria and a wide temperature range up to 3000 m above sea level. Machine of the latest generation of mobile reconnaissance is a mobile reconnaissance item PRP-4A.
In addition, now part of "Uralvagonzavod" comes one of the largest developers and manufacturers of electrical equipment and automatic control systems of special and general purpose in Russia — JSC "Scientific and Production Association" Electric Motor ". Chelyabinsk development company established on such machines recognizable as the T-55, BMP-1 and BMP-2, T-72, T-80, BMP-3, T-90S tanks. In all there are over 300 items, which successfully used in armored vehicles in service in more than 50 countries. This fire control systems and their components, opto-electronic systems of oppression and setting screens, fire fighting equipment, and air conditioning systems and autonomous energy saving electric drives, motors, starters, and much more.
Scientific and Production Company "Uralvagonzavod" contains the most recognized designers and manufacturers of military products. It is a technique that does not once glorified the Russian industry and the country, not just to substantiate its power, reliability and quality of products. Taking into account the structure of modern machinery division Uralvagonzavod, scientific and technical potential of its members, it is clear that the company will become one of the major tasks for implementing the government re-Russian army under the Federal motivated applets "The development of the military-industrial complex of Russian Federation for the period up to 2020 ", which sells it and justify the confidence of the country.