Maytszishan. The centuries-old architecture of China

Maytszishan, "Wheat Mountain" — One of the largest Buddhist cave monasteries of China in the form of an anthill 142-meter height.

Located in Gansu Province, 45 km south-east from the city of Tianshui. Start of monastic life and the construction of the first caves belong to the period of the Later Qin Dynasty (384 — 417).

A total of 194 mountain grotto located: 54 — in the east, 140 — to the west. They are carved on the southern slope of the mountain, at an altitude of 80 m from the foot. Inside is a 7200 clay and stone sculptures, more than 1,300 sq.m. murals that were created with the 4th to the 19th century. Here you can trace the stages of development of sculpture in China.

In addition to sculptures, here was discovered more than 2,000 items of pottery, bronze, iron, jade, ancient books, documents, paintings and works of calligraphers. The highest statue reaches 16 meters from one cave to another can only be reached by a wooden walkway that passes over a cliff currently preserved as a museum, and many of the caves closed to the public.


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