Flax Mill in Maslyaninsky District of Novosibirsk Region has launched a unique line for the production of insulation ekoteplina — a material made of natural linen. For builders of this product — environmentally friendly alternative to a heater from mineral raw materials (mineral wool, rock wool, polystyrene). The appearance on the market ekoteplina evidence of the revival of industrial processing of flax in Maslyaninsky district of Novosibirsk region.
flax can take 200 residents 11000th Maslyanino
Interesting personality and current leader Vladimir Porhacheva Maslyaninsky flax factory. "Red director" of the enterprise, the former symbol of the area, the post was removed ten years ago as a result, in fact, hostile takeover. Since then, the plant "bent". And three years ago Porhacheva called back — to revive the company.
Revival of characters — Where are we going? — Asks the taxi driver at the bus station Maslyanino.
— At the factory, — I say, bearing in mind that in these small towns (in a working village Maslyanino population of about 11 thousand people), the words such as "plant", "factory", "square" all understand without further explanation, simply because that such objects are unique. Five years ago, refinements of the taxi driver really would not have been — in the village of "smoked" only one plant — a brick, whose director was Vyacheslav Yarmanov. And now still asked — because Maslyanino earned more and linen factory, and in view of the historical features of the area of the second company has all the chances to become the most "factory" — a symbol for the village.
The fact that flax for this area historically means more than other crops. Flax — a kind unique branch of agriculture — are developed as the dominant sector of the economy, and the flax plant for 80 years of its existence was, in modern terms, the main enterprise. Len is present on the arms of the district, and the local newspaper called not any ordinary "truth" and "Maslyaninsky Flax." Seven of the eleven heroes of socialist labor area were Flax — list the signs of its former value of flax for this area can be long. The main thing, of course, that the flax for the area — it is a symbol of prosperity, and its revival — a return to the past "golden age."
The good times ended with economic reforms. According to the All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics Agricultural Sciences, only for the 1992 prices for the resources that consume flax, have increased by 17 times, and the finished flax fiber — only six. The result was not long in coming — already on the basis of the 1993 crops of flax across the country have been halved — to 263 thousand hectares. By the time the plant went up "in full bloom":
— We worked then fine. When planning corporatised, it was one of the few companies where dividends are paid — not as in the oil and gas sector, but still. The plant was profitable, had no debts on wages or taxes. Each year, passed on 18 apartments, contained schools, kindergartens, covered with asphalt street. Even farms that grow flax, up to fifty percent of the paid up front — so they can sow, buy raw materials — lists the new-old director Vladimir flax factory Porhachev all the hallmarks of a typical Soviet city-forming enterprises (now it is not formally organized on the basis of the director of flax factory Municipal Unitary Enterprise but controls the basic production processes).
Go to the realities of a large economy added new people and actions that have emerged in Russia in the 1990s. The once-a strategic area for the company under the schemes is very reminiscent of the raider, migrated into private hands, and after it was devastated. Porhachev, who at that time worked at the plant for more than 20 years, was ousted from the leadership.
— My head began to decline as a not entirely legal schemes work. But I'm a man of the old school (this year Vladimir Porhachevu turns 67 years old. — Ed.), My father worked for '22 farm director, I did not do it. Someone who clearly was not profitable stable operation of the plant …
Such a "clear who" also is in every small community, and to call it, of course, no one is going. The story is standard — "businessman" changes the statute of the company, crushes it under itself and brings out all the possible resources — from working capital to the copper wires on the buildings. So it was with this flax plants. By the way, according to rumor, the same unnamed executives bankrupted and local cheese factory, "lost" on the way to Vladivostok several refrigerated cheese on more than $ 3 billion!
And then came the recovery — the stage, to which, on the contrary, not all survive, "selected" companies, especially those in rural areas. Acted on already-established pattern, in which once attracted to the area Maslyaninsky German businessman Stefan Duras — created MUP "Maslyaninsky len" and engaged at the same time involving public funds and foreign investors. Scheme to attract Duras experience, managerial innovation of Maslyaninsky area can be considered a success. Then there was organized by CBM "Mountains Salaira", which was engaged in the cultivation of cereals and grasses. It has already purchased equipment and has gained credits. Later, under the obligation to repay the loans CBM property was transferred to the newly established «Siberian Field" and the total investment in the economy of the region by the German businessman made a billion rubles.
The author of this management innovation district head Vyacheslav Yarmanov completely different to the municipal manager: candy bar from Apple and lists of the Harvard Business Review on the desktop, to the level of generalization problems of the district.
— You know, the task of any government — to restore the enterprise in the territory. If we have in the area has historically been a huge part of flax — only a fool would want to restore the flax plant — Yarmanov answers to my question about the initiator recovery plant. — Here we have created a unitary enterprise — and this is ultimately an investment product. Only when it's a decent investor, the process will go. When we walked into the federal program to support flax, once there was a lot of wishing that money snitch. I went out of business and can see very well these people. Came here are different — do not understand anything in flax, but talk about lofty matters. But if the alliance of the state capital and investment resources exist, then this is definitely the future of the project.
In the case of flax plants alliance seems to work out. It gained about 230 million budget resources, and yet more than 200 million invested investor — CJSC "Corporation Horse" (before 1997 dealt with, including the cultivation of flax in neighboring Iskitimsk district, the structure consists of APK "Maslyaninsky flax" CJSC "Ob flax" and APK "Guselnikovskoe"). True, there are some differences from the "Siberian fields": at the Flax Mill MUP "Maslyaninsky flax" and APK "Maslyaninsky len" act as a parallel, fully embodying the mechanism of public-private partnerships. For example, the CBM from the budget sets production line ekoteplina and ZAO upgrades under this line the room. A private investor is investing in technology (which remains on the balance sheet), and MUP
uses it to harvest the fields.
— To invest in a factory, I had four years ago to become an official, this is the specificity of the Russian legislation — jokes de jure director of the MUP "Maslyaninsky flax", and de facto, in fact, the "agent" of the "Corporation Horse" on Maslyaninsky LNOZAVOD Vladimir ZAICHENKO. — The shape of the modernization of the plant proposed in the "Horse" — we already had the experience of recovery flax production in Iskitimsky area. If we talk about the further development of the project, including the privatization of the MUP, it is, of course, the competence of the local authorities, but I think that all of this goes.
Economy recovery of investments in plant half a billion rubles, however, to the naked eye is not visible. Territory businesses today is the one running the case and a few overgrown buildings, built half a century ago, as evidenced by the year engraved on the facade: 1964, 1968 and so on.
— And this is all the "great businessman" — shows the ruins of Porhachev. — The plant had two shops, and now left alone, we will have restored, work production. Plus equipment purchased and resolved the issue with heating. Previously, the plant had its own boiler room, and now are waiting here to hold gas. In the meantime, built a temporary boiler, waste production topimsya — shiv ("bark" flax stem, which is not used in processing).
The new technique, which is on the territory of the plant — the first sign of recovery in output. Here and legendary in its own way Harvesters John Deere, and American technology, and "Belarus" tractors and domestic. All of it is purchased at the expense of the investor. This year alone, flax purchased five new grain harvesters. Specificity fleet in only one — in terebilnyh machines, all the other tractors and combines — the same as in all the farms. "Foreign Technology, of course, is good with our not compare. Domestic same machines we buy because their maintenance is much easier and cheaper. After all, John Deere — a very difficult technique, we are not able to fully serve it, "- said the deputy director of the plant for the production of Igor Osokin.
A variety of equipment at the plant — by necessity. The fact that flax although much more profitable compared to the same wheat crop (the difference in profitability is estimated at 200-300%), but more specific in growing. Len did not immediately threshed like wheat, but pulled out of the ground and thrown to the ground in the form of a tape (a process called uprooting) to the fiber separated from the woody parts — the fires. In addition, for the same purpose the earlobe. After the flax is dried at a high temperature and is sent to the primary processing.
In addition, flax seed not every year in the same place, its rotation is seven years. That is, to sow on 2 hectares of flax annually, farm must have 15 hectares of land. Therefore, companies that are engaged in the cultivation of flax, forced parallel to sow wheat or perennial herbs, not for extra profit (it is known that in some years the cultivation of wheat in the Novosibirsk region was almost at a loss), but by necessity. And after the herb itself begs and livestock development — in this way the "Corporation Horse" and developed in Iskitimsky area.
On the cultivation of the land in the MUP "Maslyaninsky len" employs about 80 people, as many more are engaged in processing. And this, according to Osokina almost maximum — even if the plant will switch to continuous operation, there will be created a further 20-30 jobs. That is just a flax plant can take 200 residents of the eleven thousandth Maslyanino. "The conditions, of course, heavy, dusty. The average salary in processing — 8-10 thousand rubles for the cultivation of more, but this seasonal work ", — says deputy director of the production. And these 160 people were recruited at once — many years of easy-affected, resulting in qualified personnel lost. Returned to the factory, only 60% of former employees, and the rest had to re-teach, the more that skill requirements have increased substantially in the first place due to the installation of new equipment.
Today the economy of flax factory is: a day for processing is 12 tons of raw materials, of which 70% immediately considered waste from the rest is obtained from 3 to 5 tons of hemp and long fiber (cloth made from it), and short fiber, which is considered less valuable product. Finished products will be sent to the base of JSC "Ob flax" (included in the "Horse Corporation"), located in the village of Legostaeva Iskitimsk district. Sales and marketing are managed centrally from Novosibirsk.
Rural Innovations And then start a kind of rural innovation — here they were engaged after the restoration of the plant, which is generally completed in the middle of last year. The first step was posting here the German line for the production of insulation made from flax. There are only four in the world, and one in Russia — in Maslyanino.
This after the fact of recovery in industrial production in the countryside home Maslyaninsky uniqueness of the project. Heater, who was given the name ekoteplin by itself stands out among peers. The fact is that today, building insulation made primarily of mineral raw materials, ie they are unnatural. Here not only the natural raw material (insulation comprises 85% of flax), but other components — as a retention base, for example, the paste is used. The remaining 15% of the same — it's fireproof and protivomyshinaya treatment. Thus, despite the ecological, say, thermal conductivity, it is possible to achieve performance close to traditional insulation. In addition, this innovation is a first for the plant will solve the problem with the implementation of a short fiber.
— With the planned economy, it was just — if made, it will still buy. And now we need to fight for a place under the sun — Vyacheslav Yarmanov flax factory economy is inevitably linked with the economy of the country. — Long grain they buy textile mills, although bear additional costs. A short fiber obtained unclaimed … That's when they went the way of the use of short fiber in the manufacture of insulation. And I will tell you this — it is unclear how much will serve as insulation made of stone, and with flax clear. Old houses when dismantled, there falls flax tow. The House has already rotted away, and she survived!
Of course, the arrival of flax as an alternative to stone Lagger is a completely different kind of construction materials market. And Maslyanino understand it, talking about the lack of competition and the upcoming major work to promote new material. This struggle between the two approaches in construction is almost Onegin: there are conflicted between ice and fire, and here — flax and stone. While winning a stone, if only because that the use of environmentally friendly materials in construction — only the question of liability of builders, and with that in the current economic climate problem.
— Natural insulation is more expensive. It is one thing — to get the stone in the mine and make it rock wool and quite another — to sow, grow and process flax. The result is that the cost of the stone heater — about 1700 rubles per cubic meter, and our — 3000 rubles. Although considering that a large house requires about 40 cubic meters of insulation, the difference is not very big — says Porhachev and recalls that in Japan is subsidized 90% of the rural economy, and the only one in Russia.
In the association of low-rise and individual housing on new production in Maslyanino before applying the correspondent of "Expert-Siberia" is not heard. But it is believed that due to the current fashion of environmentally friendly materials ekoteplin may well be in demand. Especially in the individual building. "In addition, natural materials really great service life.
The only question is, of course, its price. Because the production of stone or rock wool is also not so simple, it uses high-tech equipment. In addition, the same hemp has always been a cheap material, it is unclear why now the prices have increased. Although, for example, ceramic roofing is also less expensive than synthetic — it's a fashion eco-friendly materials, "- said the executive director of the Association Veronica Zaitsev.
Nevertheless, the first big contracts, the plant is already there. The contracts with construction companies in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Krasnoyarsk to supply an average of 1.5 million cubic meters ekoteplina (daily factory can produce 180 cubic meters of material). Now hope that the consciousness of individual consumers — hence the posters, the news about the success of Novosibirsk recovery Maslyaninsky flax factory.
The second innovation that still planned — the production of briquettes from fires. "Bonfire of today we have not demanded. We drown her boiler room, and in the summer it accumulates. Soon it will all be processed into briquettes for heating. Will also be complex manufacture equipment from Germany ", — says Igor Osokin plans. The briquettes will be sold to the population and institutions.
— Today we are very close to that to do the production of technical wool, and from there it is only a redistribution to pulp — and we may partially replace the power of the same of the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill. And this is just the next stage of development of the enterprise. However, this "dirty" production and Maslyanino us it probably will not give place, and territorial connection to the site it has not yet reached — says ZAICHENKO.
Today is a special market leadership flax factory headed for alignment within the enterprise full production cycle — from growing to processing. Externally decided not to buy anything. This is not a fad, explains Porhachev, and the only chance to survive is a kind of amendment to the rural conditions in a market economy.
— I would have to buy raw materials and other farms. But today the market, and everyone wants to make his penny. I, for instance, I know that the cost of a ton of flax, say, three thousand rubles, and he invites me to sell it for five thousand. Plus the economy today are anxious to first prepare the hay, because otherwise the cow kick the bucket. A linen — as it will. And today, contracts are not met: first, to write something, and then — where the curve displays. We have not used in Russia to this, especially in agriculture — said production worker.
And even if we ignore the rural market conditions, it turns out that the large producers of flax in the left — raw materials simply do not buy anyone. So, in fact, flax and forced to rebuild their own infrastructure around them, including crops and flax. The same former farm "flax", which gave the area of the heroes of socialist labor, flax crops today are not engaged, not to mention other smaller farms. Land that previously held the leader-State Farm, now have to be cleared of grown up here for 20 years, shrubs and trees.
Prospects flax factory, by the way, is also associated with the alignment of infrastructure, especially the creation of a textile factory here.
— I do believe that a man must build a life — concludes Porhachev. — Of course, the flax plant — not nuclear power plant and power plant, but in the village it is very important. I can tell you as a human — after working so many years at the factory, I would have long ago to privatize it, and now, with his wife sitting on the bench and click seeds. But there is an interest to restore this business — and for himself, and for his son, and grandson. The most important thing — to live on earth honestly that if you did not like, but at least respected.
This phrase I remember that the first question that I asked Yarmanov, coordinating meeting was about, with good or bad intentions, we're going to Maslyanino. Asked during the interview about it and Porhachev: "You write what you want — that everything in Russia is bad or good?" But one thing — to come with good intentions, quite another — to go with the same attitude. There is quite a work out.