Defense kosimcheskimi Russian MFA was declared a closed competition to develop a system «Watercolor»
Roskosmos and the Ministry of Defense began developing a unique multi-level satellite reconnaissance system. Estimated project duration of 5 years. A senior source in the Defense Ministry told «Izvestia» that the competition for developing the framework of this system won the Central Research Institute of Radio behalf Berg (CRIRE).
— Base system will be complex transceiver stations scattered throughout the area of the country. Their price — about 900 million rubles. Competition in the midst of design bureaus and research institutes military-industrial complex (MIC) in the closed mode announced late last year. Not counting CRIRE participated in it five companies, including Scientific and Production Association «Scientific-Research Institute of distant radio» — said the source.
Development works were named «Watercolor». In June CRIRE must protect its own project, then begin the main work. As a result, the project will involve Roscosmos enterprise specializing in satellite and radio communication systems.
«Watercolor» will be the most excellent intelligence system in the history of Russia. Roscosmos comment «Izvestia» abandoned and in various MIC enterprises which applied to contracts they say on the criteria of anonymity that the requirements of the competition was very tough and they turned serious struggle, hidden from prying eyes.
According to the terms of reference, ground transceiver stations should be more than 5 from Kaliningrad to Kamchatka. They constitute a kind of motherboard, which will join other promising systems and military satellites radar, radio and imagery intelligence.
This basic level of «Watercolors.» As she begins to form on the orbit satellites will be displayed other intelligence systems. Because one of the requirements specification — provide flexibility to meet future levels. The full amount until the secret levels.
In the first step megasystem intelligence work in the interests of the Navy (Navy) of. Create a parallel set of «Liana» is also designed to detect ships. Orbital group of the project will consist of four radar satellites «Pion-NCC» and «Lotus-C.»
They replace the old Soviet system of «Legend» — «Virgin Lands», but «Liana» too perfect. A source in the Main Command of the Navy said «Izvestia» that information from «Liana» comes to ships and air bases with a certain delay and neuvvyazkami.
— Say about the causes of delays, I can not, because they are embedded in the very methods of work «Liana» and this hidden information. But I can say that «Watercolor», as I understand the specification, solve this dilemma and its terminals will set immediately on all large ships and air bases. Time delay is also likely, but of a different kind, because information is processed at communications. All the same, the consumer, in other words the commander or chief of staff, will get all the data actually online — said the source «Izvestia».
In general, experts yet accurate assessments of prospects for global satellite system. President of the Institute for Strategic Assessments Alexander Konovalov believes that before creating a global system, you must first bring to mind special.
— Reconnaissance satellites stroll along their orbits, their their tasks, satellite global positioning systems — on their own. If all data from their blend in one pile can be obtained an unlimited number of «dirty» of information. Although, of course, in the standard, such a system is necessary, — explained Konovalov.
He also added that the creation of the measured satellite group requires its own element base, which in Russia at the moment.
According to representatives of the defense industry, ground component «Watercolors» will claim more effort and investment than of cosmic. So favorite competition for the project transceiver stations cost 900 million rubles gains control of part of the price of the entire treaty.