The main event of the week was the International exhibition of arms and military equipment Russian Arms Expo-2013, launched on September 25 at the site «Prospector» Nizhniy Tagil. RAE-2013 earning it the title of the 1st of the world’s largest military-technical salons. This year, close to the landfill from Nizhny Tagil has become a platform to showcase the products of more than 400 companies and organizations from several countries. Level of international interest in the exhibition clearly indicated by the fact that RAE-2013 delegations from fifty zabugornyh countries.
Russian defense industry showcased RAE-2013 several new developments, and modernization projects of existing equipment. Fascinating feature of today’s show was quite a huge number of announcements: manufacturers of military equipment for a few days before the event began to talk about their own updates, the show which is scheduled for RAE-2013. With all this information about one of the most fascinating exhibits remained closed to the public until the opening of the cabin.
For a few days before the opening of the exhibition in the web photo appeared with a wheeled armored cannon armament. In the photo reference was closed tarpaulin, which is why immediately began arguing about what exactly the car is ready to be shown at RAE-2013. The answer to this question is more interesting than some voiced version. It turns out that Russian enterprises «Uralvagonzavod» and CRI «Petrel», together with the French companies Renault Trucks Defense and Nexter Systems are developing promising wheeled infantry fighting vehicle languid class. While the project is at the stage of working out the concept, but some of its features are already currently allow read about pretty great prospects. On a common chassis for modern armored 8×8 tower installed with an automatic gun, 57 mm. Ability of such instruments is significantly higher than that of at least some other guns used on modern BTR or BMP. It is expected that promising Russian-French infantry fighting vehicle zabugornyh intrigue customers.
Until a few months back the clock, it became clear that «Uralvagonzavod» prepares for RAE-2013 its latest development, which is already known to the upcoming development machine. During the exhibition the first show refreshed tank support combat vehicle, received index BMPT-72. The purpose of this upgrade was to increase combat machine features «Object 199», also ensure the harmonization with the existing technology. BMPT-72, as is clear from its name, is based on the chassis of the T-72. The main features of the armament remained the same, but have changed some of its elements. Thus, the use of new electronic systems has allowed to reduce the combat vehicle crew of up to 3 people. Provided bulletproof Ballistic protection and a number of units of the tower. It is understood that the car BMPT-72 will not only be built, and the rebuild of the T-72 tanks. In the latter case, the base tank is undergoing renovations, during which on request possibility of substitution of the power plant. Allegedly BMPT-72 retained all fighting properties inherent in the previous car of this class, and according to some characteristics of its superior.
With a ruler Russian tank support combat vehicles linked some more news. Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said that this class of military equipment will be improved and there will be new models coming BMPT. In the future, with the means to make a machine gun armament missile based on the heavy armored platform «Armata». So Makarov, all Russian BMPT will use the chassis, with the applicable uniform in the army tanks. Given the lack of standard platform finished «Armata» Nizhnetagilskom enterprise «Uralvagonzavod» while it is necessary to plan in accordance with the current state of the industry and troops. CEO «Uralvagonzavod» O. Sienko said that the establishment BMPT-72 can be launched in the recent past. Specific terms were not called, what can explain the lack of orders of the Defense Ministry. Yet, quite a long stroll on the likely adoption rumors BMPT-72 armament.
A huge number of T-72 tanks operating in the Russian armed forces and several zabugornyh armies, forcing tank designers create different options for upgrading this technology. The exhibition RAE-2013 «Uralvagonzavod» presented his own version of the complex additional remedies designed to ensure the survivability of the tank in the criteria of modern urban combat. To protect against antitank weapons and various explosive devices T-72 tank is proposed to equip several additional modules. Thus, frontal and side hull and turret are invited to install the modules of the system dynamic protection. Feed the hull and turret covered protivokumulyativnymi grills. For protection against radio-controlled explosive devices T-72 tank with a set of remedies carries electronic countermeasures system RP-377UVM1L. Task of this system is the oppression of frequencies used for command mines. Unusual way solved the problem of the protection of the tank commander, leading the fire out before it hatches installed machine gun. On the edges and the back flap closed commander of complex shape that protects against bullets and shrapnel. To monitor the situation, any of five armed guard bulletproof glass panels. The case of motion through the rubble in a set of remedies for the T-72 dozer included TBS-86. With the help of this unit can be executed in the aisles obstacles also dig trenches. After installing complex remedies combat weight of the T-72 rises to 50 tons, which may lead to a reduction of its mobility.
Another version of the modernization of the T-72, presented at the RAE-2013, involves the installation of complex active protection «Arena-E.» This set allows you to automatically monitor the situation around the tank and stalk him soaring anti-tank missiles or grenades. «Arena-E» without the help of other manufactures detection of threats and gives the command to start the protective ammunition. The complex of active protection is able to destroy anti-tank weapons, flying up to the tank at speeds up to 1000 m / s with at least some direction in azimuth. Sector defeat in elevation — from -6 ° to +20 °. Maximum reliability is assured redundant twice in each direction.
Exhibition guests RAE-2013 could not only look over exposed design on billboards and exhibition venues, and watch them work. For example, during demonstrations technique was shown refreshed antiaircraft self-propelled ZSU-23-4M4 «Shilka-M4.» From past modifications newcomer ZSU different composition avionics and weapons. Instead of an old analog electronics to «Shilka-M4» used modern digital devices. In addition, on a fighting machine installed new night vision devices that do not require a backlight, the new communications equipment, control system of electronic equipment and air-conditioner. Fighting ability ZSU-23-4M4 significantly increased through the use of anti-aircraft missile system «Sagittarius.» At the rear of the tower are two launchers with attachments for transport and launch container missiles family «Needle». Through the use of guided missiles as distance increases, and the opportunity to engage targets.
Noteworthy that apart from upgrading combat vehicles the Russian defense industry is intensively engaged in projects for other use. So, the exhibition Russian Arms Expo-2013 was shown a new set of fire and rescue, made on the basis of the T-80. Fire truck on the base of the tank was designed to «Uralvagonzavod» commissioned by Russian Ministry of Defence. Substantially completed on tank chassis mounted set of tools required to extinguish fires ammunition depot. Armored vehicle armed with a water tank capacity of 25 cubic meters. meters and as needed can send a jet to a distance of 100 meters. Fire truck based on the T-80 is equipped with cameras and remote control systems, which is able to operate thanks to without endangering the crew. At the moment, the last tests are newest fire truck, and in the foreseeable future will begin retrofitting the remaining T-80 tanks. In the upcoming planned to do a similar project, which will be used in the chassis of the T-72.
RAE-2013 exhibition has become a platform for different applications. Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said the actions of the country, aimed at optimizing the economic processes in the defense industry. In order to reduce the costs of re-created at the moment the legal framework, designed to address issues of pricing for products defense companies. First be made emphasis on flexible prices. According to the views of Deputy Prime Minister, it would be useful for the Ministry of Defense, and for companies. This approach will allow more accurately plan the creation of art with sverhtehnologichny cycle of about 5-7 years. With all this Rogozin said that at least some value in the first contract and the guaranteed income must be laid performer. Task of the country is not only rearmament, and the development of the industry. Therefore, one should take into account the interests of the latter.
In the future, industry and the military department will continue to contract, implying not only the supply of weapons or equipment, and full service for a lifetime. Military-Industrial Commission has already adopted a corresponding solution, the number of similar contracts will grow. Views on Rogozin, contracts are one complete cycle of the main ways of performing the current state applets rearmament.
Exposition of Russian Arms Expo-2013 was divided into two parts. One of them opened for guests, and get the second could only spices and bureaucrats who have special permission. In the closed part of the exhibition were shown a few new developments that it is too early to show the general public. According to some reports, the heads of the Defense Ministry and the country showed promising tank on the platform «Armata». Visit the exhibition, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said in a closed exposure had a lot of fun. He did not rule out that the Victory Parade in 2015 may seem some standards that have shown only a narrow circle of high-ranking officials of the government and the Ministry of Defence. Medvedev said that most of the projects presented at the exhibition, not only developed, and is preparing to begin mass production.
Recently some changes pereterpit landfill «Miner», for many years a platform for the exhibition of arms and military equipment. CEO «Uralvagonzavod» O. Sienko said that this year the organizers of the cabin faced with certain restrictions neuvvyazkami and infrastructural nature. In this regard, already government issued a decree, in accordance with which the landfill «Prospector» will be expanded and upgraded. So Makar, RAE-2015 exhibition will be held on the new level.