October 31, 2011 21:25
Recently, a lot of talk about the mysterious Yundum airport, found in the small African country of Gambia. This airfield is almost the heritage of ancient civilizations, in which, according to some reports, there were aircraft — the so-called vimana. In any case, no one really knows who and when Yundum was built.
In this photo marked with red circles nezaasfaltirovannye land of ancient slabs of the runway.
This former British colony is located on the Atlantic coast of tropical Africa and belongs to the group of the most economically backward countries of the world, not only in general, but by no means a prosperous continent. State territory elongated in the latitudinal direction. Inland Gambia juts 350 kilometers from west to east, it is located along the course of the deep river of the same name. The width of the country from north to south is 50 kilometers. Residing in The Gambia just over half a million people, including 75% — in rural areas. Industry developed there very weak and consists of enterprises on production of peanut butter, beer, soft drinks and a garment. Exports of peanuts gives the country half of its foreign exchange earnings.
The backwardness of the Gambia eloquently demonstrated by the fact that until recently, people could only get higher education abroad: in Senegal, the United States or Western Europe. The situation only changed in 1999, when the capital Banjul, Gambia University was established. The country has one single library and recently opened its first museum, now, however, there are already five. It considers the achievement of the transition at the end of the last century from the manual handling of fields with hoes to plows pulled by oxen, horses or donkeys. Equipment fishing boats outboard motors also illustrated the initiation Gambia to technical progress.
There are, of course, this small country and its strengths. It is one of the few on the continent, where there is the multi-party political system. In the vicinity of Banjul have some great resorts with spacious and clean beaches, where tourists like to spend so
from the UK. Can be considered a highly developed livestock: cattle population exceeds 400 thousand.
Asphalted, partition, and flew
But in the Gambia is a real international airport. Also mysterious. This Yundum — the one so beloved by ufologists and historical and alternative service. It is located 27 kilometers from Banjul. The length of its runway (runway) that meets the highest requirements — 3600 meters, so it is able to receive aircraft Yundum any weight. Gambians do this costly runway built. They just laid asphalt on land cleared of existing roughly polished stone slabs and make a layout.
Gambia then helped NASA as the U.S. space agency was interested in creating a back up plan for the shuttle type shuttle. U.S. initially chosen airport Senegalese capital of Dakar, but the runway is too large angle relative to the main flight path shuttles. So in September 1987, the Americans agreed to Gambian side on this use Yundum airport. The runway has been improved. In particular, the width was increased from 29 to 45 meters. Americans also have installed the necessary electronic systems control and navigation. And in 1996, was commissioned the building of the international airport, built by a joint British-Gambian project.
If you look closely at the satellite pictures, you can see that the central part of the runway Yunduma actively maintained, but on both sides of the strip there is unused land. They are paved with slabs of unusual light sandy brown. Is there and has not peeled off the ground to continue the band. The trees grow along it very interesting — on the lines of some fault in the soil.
Version, version, version
So where did this runway? The most sensational, of course, sounds a hypothesis, that the runway was built during the time of pratsivilizatsii, and that hence, it may even be taking off or Atlanta ancient Indian aircraft — vimana. However, fans of the plan expressed versions of conspiracy and other assumptions. Like, the airfield was secretly built by the Germans during World War II. Sometimes referred to as the exact date and more — in 1944. At first glance, this version is not without some plausibility. Indeed, during the war, the Nazis showed great interest in African uranium and allegedly even took out his aircraft from the Congo, making several stopovers.
In this regard, you can not even remember the secret German airfields built in the Arctic in the rear of the Soviet troops. That's just for the Gambia, where there are some big "but." First, these airfields are not paved with massive stone slabs, and small metal having to reduce the weight even on a few holes. Second, Gambians say partially primed plates were always there, but did not appear in the middle of the XX century. Third and finally, in January 1943 in Banjul travel visited U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It was connected with the conference in the Moroccan Casablanca. During the meeting, Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, together with members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. and UK have discussed the prospects of opening a second front, and a strategy to combat the German U-boats in the Atlantic. Banjul port at the time was used for intermediate stops naval convoys allies and a mysterious airfield was chosen by the U.S. Army Air Corps. So no secret bases Nazis in close proximity to such a strategic site Anglo simply could not be.
On some sites, you can find and do claim that Yundum, in fact, was built by the Allies. So really no mystery about the ancient aerodrome suscheotvuet? Certainly not! The runway is clearly overkill for the aircraft at the time. As we already know, the locals have seen this cover before the war. And the color of the plates is very different from the concrete. There is a photo of the only combat aircraft Gambian army, bought in 2008 in the Georgian Su-25, standing on the runway built to Yunduma area of concrete slabs. They obviously different — gray — the color, which should be concrete. It may be noted also that, judging by the photos, sandy-brown stone slabs vary in size, and it is covered airfields XX-XXI centuries, is not typical.
So riddle Yunduma does exist, and it remains to be unraveled.