Italian scientists from the Institute of Metis Richerche came to the conclusion that modern women dress up and wear a size smaller than their counterparts a half-century ago, wrote in the Corriere della Sera article, a translation of which was published "Interpress". According to the director of the Institute Bonifacio Flavio (Flavio Bonifacio), it reflects the social and cultural conditions prevailing in the world even after the war.
The study took into account two main parameters: body mass index (BMI) — weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters and the ratio of waist circumference to hip circumference (TB). When comparing BMI in men and women aged 18 to 75 years revealed that in all women with underweight 6 times more women than men. In the age group 25-34 years the figure differed by 8 times. And in the 18-24 weight deficit was observed in 17 per cent of girls.
At the same time, more than a third of Italians are overweight, mainly applies to women older than 40 years. It is also interesting that the weight of the subjects was lower, the higher their level of education. TB ratio of 0.85 is considered to be the norm, and the greater the number, the wider the waist. The researchers found that the Italians over 35 this figure varies between 0,83-0,85 depending on where you live. Whereas in women younger than 35 TB index was significantly lower than normal.
In 1964, the ratio of TB in 20-year-olds was 0.76, and BMI — 20.48 (WHO established norm — 18,5-25). In the period from 1985 to 2004 — the same figures were 0.72 and 20.30, respectively. According to Flavio Bonifacio, a new, more feminine, body, and was under the influence of various factors. "If today's 20-year-old suddenly have options Sophia Loren, she would immediately ran to a dietitian," — says the assistant professor of psychology and psychopathology of sexual development Sapienza University in Rome, Chiara Simonelli (Chiara Simonelli).
The problem of "degeneration" is relevant in our country. So, Novosibirsk scientists conducted the study found that the size of the pelvis at the Russian girls and women from 13 to 35 years behind age norms for 1-2 years. This is a matter of concern to gynecologists, as it can affect the flow of labor.