Worldwide, IVF (in vitro fertilization) is considered as the main way to treat infertility. It is effective in any forms. In addition, ECO — often the only way for families in which the sick man.
In vitro fertilization — a relatively new method of treatment of infertility. It was first used in England in 1978. Однако еще 200 лет назад предпринимались подобные попытки.
The essence of the ECO: the sperm meet the egg in a test tube, and then they tended, planted in the womb of a barren woman or a surrogate mother. The favorable outcome of the procedure (the occurrence of pregnancy), there are frequent cases when conceived twins or triplets, because in an attempt to take part in a few eggs. According to the woman's request can be made reduction (removal of excess embryos), but sometimes it leads to death and left to a subsequent miscarriage.
The success of IVF treatment is about
IVF is effective in the forms of infertility, when remove the cause of preventing conception is not possible. For example, after ectopic pregnancies, when removed, one or both fallopian tubes, after inflammatory disease, tubal patency when broken and restore it does not seem possible.
When sperm is insufficient or when it few sperm
How often applied?
Unfortunately, the IVF method is used infrequently. The reasons are many:
this treatment is expensive and not included in the benefits package is available so far for all patients; First, IVF centers are subsidized by the state, and little can be found only in major cities. second
If a barren couple turned into a center for the treatment of infertility, the first step will be the examination of both partners. A woman is usually performed ultrasound, blood tests for hormones, tests for AIDS, hepatitis, and syphilis. Man — semen. If necessary, genetic analyzes. Examination takes approximately 2 weeks. After the examination, the decision of which method of infertility treatment is shown each individual pair.
Before IVF woman appointed special hormones that stimulate the growth and maturation of not
Then the woman made puncture of follicles. Procedure on an outpatient basis. Needle through the vagina under ultrasound mature follicles are extracted from the ovaries. Thus, a few eggs. This procedure and low-traumatic complications after it unlikely.
If the man is healthy — the difficulty in obtaining the required number of sperm usually does not happen. In cases where spermatogenesis is disturbed, a man in need of special treatment.
There are situations where sperm is produced, but get it the natural way is not possible. Then the doctor performs a puncture. This manipulation is performed under general anesthesia. It is possible to fertilize an egg
In vitro fertilization
IVF is carried out directly
Preimplantation diagnosis — a method of research on embryos produced by IVF, before his transfer to the uterus. With the help of modern genetic technologies can be inspected embryo, consisting of only
Embryo transfer to the uterus
Embryo transfer to the uterus — the simplest procedure of the entire method. Using a special flexible catheter
After the transfer of eggs woman can go home to work. No special treatment is required. Nevertheless, in some centers IVF issued sick leave. Naturally, after the procedure is not recommended for women to great physical and emotional stress.
Pregnancy IVF comes in 3
Childbirth pregnancy after IVF are no different from the ordinary. In cases where the cause of infertility — a disease of women, childbirth shall take account of the specific disease. By the method of fertilization, it is not irrelevant.
According to doctors, conceived in a test tube is no different from the rest. However, it is believed that these children do better in school, but more often get sick. Doctors believe that this may be due to the excessive care of the desired child.
The number of IVF attempts
It is known that pregnancy occurs only 3
In each case, the issue is solved individually. IVF procedure itself is quite safe and can be repeated many times. Some couples pregnancy comes with
When follicular puncture can be obtained more than necessary number of eggs. In these cases, offer healthy women to become donors. Their eggs are used in those cases where the patient does not have its eggs — after removal of the ovaries, the menopause, when the ovaries and other modified
To encourage donations, the woman who agreed to give their eggs, paying less for attempting IVF. Of course, anonymous egg donation, the donor has no rights to a child born out of its egg.
Donated eggs are fertilized by sperm of the husband of the woman, which they are implanted. In this case, the hormone preparation for IVF is not required. В большинстве центров ЭКО лишние оплодотворённые и неоплодотворённые эмбрионы сохраняются в замороженном сос