So, interesting facts and figures that characterize the modern school.
Public or private?
In Russia now, according to statistics, about 70,000 schools, with an enrollment of 20 million children. Coverage of general education in the Russian Federation is still, in spite of everything, one of the highest in the world and accounts for 81% of the population between the ages of 7 and 17 years inclusive. However, the total number of pupils in day schools by 2008-2010 will be reduced in comparison with 1999 by 30%. This situation is due to the reduction of fertility in Russia in the last ten years.
Private schools in Russia there are about 700 (of which about 280 in Moscow). In private Russian schools enrolled 45,000 children, representing 5% of the total number of students. The average number of the Moscow City Schools — 550-950 people, private — from 100 to 200.
What Russians think about the school
The sociological surveys conducted by the agency ROMIR Monitoring. All were interviewed 1,500 people aged 18 years and older.
In your opinion, who is the current school to the highest authority?
- Parents of 36%
- Friends 23%
- Heroes movies, books 23%
- My grandmother (grandfather) 4%
- Brother (sister) 3%
- Teachers 3%
- Politicians 1%
- Other 6%
- Do not know 2%.
Where is learning your son / daughter?
- In a normal school 23%
- In high school (gymnasium) 4%
- In a special school 1%
- I do not have school-age children 72%.
Do you pay for your child's education? (We consider the opinion of the respondents who have a child of school age).
- No, I'm paying 83%
- Yes, paying 17%.
Are you satisfied with the results of your child's school? (We consider the opinion of the respondents who have a child of school age).
- Completely satisfied 24%
- Rather pleased with the 52%
- Rather dissatisfied 20%
- Completely dissatisfied 3%
- Do not know 1%.
Do you think that the school should be doing in the first place — to give knowledge or educate a whole person?
- Giving the necessary knowledge 21%
- To educate a person 13%
- Doing both equally 66%.
A study at the school is dangerous for health!
Doctors are sounding the alarm: in 1997 among adolescents 15 to 17 years, the overall incidence of somatic increased by 18%, the endocrine system — more than 30%. Digestive diseases has increased by 14% to 27% increase in the number of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, myopia is more common in 2.8 times.
Pupils often have to suffer and from neuropsychiatric disorders and diseases. Note that in the educational institutions of the new type — the "advanced" schools, high schools, grammar schools — a deepening of knowledge is achieved through a significant compaction of the school curriculum. Sometimes the seal is much higher than physiological abilities and capabilities of schoolchildren. In these schools, school day, including school and homework, increased to 10-12 hours in primary and 15-16 hours in high school! As a result, a new type of healthy school students remainder 2%, whereas in conventional schools — 10.1%. In adolescents of "strong" elementary school physical fatigue can manifest itself in an increase in blood pressure, neurosis reactions, sleep disorders.
According to special studies, up to 70% of students drink alcohol, of which 10% are at risk of developing alcoholism, and 30% of students smoke, and 6% occasionally use drugs.
On their daily bread
More precisely, the food at school. In the days of our childhood breakfast was assigned to a big change after the second lesson, and sedate in pairs, each class took turns heading to the dining room, where she had a patty-bag or curd cheese with jelly. The quality was, of course, standard-obschepitovskie, but it's better than nothing. Then came the moment when fed breakfast at school longer, and then the students began to carry sandwiches and thermoses, weighing down the already difficult daily wear. Fortunately, almost all schools meals there. In some schools they bring the food already in hot form in the other — the breakfasts cooked on the spot. Some schools even arrange a buffet.
Who would have thought that school lunches can also be in need of reform? But did you go … For example, the Municipality of the City of New York made the decision: in school lunches should not be sweet. Under the threat of exclusion are also pasta and potatoes. Popular among teenagers pizza and chicken nuggets (fried pieces of meat in breadcrumbs) will remain on the menu, but the portions are reduced. The schools now banned the sale of chewing gum, candies, cookies and lemonade. Instead, students will be offered dishes of vegetables, dairy products and fruits. This revolutionary solution is dictated by the grim statistics — now about one in five New York schoolboy obese.
They care about healthy eating and school in Japan: here school Breakfast includes a mandatory two-three quail eggs, and crabs, which, incidentally, is supplied from Russia.
It is interesting that the boys and girls in school cafeterias choose different dishes. The researchers analyzed the center of Sodexho than due to selection of children and adolescents from 5 to 17 years in eleven different countries. It turned out this:
- Children insist on their right to choose the food to taste. In 1960, 76% of the children were willing to "have something to give," but today the figure is only 10%.
- Over the past three decades, the total daily caloric intake at school products as a whole declined.
- The boys spend on a meal three times more money than girls.
- At breakfast, girls spend one and a half times more time than boys, but boys prefer longer sit at dinner (lunch).
- Boys consume calories in an average of 56% more than the girls.
- 73% of girls said they were on a diet for the past twelve months.
- About 20% of boys stated overweight compared to the norm.
School years wonderful …
But how many of them — wonderful years? The question for the Russian patient, now a lot of debate about whether a twelve-year education. The idea to increase the term of study at one year there was five years ago and caused a strong reaction among many politicians. And how old the children are learning in foreign schools?
In general, all over the world, children have to spend more time in school. According to UNESCO's Education for 2004, Finland, New Zealand and Norway, children can expect to receive an education for more than thirteen years (after the primary school "ten-year" children can enroll in high school or cooking in high school, college or professional , and in high school, and college studies last three years). Thirteen years — almost two times higher than in Bangladesh or Myanmar (Burma), and four times more than in Niger or Burkina Faso.
In Europe, Latin America and Oceania, on average, children are learning in primary and secondary schools around the age of twelve. They are followed by North American students who spend at school a little more than eleven years. For Asia, the figure is nine years old, and for Africa — seven and a half years.
The last thing (a little more than two years old) attended by children in Afghanistan. Statistics for the past ten years there has been a general increase in attendance in primary and secondary schools around the world. According to UNESCO, the most significant changes have taken place in Africa, in some countries the education rose by 2.3 years, and in Uganda and the Comoros — for four years. In other countries, such as Congo, the length of schooling, on the contrary decreased.
According to experts, there is a direct relationship between the duration of education and national wea
School Uniforms: Pros and Cons
In order to resolve the issue of school uniforms, Ministry of Education has decided to conduct a survey by an anonymous survey of students, teachers and parents. The results showed: in the introduction of school uniforms made by 70% of teachers, 55% of parents and 24% of the school.
By the way, in Japan, now the school has suddenly become the standard form of teenage fashion. Now the girls are out of school are something like his school uniform: white blouse, navy blue pleated short skirt, high, knee-length stockings and in harmony with them loafers.
Canadian students wear plaid vest and matched them in the tone of shorts or skirt, white blouse and knee socks.
However, the concept of form — the thing is pretty vague, due to national mentality and traditions. For example, in Swaziland, the government banned schoolgirls to wear to school mini-skirts. From now on, all the girls are older than ten years old must wear skirts below the knee.
In Iran, on the contrary, the decision of the extraordinary mitigation requirements for school uniform. Female students from an elementary school is now allowed to wear capes are not black or brown, but lighter colors — blue, beige, green and pink, with the proviso that these bright colors will not shock anyone, and in tune with the very spirit of the school. "Of course, preferably wearing the veil, — said the liberal ministry of education — but specifically to force schoolgirls to this we will not."
According to the magazine "Good Housekeeping"