Icebreakers began to return


Well, it seems we waited for the revival of the icebreaker fleet. In the Baltic factory for the first time since the Soviet era laid a great icebreaker Project 22600 — line diesel-electric icebreaker LK-25, a displacement of 22,258 tons and a capacity for shafts up to 25 megawatts.

Earlier in this factory were built two medium icebreakers Project 21900 — "Moscow" and "Saint-Petersburg", displacing 14,300 tons and a capacity for shafts up to 16 megawatts. Back in the summer at the "Yantar" laid a small Russian-Finnish icebreaker, the so-called "oblique stroke." He can not just move back and forth, but obliquely, clearing the ice over a wide band. After a week at the Vyborg Shipyard will be laid icebreaker CC-16 for the Baltic Sea. It is the first in a series of at least three vehicles. A recently raised the flag on scientific and ice-class expedition ship "Akademik Treshnikov" that even before the new year has to go to the Antarctic expedition.

But back to the LK-25. This is a full line icebreaker, which is able to carry out pilotage along the Northern Sea Route, both independently and jointly with other icebreakers. In addition, it is dvuhosadochnym, that is able to work not only on the big water, but also in estuaries and port areas, where icebreakers deep draft just will not pass. Draft LC-25 varies in the range of 8 meters, depending on the filling of ballast tanks of seawater. This eliminates the auxiliary icebreaker shallow draft for the implementation of the Northern delivery. For the same purpose icebreaker is equipped with a large cargo crane lifting capacity up to 150 tons Thus, BM-25 will be the universal means of supply in the Far North.

Another interesting statement of the USC that is about to begin cutting metal for laying a new icebreaker LK-22220 60YA project.

For reference, the last Soviet nuclear icebreaker "50 Years of Victory", of course, has been rebuilt and raised the flag of not so long ago — in 2007. But he was laid back in dalekom1989 year, and by 2003 its construction was suspended, however, as almost everyone in the country.

And so we waited, and a new icebreaker. This is not the remains of the former Soviet power, and a completely new vehicle. CDB "Iceberg", CNIIMF, Central Research Institute. Krylov and a number of other organizations have defended his project recently. In this case, when the images of the new icebreaker, many did not believe in its implementation, saying that the pictures remain pictures, and the domestic industry is not able to pull such a project.

Nevertheless, at the beginning of the year is successfully tested a new nuclear power plant type Rhythm-200, at the beginning of next year will be laid and the ship itself. Icebreaker has a new hull shape, improving ice-covered and ice-resistant. Their quality advantage is confirmed by field tests of several models in the pools Krylov Shipbuilding Research Institute. Krylov.

This will be the largest nuclear-powered icebreaker ever built in the world. Power on the shafts will reach 60 megawatts (at the "Arctic" — 49 MW, the "Taimyr" — 32.5 MW), width of 32 meters at the waterline (in "Arctic" and "Taimyr" — at 28 m), the maximum length of 172 meters (at the "Arctic" — 148 m, the "Taimyr" — 150 m). Ice-covered reach 2.8-2.9 m, against a maximum of 2.25 at the "Arctic" and 1.95 in shallow-draft "Taimyr", and the sediment, as well as at the LC-25 will vary depending on the conditions and tasks — 10.5 lo 8.5 meters (at the "Arctic" — 11 m, the "Taimyr" — 8.1 m — not changeable). Ballast tanks for precipitation changes will take up to 9,000 tons of water. Thus, he will be able to replace both the icebreaker for pilotage in the northern ports.

It must be said that the need for resuscitation of the full operation of the Northern Sea Route (NSR), for which the need for new icebreakers, we need not only to the northern delivery and transportation of minerals mined in the northern Russian mineral pantries.

The value of the NSR as an international transport line will only increase (this Lekuh Dmitry wrote in the article "North Suez. Step to transport superpower"). In addition to production and transportation of raw materials, there are two reasons that will increase in the near future, the value of the NSR. First, the gradual warming increases the period of navigation and transit of goods makes cost-effective. Second, SMEs, connecting Europe and Asia lies in the Russian territorial waters. And it will be important for the safety of shipping, because the prospects of turning the Middle East and North Africa as a continuous zone of instability, too clearly visible on the horizon. Compared with a possible large Sunni-Shiite war current Somali pirates may seem quite insignificant danger. Understanding this is even not the most friendly to us in Japan, which is not only tentatively holds its judgment on SMEs, but also in conjunction with the Norwegian Nansen Institute and our CNIIMF, has developed an international program of the Northern Sea Route (International North Sea Route Programme — INSROP). Actually, we have not only implemented the "Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic", not only the construction of new ports, railways, roads and ice-breakers, but also created the Arctic Group of Forces. What can you do — increasing the value of the Arctic requires increasing its security.

…And a small post-Scriptum for adult readers with young families. The younger generation did not catch the glory and pride of the Soviet nuclear icebreaker fleet, does not know a whole generation (about his ancestors) sent to the development of the North. It generally does not understand the very meaning of the North.

This generation can be proud of domestic icebreaking fleet only when he briefly explain:

1) reduces the NSR way from Europe to Japan, about 10,000 kilometers (or 40%) compared with the conventional manner via Suez. And all of this Russian waters.

2) According to the NSR convoys can only walk, accompanied by ice breakers.

3) Icebreakers really can only be Russia. A non-Russian nuclear icebreakers do not exist.

4) How offended reported English-language Wikipedia, "ice breakers are very expensive to produce, it is very expensive to operate, and to travel on them uncomfortable due to constant vibration."

5) However, the volume of traffic on the Northern Sea Route in the past year compared to before the last rose seven times, and this year over last will grow three times.

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