These questions are answered by the chairman of the Belarusian Popular Front Chernobyl Commission Yuri Meleshkevich and the first head of "Children of Chernobyl" Mikola Kupava.
"These areas are still century will not be available for normal use."
Tsigankov: In the late 80's to the Chernobyl consumed up to 25 percent of the budget. After coming to power of Alexander Lukashenko, this figure decreases with each passing year and now represents less than 4 percent. The authorities also zaseyvayuts contaminated areas, while in Belarus is enough land in other clean areas for agricultural purposes. How do you vote, why does the current government?
Kupava: You could say that there is no logic here is not there — except that some secret motive. We're not only polluted the area — we have polluted the whole of Belarus.
As for the areas around Chernobyl, there certainly can neither sow or plant, as our scientists have long shown that different radionuclides will remain there for decades. Then what kind of agriculture there can be said?
Tsigankov: It looks like the authorities decided — let's forget about Chernobyl, so it does not stop us from going forward?
Meleshkevich: We often hear words such as questions of Chernobyl will be overcome very quickly that the contaminated areas can be quickly restored and put into economic circulation. Naturally, I agree with these theses can not. At one time, even for the Soviet Union, were held objective studies that have shown that these areas still century will not be available for normal use.
Especially agriculture in the form in which it is organized, we (and the culture of production, and the sequence of mineral fertilizers) do not meet modern needs and technology. Naturally, this will harm the health of the population. So I think that in order to regain the territories in a state corresponding to the normal use — it requires century.
Tsigankov: However, in a certain sense, one can say that Chernobyl was forgotten in Belarus? Can it be said that the construction of nuclear power plant in Belarus could once again raise awareness of environmental issues?
"We must clearly say — peaceful atom does not exist"
Kupava: We see what is happening in Europe. And it is precisely in connection with Chernobyl, where 16 years after the disaster in Europe was not built a single new nuclear power plant. We must clearly say — peaceful atom does not happen. And our country must live by European standards. No we do not need nuclear power plants.
Now the whole of Europe once again becomes effective anti-nuclear movement. Again, on this issue drew the attention of the situation in Japan.
Tsigankov: Lukashenko did not go to Kiev for the event on the anniversary of the disaster. Moreover, uttered insulting things about the leaders of Ukraine and the European Commission. As the political isolation of Belarus affected by the current leadership of the country's ability to overcome the consequences of Chernobyl?
Meleshkevich: In general, the Belarusian president to be present at such events. But Alexander Lukashenko is not from the point of view of Europe that person who may be at such events. So the political isolation in which the Belarusian regime was, of course, a very strong effect on those programs that could go in terms of addressing the consequences and challenges that our country has since Chernobyl. It may be a large range of programs in relation to other countries, primarily Ukraine.
Tsigankov: Mr. Kupava, you were the first head of the fund "Children of Chernobyl". In the 2000s, the Belarusian authorities took a number of decisions that limited humanitarian aid. Why are these restrictions are still in effect?
KupavaIt is simply immoral. Our compatriots, Belarusians abroad, immediately began to collect medicines and other aid. I remember how she acted entire vans. Gradually, however, a lot of it has disappeared, because everybody sees the negative attitude of the Belarusian state.
"Belarus should focus on those countries that practice" green "values"
Tsigankov: What is the topic of today's nuclear power plants in the European context?
MeleshkevichPolitics of the European countries is quite different — from states that have abolished all nuclear programs in its territory, to those where nuclear power — is the priority. For example, Germany after Fukushima announced the termination of the development of nuclear energy. Among the developed European countries, practicing anti-nuclear vector — Italy and Austria. However, they do not lose their weight in the economy and politics.
I think Belarus should focus on those countries that practice "green" values. Because of Belarus — the affected country, and we must do everything possible to defend against new radiation loads.
Tsigankov: How the Belarusian society comprehended the Chernobyl experience in these 25 years?
Kupava: I think we are on the very spot where they were in the late '80s. But here, as I understand it, you need to share. Scientists progressive public aware of the severity of the problems of Chernobyl. But a large part of the population is in the reservation information, a lot of what does not. We must tell the people the truth. But it is not the government.
MeleshkevichThe shock and the pain experienced our society, do not quit. The authorities sometimes talk about radio-phobia in a negative context. But this is evidenced by the fact that memory is stored, and that the authorities have a fault that people are not telling the truth. People feel it. People know that the disease on oncology, we are not decreasing, that does not reduce the number of defects in vynoshvanni kids.
Earlier, people could about it more openly and publicly speak. Now people feel that closeness again, and her radyyafobiya — a reaction to the lack of transparency and evidence of distrust authorities.