What people know about wolves? The fact that they are fierce and dangerous, treacherous and insidious. That they must be destroyed. So think about wolves, those of them who does not know anything. In fact, wolves rarely attack people. Like all predators, they hunt, what would feed themselves and live their lives, trying to stay away from people.
I suggest you lift the veil of secrecy and plunge into the mysterious world — the world of the Wolf.
Wolves live on Earth for more than a million years. They took place from carnivorous predators that lived 100 million years ago, and about 20 million years ago, the wolf took the dog.
Rhode wolves (Lupus) combines wolves, coyotes, jackals, wild and domestic dogs — the largest of the family of wolves. In addition, this family includes all the foxes, foxes, raccoon dog and maned wolf. Like dogs, wolves are very docile and easy to learn. Besides, the special nature of each wolf: is cautious, bold and confident, they stay in wolf society freely and easily, while others can not see and can not hear.
Wolves live in the mountains, forests and plains of the Northern Hemisphere. Like all living things, they say biologists, take in the wild ecological niche. In the territories of the dwelling wolves are very much of the size of the group of predators that prey on large mammals.
Wolf — big? "Large", — not very suitable for the determination of the wolf. Usually wolf male weighs about 50 pounds, she-wolf — 5 pounds less. Their height at the withers — about 75 centimeters, and the length of the nose so the tip of the tail is 1.5 — 2 meters.
Wolves — social animals: they live in families. In every pack has a "roster", and everyone in it has its place. Strong and aggressive wolves bosses, and those who need a steady hand to obey them. Wolf pack — a group of animals related by kinship and mutual sympathy, — led by a wolf and a wolf. The rest of its members — their kids (from tiny puppies to 2-3 year-olds). Usually in the wolf family is 6 — 7, 15 and sometimes animals. The strongest wolf in the pack is the leader. Edit it helps girlfriend — she-wolf. Subordinate to the other, leaders must have a strong character. All decisions regarding the life of the pack, take this pair. In flight, where the order follows the leader, wolves among themselves usually do not fight. However, the aliens or violating the border holdings lone wolf fights happen often.
Each wolf pack hunts only on its territory. The hosts are highly protected and labeled it, warning neighbors that they should stay away. Any uninvited guest will be punished.
In large flocks often happens that some wolves hunted all his relatives. Sometimes the outcast becomes unbearable and he had to leave the pack. Why human-unsociable called lone wolf? Because it reminds Wolf, who retired from the pack and live on his own. Over time in the pack is changing. Applicants for the role of the leader in the pack and are waiting in the wings. Other wolves, as adults, go to wander alone. But they can create their own flock, if they are lucky to meet a lonely wolf. If the wolf and the wolf pack want to rule, they should dominate the rest of the members and get them to unconditionally fulfill their laws.
The leader dominates the male flocks, and his girlfriend maintain order among wolves. Leaders constantly remind their "subordinate" who flock owner: growling at them, bite, chase or even knocked down, preferring done it in front of the whole pack.
One harsh, gaze leader or his girlfriend enough to those to whom it is aimed, submitted. Ingratiating grin, wolves were falling to the ground, and then, if possible, to stealthily run away. Sometimes they lie on his back, as if to say: we know who is the most important.
That keeps the wolf's tail, said of his position in the pack. Do the leaders he greatly raised in their "cast" is omitted, and standing on the lowest level in the wolf family draw in the tail.
The leader of the pack members evince love and respect in the opening ceremony. Fours, with ears laid back and smoothed hair they approach the ringleaders or his girlfriend, lick and gently nibble on his face.
Wolves — some of the most loyal pets, they are strongly attached to the pack-mates. They express their feelings with facial expressions and gestures. "Wolf's language" rallies pack and helps her act together. In a flood of tenderness wolves lick each other and rub their faces.
The tail of the wolf and need to express their feelings. If the tail is bullied and the tip slightly curved, it means that the wolf is quite sure of himself. In a friendly mood wolf tail is omitted, but the tip of it looking up. Wolf with tail between its legs, or is afraid of something, or so says its liking.
Muzzle wolves are very expressive. Frightened, the wolf presses ears and depicts a smile. Enraged Wolf its teeth, and standing erect ears deploys forward. Sensing danger, he devotes his ears back, oskalivaetsya and sticks out his tongue. Comrades understand how to behave in order to maintain peace in the pack.
Wolves set for hunting nature. Winter wolf in the snow left a neat set of footprints — he puts hind leg just behind the front. Thanks to this tread it can run on any terrain and even in deep snow.
Weapons wolf — it teeth. Them in his mouth as much as 42. Ahead stick four sharp, curved 5-centimeter tusks — two on top and bottom. They wolf can bite through tight skin of the victim. A predatory or carnivorous, the teeth — the so-called permanent teeth of predators — adult wolf bite even femur elk.
Hunter needed nice ear, and in this respect the wolves lucky. Hearing the noise, they Send the Prince ears and determine where the sound came. The sound may be several kilometers away. Wolves hunt almost silently, because they run on the tips of his fingers. As well as horses and cats, wolves heel touches the ground.
He has strong, muscular legs and a sprawling gait, and he can long trot at a speed of 9 km / h, and in the pursuit of deer and elk to accelerate to 60 km / h.
On the hunt nose, not your ears or eyes, the first wolf tells where to find prey. They catch the wind smell even the smallest animals in 1.2 kilometers away, when he had not yet heard and not seen. Due to keen sense of smell can chase wolves prey on the trail.
Frost wolf thick fur protects up to 8 inches. Layer closest to the body fur — undercoat and an outer formed rigid, long, black guard hairs on the ends. They repel water and not get wet undercoat. In this coat with a fur-red lining wolf is not afraid not weather.
Wolves — carnivores (or predatory) animals. They hunt in groups. Hungry wolf, to be satisfied, sometimes missing and a small animal — the beaver, rabbit, mouse or bird.
But the whole pack is not enough, it needs large prey — deer, elk, or sheep. It is called their nurses — in fact, usually the victims are old, sick or inexperienced animals. With a sick animal center of disease disappear, and if old animal killed, young and strong get more food. This biological regulation size contributes to the survival of strong, healthy animals, as hunters, and of their potential victims. Although wolves are considered ruthless luck ends only one in ten of their hunting.
It happens that, having spent three days hunting down and prosecuting the herd of deer or elk, wolves can kill a few animals. Why? Footed deer can escape, and elk — a fitting response: this 600-pound giants with sharp horns and heavy hooves worthless break a wolf skull. Wolves can go without food for two weeks, but if hunting lucky they naedyatsya to satiety. With one adult wolf can eat up to 10 kilograms of meat! Sometimes wolves are hiding part of unfinished production in reserve — dragged into the pit and throw something on top. In the case of an unsuccessful hunt, they come back to this and dig a hidden geocache dinner. Survival of the pack depends on the size of its hunting grounds, so the wolves to protect them in a life-and-death.
The boundaries of the territory (it is 50-1500 sq. km. Depending on what animal hunts flock) indicate wolves scented markers — sprayed urine stumps and large rocks — and alert the neighbors of their rights howling.
Wolves do not always hunt, and are ferocious growl. The first, that the wolf, filling the stomach — a ball will roll up and have a good vzdremnet. Waking up, happy to frolic. If he wants to play, he will invite to join and relatives. Crouching low on the front legs to the ground, he gets close to them and, wagging his tail and say, "Oh, please!" No answer? Then that would attract attention, he will jump from side to side, just like a dog.
Who is not afraid of the evil wolf? Since childhood, when we read the fairy tale "The Three Little Pigs," "Little Red Riding Hood" and "The Wolf and the Seven Little Kids", we learn by heart that wolves evil and scary. In fact, they do not cause harm to people. But despite this, people kill them.
ONCE Wolves inhabit all of North America, Europe and Asia. But because of the systematic destruction of THEIR almost gone.
Of course, no matter how desirable, but hardly get to find yourself a pet such as a wolf. Most often treat dogs and cats. Sorry, but many owners hardly watch their pets. Actually nothing, so now many good veterinary clinics and a disease, such as discopathy in taxes no longer a problem! It all depends on the owner!