March 6, 2012 19:29
On this special service — military intelligence SMERSH ("Death to Spies"), bringing terror to the enemies of the USSR since its inception in 1943, said until now. Only after nearly 70 years of declassified "Top Secret" with dozens of successful operations conducted counterintelligence.
Agent in the Supreme
Paints a picture of those years this writer helped to a former chief of SMERSH Infantry Division, retired colonel AI Afonin. In his time doing work Alexey chief of the special department of the Stalingrad Front, Kursk captured German resident, acted in Berlin, took over the intelligence center and the Abwehr, was awarded by the chief of SMERSH Abakumov.
According Afonina, the main purpose of military counter-intelligence was not only opposition to the Abwehr, but also the introduction of our employees to the highest echelons of the Reich, the German special forces, the elimination of subversive groups, conducting radio game with the enemy, the fight against traitors. Most interestingly, the name SMERSH thought Stalin. The proposal to include counterintelligence SMERNESH ("Death to the German spies"), the Supreme said: "It is not only against German spies. We graze exploration and other countries. Simply called SMERSH. All members of the State Defense Committee (GKO) agreed with Stalin. The new body was created under his personal control to deal with the Abwehr, get even … to the Kremlin.
As reported in his book "Exploration and Kremlin" PA Sudoplatov since spring 1942 Abwehr main attention on the Wehrmacht to cook summer offensive in the Caucasus and Stalingrad. To this end, the Secretariat ICT was introduced Brigade Commissar Vladimir Minishky, was captured in October 41 th at Vyazma, before the war — an employee of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Agent 438 — a nickname he got in the Abwehr — a few days before the start of the Battle of Stalingrad, presented to the German intelligence center complete information ("He minuted meeting of ICT", — explained Afonin.) On the troops of the Stalingrad sector and measures to protect the city.
Capture agent 438 and failed. Stalin was furious.
The disaster at Kharkov in the spring 42 th, march Army Paulus at Stalingrad, German intelligence schools and intensification of subversive groups dictated the need for security services that can not only withstand the Abwehr, but to surpass it.
Severe blow to Hitler's intelligence, according to General Sudoplatov, who led sabotage NKVD, began operation "Berezina". 44th summer in Belarusian forests were surrounded by more than two thousand Germans under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Sherhorna. Abwehr, connecting ace saboteur Otto Skorzeny, tried to sabotage squad of encirclement, in the rear of the Red Army. But three groups were sent to establish contact with the detachment did not return back. Only the fourth managed to find it.
Within two to three nights Luftwaffe dropped for a unit loads. But all they got for other purposes, because instead Sherhorna colonel, who was taken prisoner, the group was introduced very similar to it Maklyarsky colonel and major security William Fisher (Rudolf Abel). Leaders Abwehr after radioseansa with "Sherhornom" ordered him to break with the group in Germany. But none of the Nazis to the Fatherland not reached.
Hunting for Stalin
One of the most successful operations of SMERSH was to prevent the assassination of Stalin's 44th summer. It attempted many times, but this time the Abwehr prepared for a terrorist attack thoroughly. At first, everything went according to plan. After landing in Smolensk, seasoned saboteur Tavrin and his wife, radio operator, sitting on a motorcycle with a sidecar, took the direction of Moscow. Dressed in the uniform of the Red Army Major, a Star of Hero of the Soviet Union and the medals on his chest, was flawless documents Tavrin Head of SMERSH 39th Army.
Especially for "Major" in Berlin was printed issue of "Truth" with a decree awarding him a star of the Hero. However, managers Abwehr could not know that our agent informed of the German capital of the impending action. Was instantly put into action a plan "Interception".
Bike stopped on the road, "Rzhev — Moscow". Patrol scrutinized documents. Tavrin hurried them, they say, driven by an urgent package to Moscow. Chief Patrol alerted the behavior of "major." When asked where they follow, he called a distant town. But the night was pouring rain, and the motorcycle and its passengers were completely dry.
— We'll have to go to the guardhouse, we were instructed when checking documents communicate with management, — the chief of patrol. The room was stuffy. Tavrin took leather jacket, and it became clear that he was not the one for whom he is. Foreseen everything Skorzeny Tavrin train, except one — introduced the plan "Interception" new order of wearing awards. Instant fight — and saboteur twisted hands stared at others. He tried to protest, but after a patrol entered Tavrin companion, bringing the lessons of the bike station, explosives, and wads of money with unprecedented arms.
— Especially for the assassination of Stalin in laboratories Reich Security Main Office was developed rocket weapons "pantserknakke" is a miniature grenade — said A. Afonin. — It fits easily into a coat sleeve. As a fallback Tavrin was equipped with a powerful explosive device hidden in a briefcase. In case you are not able to commit a terrorist attack at the first attempt, the "major" had a guest ticket at a meeting in Moscow on November 7, 1944. Saboteur was planning to leave the briefcase next to the bureau in the meeting room. I read a personal matter Tavrin, interrogation protocol. The enemy is said, though it did not save him. After use in the radio game with the Abwehr, he was shot.
Who are you, Frau Olga?
In the spring of 1941 in SMERSH was receiving information from Berlin, the famous actress Olga Chekhova, wife nephew AP Chekhov. In the early 20's, she went to live in Germany. Brilliantly played dozens of roles, Olga became a "state actor," Reich, a favorite of Hitler, Eva Braun's girlfriend.
Actress and was friends with the wives of Himmler, Goering, Goebbels. Everyone was fascinated by her beauty and wit. With a request to put in a word for her Führer turned Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, the Gauleiter, ministers, industrialists, designers. It was about the development of "weapons of retribution", the construction of underground factories and missile ranges. Actress log all requests in a little book in a gilded cover. The contents of these records became known not only to Hitler …
— It is impossible to determine when it recruited our intelligence, but I'm sure — did Sudoplatov, — says Alexander Afonin. —
By Olga in the spring of 41 th Center received a top-secret information coming of Hitler. The higher ranks of the Reich at parties and celebrations blurts out state secrets, not knowing what next to them — the Soviet intelligence officer.
From Chekhov to SMERSH learned about the date of the German offensive at Kursk, on the amount of military equipment, to curtail on the orders of Hitler's nuclear program, on separate negotiations with the Germans Dulles.
Chekhov intended to use in the attempt on Hitler's life, but at the last moment Stalin hung up. Gestapo knocked down, figuring out where they leak. Soon came to Chekhov. Question her took Himmler himself. He showed up at her home, but
spy, knowing about the visit, invited to tea … Hitler.
Arrested her at the very end of the war officers SMERSH was charged with harboring an adjutant of Himmler. At first interrogation Chekhov called its operational nickname — "Actress". By order of Abakumov her secretly taken to Moscow. There were Chekhov was truly royal honors. After a conversation with the head of SMERSH took its Beria, after Chekhov invited to a reception to Stalin. Her stay in Moscow was held in the strictest confidence. Olga is not even allowed to see her daughter. On his return to Berlin, the Soviet occupation authorities provided SAVE permanent alimony. She wrote a book, "My watch is different," but made no mention of links with intelligence. Only a secret diary, found after death of Olga, and evidence Sudoplatov say about it as deeply conspiratorial scout.
SMERSH, lasted only three years (in 1946, he was transferred to the Ministry of State Security), has left the bright trace in history. Although in fairness it must be said that smershevtsy participated in the deportation of the North Caucasus, the Crimea, and Kalmykia and the massacre of the Cossacks in Lienz, and in the most severe "test" of hundreds of thousands of Soviet prisoners of war.
Chef SMERSH General Abakumov was arrested in 1951 and later executed.