Free electron laser — a unique research tool

The principles of a free electron laser physics developed Novosibirsk Eugene Saldin, Anatoly Kondratenko and Jaroslav Derbenyov

In Germany, the first stage of the complex world's most powerful X-ray free electron laser. As they say its developers, the installation will open new horizons in several industries, primarily in medicine, pharmacy and engineering. The total cost of the project — more than a billion euros. Russia takes a most active part.

Construction of the most powerful X-ray free-electron laser at Hamburg began in late 2009. The total length of tunnels — almost 3.5 kilometers. Inside the complex — a few floors underground at a depth of six to 38-meters. Among the participants of the project — 12 countries leading role — in Moscow and Berlin. Investing huge: 1000000000 230 million euros.  

Scientific director of Russia performs Research Center "Kurchatov Institute".
Deputy Director of the Institute Rychev Michael explained: "The laser, on the one hand, the most cutting edge science, but at the same time it is aimed at a particular application in the national economy, especially in medicine, pharmacology, chemistry, nanotechnology, energy, electronics, creating new materials, and not in the distant future, and tomorrow. "

The principles of a free electron laser physics developed Novosibirsk Eugene Saldin, Anatoly Kondratenko and Jaroslav Derbenyov. We are talking about the source superbright X-rays. The electron beams are accelerated in accelerator nearly the speed of light, then they are sent to the system of magnets, where electrons move sinusoidally. There is short and powerful X-ray flares, and they are working tool for a variety of research.

"The laser is able to solve yet another very tempting for scientists and specialists in various areas of the problem — in the same x-ray pulse to observe the three-dimensional structure of proteins. This promises a revolution in biology, medicine and genetics," — said Michael Rychev.

However, the free electron laser is not only for applied research — its ability to be useful and fundamental science. With this setting, the scientists will learn to better understand the nature of the processes occurring in the solar system. Launch complex is planned for the year 2016.

Superconducting magnets for the laser will do the St. Petersburg Research Institute of Electro equipment behalf of Ephraim, and the last section of the undulator — Novosibirsk Institute of Nuclear Physics, Budker.

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