8 months on the road and Mars Rover Curiosity landed on the surface of Mars. The heaviest unit in the history of the development of the people of this planet. The first photo, the first analysis of the surface. Gradually, the unit will include their devices and bring them to full capacity.
Updated photo gallery with the Mars rover Curiosity you can look at the official site
"This is a great day for the country," — said the head of NASA, Charles Bolden (Charlie Bolden). [
"I congratulate and thank all the men and women working at NASA who made this remarkable achievement a reality," — wrote President Barack Obama in his Twitter.
Experts of the flight control center in Pasadena, California shouts of joy greeted the successful landing. Overhead camera mounted on the rover has already handed over the first two pictures are from Mars, which shows the rover wheel, standing on the ground, and the shadow of the machine.
Currently rover using orbiter "Mars Odyssey" transmits telemetry information, as well as its first "weather report" — information about the temperature and pressure in the landing area.
The most critical and dangerous part of the expedition is completed, the new technology fit with the "sky crane", which themselves nasovtsy said that it "looks like a frenzy," successfully implemented.
Now Curiosity — the largest and most complex scientific apparatus on the surface of Mars — will gradually integrate their scientific instruments to conduct detailed geological and geochemical studies, to study the atmosphere and climate of the planet, look for water and traces of the organic matter. These data will help determine — whether Mars was once suitable for life, and is there a place suitable for life, now.
"Until the end, do not believe it. It's crazy, everything went according to schedule, as if there was no Freaky landing on Mars, and the train arrived on schedule, "- said the management at the center Maxim Litvak, a scientist from the Institute of Space Research.
He and his colleagues led by head of the laboratory space gamma spectroscopy IKI Igor Mitrofanov developed one of the rover's instruments — DAN neutron detector designed to search for signs of water and hydrated minerals.
In the coming days, experts will gradually include research and service equipment rover. In particular, on Monday will be rolled beam antenna, on Tuesday will be rolled out to the main mast of the television cameras. The first panorama of the landing site is planned to remove the medium. DAN instrument will be included for the first time on Thursday or Friday.
The "Mars Science Laboratory» (Mars Science Laboratory), whose total cost was $ 2.5 billion, was launched in 2004. Its main link — the rover Curiosity — the representative of the third generation of Mars rovers. It is far superior in its capabilities "ancestors": almost toy Sojourner, and a few more respectable Spirit and Opportunity.
By the size of the new rover is comparable to a small car, its weight is 899 kilograms (Spirit and Opportunity weighed 170 kilograms). On board Curiosity are ten scientific instruments a total weight of 75 pounds, which will allow the rover to carry out detailed geological and geochemical studies, to study the atmosphere and climate of the planet, look for water and traces of the organic matter and determine — whether Mars was once suitable for life, and is there a place suitable for life now.
Curiosity may be the new Martian longevity — a source of energy for it are not solar panels, and radioisotope thermoelectric generator. This "nuclear battery" could supply him with energy for 14 years and will do no matter the time of year or the weather.
Journey to Mars Curiosity began November 26, 2011 at Baikonur at Cape Canaveral. At this point between the Earth and Mars there was a distance of 204 million kilometers. The unit had to overcome 567 million kilometers to "catch up" with the planet.