The Japanese government has decided to reduce its dependence on the United States in the field of military aviation. At the current time, virtually all military aircraft land of the rising sun of South American production or collected in the Land of the Rising Sun by the Japanese with small additions.
Tokyo has failed to persuade Washington to implement it fighter 5th generation F-22 and F-35 is not ready yet, besides its properties are not clear, steady increase in its price also does not add to his popularity.
Japanese military aircraft was frozen after its defeat in the second world war. Transport aircraft land of the rising sun, including helicopters, was also largely designed and built in the U.S. by Japanese companies. Buying military equipment, in Tokyo of mandatory order sought to establish joint ventures that are engaged in finalizing the "source" in accordance with the requirements of the Japanese military. With such scheme of the final price of the acquired military equipment is higher than if it was bought in the United States as a finished product, but thanks to the combined companies to government land of the rising sun support its economy: such makarom provided more jobs, measured flow of investment in the economy, funding companies .
In 2004, Tokyo has decided to build its own fighter 5th Generation ATD-X Shinshin, built using stealth technology. The project has received the status of technology demonstrator and the first ready plane to accept service was not planned. Just in this way Japan wanted to prove its ability to create vysotehnologichnuyu military equipment. But after the failure of negotiations on the purchase of U.S. "Predator" Tokyo thinking about building this fighter, which can be taken on board.
What is clear about the project
— The development of the aircraft involved in the company Mitsubishi. In April 2010, the government announced a tender for the supply of jet engines for ATD-X. Does the competition ended, and who was named the winner, is not yet clear. According to the requirements, jet engines have to own a rod in the 44-89 kilonewtons in besforsazhny mode. Power plants will be revised to be installed on their systems all-aspect thrust vector control, which, by the way, will not translate to a movable nozzle, and with the help of 3-wide records. This development was first implemented in the 1990 U.S. Aircraft Rockwell X-31. More enthusiastic Japanese company showed it to the engine General Electric F404, Snecma M88-2 and Volvo Aero RM12. These power units are used on fighter Boeing F/A-18 Super Hornet, Dassualt Rafale and Saab JAS 39 Gripen, respectively. Imported from other countries, the engines will be used specifically for the testing of prototypes, while the serial fighter engines will XF5-1 development of the Japanese company Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries.
— It is planned to use stealth technology, including the scattering geometry, radio-absorbing materials and extensive use of composites.
— Japanese engineers wishing to introduce the technology of fiber-optic remote control system with multiple redundant communication channels. This solution will allow to keep control of the aircraft in the event of failure of one of the subsystems, as in the criteria of electronic oppression.
— It may be that in the ATD-X is planned to implement self-healing technology of flight control (SRFCC, Self Repairing Flight Control Capability). This means that bortovik aircraft will be acquired automatically determine the damage and work to re-adjust the flight control system to include a chain of spare serviceable subsystems. It is planned that the computer will also determine the extent of damage to different parts of the aircraft structure — ailerons, elevators, rudders, the surface of the wings — and correct the work of the remaining parts of the whole, that is actually one hundred percent return the maneuverability of a fighter. However, as the Japanese designers to get it done is not clear.
— It is planned to deliver a multi-mode radar with an active phased array antenna of a wide range of systems, electronic countermeasures, electronic warfare equipment, and a single system of information exchange. There are rumors of a microwave weapon.
There is evidence that the first test of the Japanese fighter will be in 2014. If the inhabitants of the Rising Sun will have time to make a model that date, the acceptance into service should be expected no earlier than 2018-2020 years.
Apart from not wanting to realize the Tokyo U.S. "Predator", there are other prerequisites for the creation of the Japanese fighter of the 5th generation. This enhancement of China's power, including the layout of the test aircraft of the 5th generation, and the development of South Korea along with Indonesia light fighter KF-X generation "4 +".