November 8, 2011 17:28
In 1828, a young French scholar Jean Francois Champollion began excavations in Egypt temples of Karnak and Luxor. Both temples were in Thebes, and were built for Pharaoh Rameses, who dedicated them to the sun god Amon-Ra.
In the very back of the temple complex, behind the columned hall, there was a statue of the sun god Amon-Ra. He was holding a sign of life, and drive his crown represents the sun.
Before him was a sacrificial altar, and the altar of rock hewn depth of 15 cm and a width of 50 three tracks.
They are a team of Jean Francois found the remains of glass in each of the color, red, blue and white, which apparently symbolized the three parts of Egypt. Trunks of columns and walls of the room were covered with reliefs with many different patterns.
Carved in stone, and then painted in bright colors, outlines the figure of slightly above background.
Central relief is a huge image of the pharaoh, beetle scarab, solar disk and the like boards studded with nails.
One relief shows the procedure of cooking ritual glass in special pots.
In Egypt, at that time already knew how to cook glass, but did not know how to make it transparent. Later, from the drawings of reliefs in the same part of the church was restored ancient procedure sacred rite.
Today we can say that the priests walking on a path of broken glass into a religious trance, and came to the altar in this state of altered consciousness. Only then will their words became an oracle, and their mouths saying the God of the Sun. It should be noted that the priests carried the cup to the altar, brim full of sacrificial butter and as the images on the same walls, not a drop was spilled, but if they did, they would have waited for death.
Archaeological work Champollion worthily continued large French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero, who managed to unite a tireless energy archaeologist with extensive knowledge philologist and historian, broad-minded.
Carefully examined sakkarskie pyramid V-VI Dynasties, he managed to get into them, and in the inner burial chamber of the pyramid Egyptologist found interesting religious texts that Maspero published under the title "The inscriptions sakkarskih pyramids."
When interpreting these texts, it became clear that the found similar deepening of all the churches were filled with either colored glass or glass Libyan meteorite, the purest natural glass is almost entirely composed of silica (SiO2 = 98%).
That it was discovered by Howard Carter in the tomb Tutanhomona, 15 huge pots with broken off sharply edged clearly specifically divided.
Among other treasures was a carved symbol of fertility — Scarab. This central piece of the gold necklaces worn by the pharaoh, who ruled in 1333-1323 gg. BC, was also made of the Libyan meteoritic glass.
In Egyptian mythology the scarab, an Egyptian "Khepera" was worshiped as a sacred animal of the gods of the sun and was a symbol of the creative power of the sun, super abilities, clairvoyance and rebirth.
Khepri in ancient Egypt is analogous Ganesha Indian and Chinese Hotei, he was responsible for the success in all cases, positive attitude and strong, unbreakable health.
In the Valley of the Kings, located on the west bank of the Nile opposite Luxor, found a number of images, where the scarab beetle leads to the Light of Knowledge and Enlightenment on the roads of glass Pharaoh and the Priest, holding their hands and feet on the right left.
In an image Scarab in Egypt often make seals, numerous magical items and amulets. Often at the back of the beetle one of the central pieces of extruded disc of the Sun was a picture, the light "Day of Knowledge", and from the abdomen Star Light "Knowledge Nights" and under the stars and the sun from both sides portrayed the way to achieve them, the road is made of glass, as a line of thorns. Typically, these amulets were made of white, red or sinebiryuzovogo opaque glass, but particularly valuable relics master carved from golden Libyan transparent glass.
This is how the appearance of the Libyan glass Mark Boelou 28 million years ago a meteorite with a diameter of 30 meters at a speed of 20 km / sec burst into the earth's atmosphere. Its dense layers of his torn, leading to release of huge amounts of thermal energy. Power of the blast was equal to the power of a hydrogen bomb explosion trehmegatonnoy.
Heated to 2000oC air hit the Earth's surface and melted the desert sand in an area of hundreds of square kilometers, like sugar under a gas burner.
Pieces of the glass and are now in the desert of Egypt. It is quite expensive and mystical mineral. But at the time of the Pharaohs it was only object of worship ritual of walking on glass.