Ethmoiditis — an inflammation of the ethmoidal labyrinth. Sphenoiditis — inflammation of the sphenoid sinus. Disease may be unilateral or bilateral, and be accompanied by other lesions of the paranasal sinuses.
The disease can develop at any age.
Ethmoiditis can occur as a complication of acute rhinitis, influenza, measles, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases. Sharp ethmoiditis with bone wall is observed mainly in scarlet fever. Sphenoiditis is rare and is usually associated with the disease posterior ethmoidal labyrinth cells.
What's going on?
When ethmoiditis concerned parent pain, pressive pain in the root of the nose and the nose. Highlight first serous, then festering. Sharply reduced sense of smell, nasal breathing is much more difficult. Body temperature increased.
When sphenoiditis patients complain of headache pain. Most often it is localized in the crown of the head, in the back of the head and neck, eye socket. In chronic lesions pain felt in the crown area and can spread to the head. Sometimes patients complain of a rapid reduction in vision.
Diagnosis and treatment
If you suspect a sinus infection should consult an audiologist. The basic methods for sinusitis is a sinus radiography, transillumination.
When sphenoiditis recommended frequent instillation into the nasal cavity vasoconstrictor (galazolin, naphazoline, etc.). With prolonged illness recommended sensing and sinus lavage solutions of antibiotics. Sometimes surgery is indicated (for example, resection of posterior end of the middle shell).
If untreated, acute processes may become chronic, can develop abscesses, meningitis.