One step ahead of the cat: the freedom of speech on the Internet and how to suppress

Society
Yesterday Alexander Lukashenko has accused members of social networks in instigating the protests. Many online edition published the information, however, only from sources that the government plans to soon close all access to social networks VKontakte, Facebook and Twitter.

Some experts believe social media played a crucial role in the political mobilization of the revolutionary events of recent years, particularly in Moldova, Iran, as well as the latest revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere in the Arab world. While other experts believe the journalistic exaggeration thesis of the decisive role of social media in these events, a role they do play.

At least authoritarian countries now conduct a bitter struggle with the freedom of speech on the Internet.

In May, on the eve of World Press Freedom Day, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) released the report "10 Internet tools of the oppressors."

According to the report, some authoritarian regimes use the tools are extremely primitive — the Egyptian regime of Hosni Mubarak in the midst of the current mass protests just unplugged the Internet traffic on equal.

DOS-attacks are often used against websites of independent media in Belarus.

In other countries use more sophisticated tools, such as the so-called DOS-attacks, where an artificially created a flurry of requests stops the server. These attacks are often used against websites of independent media in Belarus.

The Chinese authorities are using more sophisticated methods. Investigative journalists receive an e-mail with useful information allegedly on behalf of the people they supposedly know. But in the post mounted spyware. Whoever sent it, is able to penetrate into the journalist's computer and monitor traffic and content of the information in it.

Among the countries that use online tools to suppress freedom of speech on the Internet, the report of the Committee to Protect Journalists called China, Burma, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. But as the most blatant noted Iranian practice.

During and after the presidential campaign of 2009, many observers have described how the opposition successfully used Twitter and Facebook for political mobilization and silly Iranian authorities that slept through the threat.

It was decided that all websites must be registered with the Ministry of Culture. Thousands of websites have been blocked.

But Iranian officials quickly drew attention to the problem and have developed methods to combat it. It was decided that all websites be registered with the Ministry of Culture, thousands of websites have been blocked, the government will allocate more funds for the organization tracking online. Also discussed prices for network access, high-speed Internet has become just too expensive for the average Iranians.

The authorities of Russia, Belarus, the Caucasus and Central Asia is also widely practiced by limiting the spread of news and information on the web. Monitored blogs, chat rooms and forums, which have until recently been free from such observations.

Authorities these countries used against independent online media legislation kiberzlachynstvah as well as legislation on libel and insult used against traditional independent media.
 
But, as evidenced by military history, for the invention of new types of armor are new types of shells that are destroying it.

The Obama administration is working to create a "shadow" of the Internet and the "shadow" of mobile communication systems that could be used dissidents in countries where the government is trying to block or filter access to the Internet.

New York Times reported in May that the Obama administration is working to create a "shadow" of the Internet and the "shadow" of mobile communication systems that could be used dissidents in countries where the government is trying to block or filter access to the Internet.
In a disconnection of communication with the outside world to access the Internet may be provided with a so-called "Internet in a suitcase." Bags themselves can be transferred to a country where there unrest or revolution, and thus, the telecommunications blockade imposed by the authorities of a State, may be broken.

Sample cellular network that provides a "shadow" mobile, in fact, is now operational in Afghanistan. On this project the Pentagon and the State Department spent $ 50 million

Also recently, the U.S. spent $ 19 million on the development of technology to combat Internet censorship in countries that restrict the access of its citizens to certain sites. First of cyber war will unfold in the direction of China, Iran and other authoritarian regimes that block the Internet.

The money will be spent on creating technologies that remove restrictions on access to many resources prohibited, in particular, the Western news sites, blogs, resources opposition. This is the first practical effect of the U.S. State Department after, as the Internet has been declared a strategic priority.

Assistant Secretary of State Michael Posner, in charge of human rights, said that the funds will go toward the development of advanced technologies that will be able to determine which Internet resources in different countries are blocked for users and to remove restrictions on access.

"In fact, we're going to return information which the authorities tried to block" — said Posner, comparing the attempts by the White House in opposition to censorship in authoritarian countries with a game of cat and mouse. — "We try to be one step ahead of the cat."

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