Stages of speech development in children

How is the child's speech

Already in the first half of life, when communication with the adult child is purely emotional, laid the foundation for future speech and communication with meaningful words.

By the end of 1 month living a healthy baby is already responding to treatment: stop crying, focuses on the adult. In3 months when dealing with an adult baby comes alive, "Hook." Dominated by vowels and consonants r, k, n.

In5 months baby reacts to the direction of the sound, "sings" changing the tone of voice. Go to6 months appears first syllable "ba" or "ma". There is an initial understanding of reverse speech: the child listens to the voice of an adult learns a familiar voice.

In8 months there is talk, that is, repetition of identical syllables: "Ba-ba" "Yes," "Pa-pa" etc. In the speech sounds are used: p, b, m, r, k, e, a. Go to10 months baby uses to communicate at least 1-2 "Bubbling words" (such as "Lala", "woman").

In 1 year child uses already 3-4 "Bubbling word" understand the individual words, relates them to specific objects. Understands simple instructions, accompanied by gestures ("kiss my mother", "where the pope?", "Give me pen", "no"). The first meaningful words of the baby occur by the end of the first year of life. Period of one to three years is characterized by a rapid increase in vocabulary in children. This is due to the fact that the activity of the child becomes more complex and varied. He met with various properties of objects, sets the simplest connection between them, sums on similar grounds. However, the ability to understand the meaning of a generalized, yet sufficiently developed.

1 year 3 months. Vocabulary increases to 6 words, the child understands simple instructions without gesture, familiar words shown in the picture.

1 year 6 months. Shows one of the body parts vocabulary 7-20 words.

1 year 9 months. Shows the three parts of the body, uses the phrase of two words ("Mama, di", "Let Lala"). Vocabulary of 20 words.

2 years. The child shows the five parts of the body, has a vocabulary of at least 50 words correctly understands and performs a two-step instructions ("Go into the kitchen and bring the cup"), is not it uses the pronoun I, you, me. For two years the child learns already sounds: p, b, m, f, c, t, d, n, q, r, s. Sibilant sounds (s, s, c), hissing (w, w, h, m), and sonoristic (p, l), he usually skips or replaces.

2 years 6 months. The child understands the designation of actions in different situations ("show me who sit who are asleep"), the meaning of prepositions in a familiar particular situation ("What are you sitting on?"). Correctly pronounces the sounds: a, s, l, repeat two digits in the correct sequence, the notion of "one".

3 years. Vocabulary 250-700 words, the child uses the proposals offive to eight words mastered plural words, calls your name, gender and age; understands the value of simple prepositions — performs tasks such as "positive cube, cup," uses a simple sentence, prepositions and conjunctions because if, when. The kid understands Read short stories and fairy tales.

4 years. In the speech already meet complex sentences, prepositions are used for, to, instead of after, that unions where, how much. Vocabulary 1500-2000 words. Child correctly pronounces the hissing sounds w, w, h, u, and u sound. Disappears relaxed pronunciation of consonants.

5 years. Vocabulary increases to2500-3000. The words have no gaps, permutations of sounds and syllables. The proposal uses all the parts of speech. Child masters all the sounds of the native language and uses them correctly in speech; actively uses generalizing words ("clothes", "animals").

7 years. Dictionary increased to 3,500 words, it actively accumulate shaped words and phrases set phrases (the crack of dawn, in haste, etc.) are assimilated the rules of grammar. The child is actively trying to explain the meaning of words, reflects on the kind of nouns. It develops language and speech attention, memory, logical thinking and other psychological conditions necessary for the further development of the child's success in school.

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