LiAZ — Likinskiy Bus Plant

"Blog Trucker" continues a series of photo reports by enterprises Division "Russian Buses — GAZ Group". We present our photos from the Likinsky bus plant. Nestle, the photos will be many. 

1. Our tour of the plant begins with the pressing-blanking shop.

2. Here are the longitudinal and transverse cutting of steel coils, as well as all the necessary preparations for cold stamping of future coaches.

3. The line "Halbron."

4. In cold pressing production made facing the body panels, as well as parts and components of the elements of the body shell.

5. The plot of laser cutting using a set of "Trumpf TL — 3030."

6. With cunning crane operator provides a metal sheet in the working area of the machine.

7. We managed to peek behind the shield and spy, as the laser beam at high speed burns right profile for future harvesting.

8. After a while, the machine unloads the finished parts.

9. But this is only the beginning of a long process.

10. A little later, with the help of the press, they will give the desired shape.

11. Finished parts are waiting to the following stages of production.

12. Workflow.

13. Manufacturing, coil — the evaporator of the air system. See later, the item appears on the finished bus.

14. Now, shall proceed to the shop welding car body production. The photo — assembly line welding roof SCHLATTER. Pre-operating gain on the stocks of the future elements of the roof.

15. SCHLATTER at work.

16. Following in the pipeline and we thread. Step by step, the elements of the bus are becoming more and more details.

17. Going to the front panel of the bus. Welder at work.

18. Finally, there comes a time when the conveyor is collected in a single unit all the elements of the frame bus. Front — on the photo.

19. The so-called frame — the lower, the carrier part of the bus body.

20. On the stocks under strict geometry of the body, all the items are collected into a single unit.

21. Operator.

22. Welding of the body on the slipway. Now, if you wish, you can consider the future of the bus silhouette.

 

 

23. Next, on the line, r
eady to frame sheathe sheets of metal.

24. In order to board the bus were absolutely equal, to use the unique lyase. Before welding, the metal sheet is heated to a temperature of 90 degrees Celsius. It increases in size, and only then, pull it to the frame.

 

25. The finishing touches bodies producing.

26. Note two parts, articulated bus arrive at the cataphoresis treatment body.

 

27. Analogues of such a process for bodies such dimensions in Russia, other CIS countries and the neighboring countries do not.

28. Process commands a fragile girl.

29. Body alternately dipped into a few huge baths.

30. At the time, the plant became the first company in Russia, who used a full body anti-corrosion treatment cataphoresis. In this method of electrolytic coloring is that the product is placed in a cataphoresis bath, exposed to an electric field. As a result, a special water-based paint is deposited on the entire product as a whole, without missing even inaccessible corners. Clutch epoxy layer to the metal is extremely durable, and the resulting coating is resistant to the most aggressive weather conditions.

30. At the time, the plant became the first company in Russia, who used a full body anti-corrosion treatment cataphoresis. In this method of electrolytic coloring is that the product is placed in a cataphoresis bath, exposed to an electric field. As a result, a special water-based paint is deposited on the entire product as a whole, without missing even inaccessible corners. Clutch epoxy layer to the metal is extremely durable, and the resulting coating is resistant to the most aggressive weather conditions.

32. For me it was a revelation that the roof of the bus, one hundred percent is covered by a plastic sheet.

33. On lyase argue that this technology on the order of practical and durable.

34. The company is constantly working about one and a half thousand workers, with an average salary of 35,000 rubles.

35. At this point, in February 2012, each change of the gate of the plant is 10 brand new buses.

36. But the shaft on orders lyase is at the end of the year, as main customers of the enterprise budget organizations. At such times, the output busses from the conveyor is increasing dramatically. The company is gaining temporary workers and raise wages.

37. Body is a legitimate pride of the plant.

38. LiAZ ensures that the body of his coaches will serve at least 12 years to rust.

39. Share your smile!

40. The final step before sending the body color.

41. Friendship.

42. Swim painted.

43. It is time to get down to business masters of window cases.

 

39. Share your smile!

40. The final step before sending the body color.

41. Friendship.

42. Swim painted.

43. It is time to get down to business masters of window cases.

 

39. Share your smile!

40. The final step before sending the body color.

41. Friendship.

42. Swim painted.

43. It is time to get down to business masters of window cases.

39. Share your smile!

40. The final step before sending the body color.

41. Friendship.

42. Swim painted.

43. It is time to get down to business masters of window cases.

44. Clamps.

45. To say that the work is literally burning in the hands of masters, will not be enough — we need to see with their own eyes.

46. Size of the enterprise is impressive. The branch pipeline floats on two floors at a time.

47. It is time to get down to the final assembly line of buses. Every 45 minutes on the conveyor bridges installed every 90 engine.

48. At the request of the customer's machines are equipped with axles firm ZF, Raba or domestic KAAZ.

49. In this case, as seen in the photo, the bus mounted drive German manufacturer — ZF.

50. Selection of engine and gearbox also depends on the willingness of the customer. Wide range of machines, from domestic JAMZ and KAMAZ, to the best of imported samples of firms MAN, Caterpillar, Cummins. Transmission Voith, ZF.

52. Next comes the least interesting point docking of two halves of an articulated bus.

53. As you know, LiAZ one of the first factories who started manufacturing in Russia buses of similar design.

55. It was the beginning of mass production of the bus LiAZ 6212, off our streets began to disappear Hungarian "bunching" of Icarus.

56. Hydraulic cylinders in the node joints are equipped with electronic brains, and now to prevent a skid trailer and hard hitting in extreme positions, cylinders change the damping depending on the angular velocity of rotation.

57. On lyase applied new scheme — the drive
wheels on articulated buses are on the trailer. It was he who pushes the bus. Therefore, when the danger of folding on a slippery surface, the cylinders are locked mechanism.

58. The mechanism of articulation is about 1 million. Among them, the mechanism 700 thousand and 300 thousand more so-called "harmonica".

59. Doors ordinary.

60. And God forbid, "just in case".

61. The main customers of large fleets of LiAZ in cities.

62. A series of buses with yellow — orange color is used for the new program of the Moscow Government. Bright buses will run on dedicated lanes for passenger vehicles.

63.

64. Debugging and testing of electronics.

65. Refueling buses technical liquids. In this case, a bus air conditioning system refrigerant charge.

66. The driver's bus. In my opinion, everything is done on the level.

67. I have removed the newcomer to become the first passenger bus. Do not be surprised the lack of seats in the cabin. This is the order Mosgortransa apparently lifetime seat longer than the life of the bus.

68. But before leaving the factory gets on the bus line independent control. This special method of auditing car «CSA», is based on the international standards, its goal is to give an independent assessment of the quality of the car "from the perspective of the consumer."

69. And only then, the bus will go to the consumer, and to their passengers.

70. For organizing and conducting tours, thank you so much plant manager LiAZ Kazakov Alexander, as well as the director of department of Mass Communications, LLC "Russian Buses — GAZ Group" Voronina Ella Alexandrovna, and personally, PR manager Olga A. Fefelova.

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