Mars — A place of mysteries, human ambitions and desires. Many states want to get right to possess it. Here only can a person live in this hostile environment? Let's take a closer look at what we learned in the last month of the "Red Planet" and how it may affect its colonization in the near future?
Not so long ago, it became known that there is water on Mars. No, it's not the river and not on the surface of the oceans, it is presented in the form of ground ice, as well as in open areas in the regions of the polar caps. But recent studies conducted by spacecraft «Mars Express» launched into the orbit of the planet in 2003 showed that the water did previously occupied a vast territory. This is evidenced by the pictures taken by the camera system.
In this picture you can see the incredible size of the channel, located in an area called "Kasei Valles", The length of which is 1.55 million square kilometers.
Another interesting fact about Mars is that the Martian atmosphere is much more water vapor than in the atmosphere of our home planet. This discovery made the Martian Intelligence Unit MRO.
In the early scientists were confused by this fact because the whole planet is incredibly arid. It turned out that the answer to the riddle lies in a water-ice clouds of red giant. These water-ice mass at a height of 10 to 30 kilometers above the surface and play an important role in the circulation of substances planet.
The presence of water in different states without probation is a positive step for the future of the colonialists. Perhaps the project Mars One, which was repeatedly mentioned earlier and will be implemented over the next 10 years, but is still too much unknown to us alien planet.
So, last week, scientists at NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Specialists in Pasadena found that perchlorate, which cover a large blanket Mars incredibly toxic not only for humans but also for the whole organic. Furthermore, these substances have radioactive properties, so that the future of the colonists did not have a very sweet to not friendly to the planet earth dwellers.
First perchlorates were found on the surface of Mars in 2008, using the apparatus «Phoenix».
The ubiquitous Martian dust, perchlorates, radiation, high cost of water production, as well as a host of other factors, the scientists put the main question is: Are they so recklessly dispose of the lives of the colonists by sending in these extreme conditions?