CNews selected key projects related to information technology, which have been initiated or implemented during the years of the presidency of Dmitry Medvedev.
For the past four years — from 2008 to 2012., When he held the post of President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev — the country launched a number of initiatives related to the development of information technology and the use of IT to improve the quality of life of citizens.
Definitely it can be argued that such a focus of IT projects at the state level has not been given so far ever. This is evidenced by the fact that information technology among the five strategic areas of modernization of the Russian economy, and the fact that Russia is much strengthened its position in the ranking of countries in terms of e-government.
To a greater or lesser extent, all of these initiatives were accompanied by support for the president. CNews has chosen the most significant projects and activities, and offers readers a vote to express their opinions.
With an internet connection and all of Dmitry Medvedev began to form their image of the innovator before being elected President in 2008 in particular, in 2007, users of the web, on his initiative, steel all Russian schools (Although some regions could not afford the to pay for access). Then Medvedev demanded that computers and the Internet Library and health facilities. These projects have been less successful (the first President's statement on this dated the beginning of 2008, the last — the end of 2011). Connect to the internet officials was no less challenging. In 2011, according to the Ministry of Communications, only 13% of authorities have access to the Internet at a speed of 2 Mbit / s (metric, which focuses Ministry of Communications).
The introduction of free software in Russian schools and institutions of state power — is, perhaps, one of the favorite Dmitry Medvedev projects. At the very least, such a conclusion is due to the considerable attention that the President gave this direction. However, evaluating the success of the process of implementation of open source software and can be called the most controversial. Known as positive examples, and those who can hardly be regarded as such. Positive experience, among other things, is distribution of school development software and software infrastructure of the portal of public services, implemented in the ACT.
At the same time, can not be called successful continuation of the "school project" — abandoning the introduction of open source software in schools, the Ministry of Communications was limited to sending disks and training teachers. We should also mention the situation with the national software platform that was supposed to be the basis for use in government. As the Ministry of Communications has taken its prototype distribution of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 American of Red Hat, renamed "MSVSfera." Officially open the results of these works ministry refused, citing security concerns.
Launching the portal of public services
The site, with which it was possible to send an application for a passport or to find out about a prescription of penalties for violation of traffic was conceived in Russia long before the election of Dmitry Medvedev President. Project to provide electronic public services to the population (OGITS) had to earn a January 1, 2008, but this did not happen. Had promised to wait for two years when, in late 2009, the Ministry of Communications has launched a new team project Gosuslugi.ru. Step-by-step portal filled with various features and attracted more and more attention. According to the Ministry of Communications, at the end of 2011 were able to take advantage of electronic government services 20% of the citizens of the country.
Programme "Information Society"
In 2010 expired program "Electronic Russia", in connection with which there was such a need for a new document. Introduced program "Information Society" (It will be in effect until 2020) was more extensive. Unlike its predecessor, it is not limited to the plans of informatization of the state apparatus, and plans to penetration of IT in various spheres of life of Russians — until the culture and agriculture. To conclude that the weak initial elaboration of the program can be based on the fact that in second edition is virtually 100% different from the first. This applies to the activities and budget and targets.
The system of interagency electronic interaction (SMEV) building which involved the Russian authorities in recent years, is to allow citizens to public services in the single window. In the summer of 2012 officials in the regions will lose the right to demand that a citizen documents they may ask their colleagues from other departments. It is assumed that the commissioning of the system will significantly reduce the number of contacts between the citizen and official, and thus seriously speed up the process of obtaining needed services.
Universal Electronic Card (UEC) — another ambitious project, which in 2012-2013. should cover the whole of Russia. It is assumed that USC will be able to get everyone in the country. It will replace some of the documents (a common opinion on this subject does not exist yet), transport and bank cards, and will also serve as a key for access to the portal of public services. The ubiquity of the UEC was to begin in 2012, but stalled in connection with the transfer deadline launch regional segments SMEV.
Vertical IT power and personalization of responsibility
The importance of appearance in federal departments and agencies, as well as in the regional government level officials of deputy heads in charge of computerization, it is difficult to overestimate. Now every Russian may find, Who is to blame for the fact that interest him public services are working well or not working at all. A similar assessment tools and direct influence on the situation appeared in the country's leadership. For this purpose, in particular, has created a special government commission. And given the fact that the budget for IT expenses are allocated separately, it is possible to determine the officials of IT champions and constitute about ratings. Of course, to ensure full transparency of the processes of state informatization these measures are not enough. But the steps taken — is not enough.
A single contractor "Electronic Government"
Signature Dmitry Medvedev stood under document, who made "Rostelecom" single executor of the implementation in Russia "E-Government". The operator, which has the most extensive in the country wired network, now, in addition to the provision of telephone services, building data centers, has been connecting the region to SMEV, sells software for the organization of e-government services, developing cloud services. It is "Rostelecom" has been appointed general contractor of the project on the organization Surveillance of the presidential elections. State preferences under th
e control of the operator does not have caused excitement in the IT market, but, as it turned out, only to carry out projects on their own "Rostelecom" I could not. Private IT company and at the same time act as a contractor and as a competitor state operator.
Innograd Skolkovo is not built yet, but, apparently, has already begun to bear fruit. Recently, one of its residents — the company Parallels — announced the release of first commercial product for cloud service providers, developed with funds received from the Fund "Skolkovo". A company Abbyy, for example, promises, that the means of Skolkovo technology finalize Compreno, which has the potential to revolutionize the systems analysis, transfer and retrieval of texts in different languages. By the beginning of March 2012 131 IT company has enrolled Skolkovo. Cooperation with Solkovo said 25 international corporations. 12 of them, including IBM, Nokia, Intel, Ericsson, decided to create a corporate R &D centers. The project is under constant pressure of critics, for example, due to the unfortunate choice of location, but frankly negative feedback on the strategy, at least from an IT company has not yet sounded.
See also: IT Infrastructure Russia, businesses, ratings, analytics and tenders