Endometriosis is called benign overgrowth of the endometrium (uterine lining) in various organs. The endometrium (The mucous membrane lining the uterus) rather than to be where it should be, starts to migrate. Foci of cells, such endometrium may occur in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, intestines, kidneys, and lungs.
According to the latest data of medical statistics, endometriosis — One of the most common gynecological diseases. It is in third place, behind only inflammation and uterine fibroids.
A popular theory is that the endometriosis occurs when the blood during menstruation with particles of endometrial cancer is not ejected in the vagina and into the fallopian tube through them into the abdominal cavity. There endometrial cells take root, begin to multiply and live an independent life.
Some scientists do not accept this view and suggest that the abandoned cellsabdominal die cavity, but time to affect the surrounding tissue so that it becomes the current similarity endometrium. That leads to the flakey cancer cells is unknown.
One of the serious and common complication of endometriosis is infertility.
Possible causes of endometriosis consider:
- of hormonal background;
- malfunction of the immune system;
- structural features of the internal reproductive organs of a woman;
- genetic predisposition;
- it is possible that the disease may run overwork, stress and poor environment;
- also noted that endometriosis often occurs after surgical procedures: cesarean section, abortion, cauterization of cervical erosion, etc.