In the Dark Sea

Near the Black Sea

The news of the beginning of the war found Victor snow-white in Odessa, where he was preparing for admission to the medical faculty of the Odessa Institute. Pick up papers, the young man returned to his native Kherson, and in August 41 th he was drafted into the army. He was 19 years old, he graduated from high school ten-year, was perfectly healthy, and so the draft board sent Victor to school, getting ready gunner naval aviation. In May, a 42-year snow-white sailor arrived for duty in the 60-th separate air squadron of the Air Force BSF, but just hearing that forms the headquarters of the Air Force fleet paratroop company, wrote a statement of the transfer and in June was enrolled in the Marines.

Near the Black Sea

He commanded the PRD Air Force BSF Captain Orlov, the last chief of Airborne Service 32 th Fighter Regiment, September 41 th year was preparing to raid the first group of naval paratroopers recruited from volunteers who served in the Air Force ground-based Black Sea Fleet. Then, before landing a huge amphibious landing near Odessa Grigor'evka about the night of September 22, 1941, a group of 23 paratroopers under the command of Sergeant Kuznetsova parachuted from the plane TB-3 near the village Shitsli where it is suspected headquarters Romanian shelf.

2-week training assigned for training and diversionary landing tricks, was not enough, and group already suffered a huge loss when landing — a few paratroopers drowned in the estuary, one is immediately taken prisoner. And yet, a dozen men armed with assault rifles, grenades and daggers were able to gather in a combat group attacked the headquarters of the Romanian, throwing grenades at the headquarters dugout. Killing the band communications they can work from ambushes, parachutists disorganized near the rear of the Romanian defense at the time of landing marines.

This experience subversive work has been recognized to be very successful, and even an attempt at forming Kachin airfield near Sevastopol separate airborne unit in the Marine Corps fleet, betrothed "group 017. " When Sevastopol was besieged soldiers of 017 used for the defense of a soft objects. Most of the Marines of the detachment were killed during the fighting at Cape Chersonese in July 1942. The few survivors of 017 soldiers were evacuated by sea to the Caucasus to keep, and they were sent to the disposal of Captain Orlov, form a separate naval paratroop company.

Near the Black Sea

Deputy to the commander of the naval commandos Orlov was the last chief of Airborne Service 40 th Regiment Captain Desjatnikov — an experienced skydiver who had pre-war experience of service in the Airborne Brigade special purpose. Classes in parachute training with the staff of company spent the last chief of a similar service in the 5th Guards Aviation Regiment Lieutenant A.? A.? Tarutin. Combat and tactical training for Black Sea Marines engaged Lt. G.? I.? Maruschak, who owned a great many kinds of guns.

Under the direction of the staff of the company officers — 160 soldiers — took intensive training. Together with the rest of Victor whitewashed trained unarmed combat techniques of removing guards, orienteering, shooting, throwing grenades, demolition work. Sailors company committed day and night training skydiving, after which they drove challenging mountain routes drawn up so that they had to force a crossing. This long and grueling training, coupled with a certain modicum of luck to survive a broker Victor snow-white when he had to act in a real combat situation.

In October 1942, paratroopers from the Black Sea assault company made a successful diversion on Maikop airport, killing 13 on the tarmac and injuring 11 of the 39 German aircraft were based there. For this operation seized 42 fighter, a number of which Victor Snow White did not hit. His turn came in February 1943, when the naval commandos to put the newest puzzle — planned large landing in Novorossiysk, and parachutists Captain Orlov in this operation was assigned a special role.

According to the plan of staffs in several places along the coast landed naval landings, which was assigned to a support role, and the main shock was supposed to put 4 February 1943 in the village of South Ozereika, where she was to have planted Brigade sea Corps, reinforced with tanks 30 South American M-3 "Stuart" acquired under the Lend-Lease. On 10 of the these tanks and two cars with different equipment were loaded onto barges "Bolinder," which transported the tugs "Yalta", "Gelendzhik" and "Yalta". Provide fire support for landing squadron of cruisers "Red Crimea" and "Red Caucasus", 3 destroyers and 3 gunboats, "Red Adzharistan", "Red Abkhazia" and "Red Georgia". Marines had to disembark the boat of the "chaser" MO-4.

In the rear of defensive zone at the South Coast Ozereyka planned dropping of paratroopers who had to destroy the headquarters, blow up bridges, cut strips of communication, cut off reinforcements to the coast.

Initially, it was planned to plant 80 paratroopers with 3 SS-48 aircraft and bombers TB-3 for 45 minutes before landing marines under South Ozereyka. But one of the aircraft failed to reach the target and returned to the airport with troops on board. Around 3:00 am on 4 February 1943, Zhen-slope mountain, between the villages of Vasilevka and Glebovka, planted 57 fighters, divided into three battle groups.

Shortly before the airdrop Russian bombers struck the landing area a powerful bomb, and special incendiary bombs caused some strong fire, which served as reference points for the paratroopers. After a strong bombing the Germans, even noticing the canopy, were not immediately available to organize, and therefore the landing of paratroopers came out unscathed. Even the death of the commander of one of the groups Lieutenant Solovyov, which crashed on landing, not messed up the plans — a group led by Lieutenant Chmyga who led men into battle.

Objects amphibious attack groups were in the villages and Vasilevka Glebovka, is located on different sides of the Ren-mountain. Krasnoflotec Victor Snow-white parachuted into the detachment of 24 soldiers, paratroopers, commanded by Lieutenant Kuzmin. In the course of engaging in a fight, they put several gun emplacements, undermined two bridges, cut strips of communication. After completing the first part of the job, Kuzmin led to Vasilevka own people, the aid group Chmygi, which was to kill the headquarters of the 10th Romanian Division. But it turned out that the headquarters was in Glebovka, and Vasilevka was a strong garrison, Marines met heavy fire. Both groups of troops dug in on the outskirts of the village, waiting for the approach of Marines who, according to the denunciation of the coast of the sounds already landed and fought, trying to break into the enemy's defensive orders.

But till the morning reinforcements came, the situation was complicated. The Germans threw against mountain rifle battalion of paratroopers, backed by the Romanian and
field artillery of the 10th Romanian Division. Skillfully maneuvering in the folds of the terrain, carrying a loss, Marines stood the whole day, but when the enemy brought up the tanks, they were obliged to retreat.

After gathering fighters from the two groups, Lieutenant Kuzmin led them along the bed of the river Ozereyka to the coast, where the sounds of battle, but went out to the landing marines, they saw the picture of the terrible defeat: submerged barges obogrevshimi tanks near the shore, a few lame-'Stuart "standing on the beach, strewn with the bodies of those killed. Realizing that the landing from the sea failed, the commander decided to go to the east. At night came to Glebovka and attacked the garrison, which has already got the other day from a third commando naval commandos who toppled in Glebovka German artillery battery.

In rather short melee fighters broke Kuzmin, went to the area of Abrau-Durso, coming to a point on the coast, where they were to pick up the boat. But at the appointed place they have not found anyone — even on February 6 boats that came to the shingle beach of Gelendzhik Durso, taking it 23 marines and paratroopers 2, stragglers from the group Kuzmin, went back to the base.
With no radio communication with the staff, the paratroopers did not know that at the point of landing aircraft took off with pennants, in which he pointed to the move Myskhako. Those Marines who picked these pennants, February 10 boats were picked up and taken to Gelendzhik.

Do not wait for the boats, the remains of Lieutenant Kuzmin decided to wade through the mountains to the band edge. To bring down the trail Germans rounded up the dogs and tried to walk beds of streams and mountain rivers. Products with a Trooper was 5 days, and they had to spend in the rear of the Germans almost a month.

Near the Black Sea

On the 23rd day of their own walks in the mountains found a guerrilla commandos. By the time of their group, only four survived. In the unit they met the commander of one of the assault teams Chmygu lieutenant and a dozen Marines who survived the defeat. Relaxing and slightly overfed, Marines and the Marines decided to run across the front line. On the advice of the guerrillas were divided into three fives. Lieutenant Chmyga fifth went to Victor snow-white and 3 of his friends. Marines making their way in complex ways, and in his own memoirs, Victor Snow White said he did not know, they went to our or not.

Five Marines for their breakthrough decided to use what works on the land near the front intensively used our prisoners. Coming to the rear of the enemy front line, under the borough Kabardian they captured a German, lucidly explaining to him that they have nothing to lose, and he must play the role of guard, leading the prisoners to work. Risk game completely failed — in the guise of a working team, which "escorted" them captive, the saboteurs made it to the best band of German trenches … And there was a question — what to do with the captive Germans? Drag along it was very difficult to keep alive very unsafe, but to dirty his hands with blood no one in particular, a desire not to burn. Decided to again "throw on matches," and a German dagger killed the one who pulled a small match.

After retiring in the neutral zone and crawled to our trenches. Get closer began to shout: "Do not shoot! The! ". They were admitted to the trenches, and here passed the Specials, which intruders "on the side" seemed very suspicious types — in fact any documents with them to the Marines did not take the job, and to validate their identity could not. A special department of defending that portion of the front, where the transition was made, sent a request to the headquarters of the Air Force fleet. There are all members of the group Kuzmina had been missing, and so have passed the front line immediately requested to discover the commander of naval air force Air Force Major General Vladimir? B.? Yermachenkov. Guys were washed, feed up, dressed up and rushed to Sukhumi, the headquarters. There is general talked with them, thanks for the service, and to remember they were photographed together.

Near the Black Sea

After landing at the South Ozereyka death twice quite come close to Victor crisp white. In January 44th at landing troops near Kerch he nearly drowned in the sea — it was rescued by boat sailor, which managed to pick up a drowning Marine boat hook and pulled Victor nahlebalsya water into the shallows.
After the war, graduating from the Leningrad Higher Naval School, Victor N. Snow White returned to the Black Sea Fleet, served as an artillery officer in the squadron of cruisers and by 1955 made an enviable career, becoming the flagship assistant gunner. Guardian Angel again stretched its wings over him, when the fall of 1955, Viktor Snow White went to school campaign with shooting on board the battleship "Novorossiysk", where the headquarters of the squadron. Battleship from going back to the evening of October 28, the other day centennial defense of Sevastopol. Assistant gunner flagship of the fleet went to the headquarters of the report of the shooting, and at ten o'clock in the evening came home to his wife and children. In the second half of the night on the battleship came the terrible forces of the explosion, a true premise that failed to establish so far. As a result of this disaster killed 604 people.

Near the Black Sea

Having retired Captain 1st Rank, Viktor, in 1974, he moved to Kolomna.

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