Shock aircraft carrier naval forces of the United States played a significant role in any regional conflict, at least some scale. As part of the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier strike force combined multipurpose aircraft carriers, carrier-based aircraft, also mnogtselevye submarines and surface missile ships. They are one of the main components of the Navy and are a specific kind of IUD. They are actually used in each step of warfare.
According to U.S. military doctrine, the initial step in the confrontation aircraft carrier strike force designed to deter the enemy by a show of force, to promote the military buildup in the area of combat operations, as a preparatory step, and in the process it.
In the case of offensive or counter-offensive operations aircraft carrier strike groups and joints take on the role of advanced military echelon, which Hassle promotes the destruction of enemy forces and achieve the stabilization of the situation in the zone of action. In addition they often use to block, to ensure the safety and security of ships and to conduct amphibious operations with air support troops.
Note that the beginning of the new century, the introduction changed the very nature of naval forces, as most of the operations and combat operations conducted in the coastal marine area and not in open ocean waters. Many experts believe that in the modern criteria of special importance is the need for the rule of merit in the coastal waters together with the establishment of control over the air space over the territory of the enemy. This balance of forces will contribute to the support of aviation and ground forces.
Thus, in the case of being in the coastal areas of advanced CSG will be performing as part of the first tier, performing tasks to deter enemy forces and providing conditions for all other military components.
The conquest of domination (in the air, at sea and on land) in the coastal areas has tremendous value for the freedom of action of their own or allied forces by attacking banks and confine the enemy forces during their counter-offensive operations.
The command of the U.S. Navy wants to use the more fine-esteem, which can be obtained on the merit of advantages in air and sea supremacy. Because in the middle of the main challenges that it poses to the aircraft carrier strike groups, it may be noted holding maneuver and decisive actions related to deliver a decisive blow on the main strategic targets and enemy forces means the use of their vulnerabilities. Specifically, these attacks have hit the more important for the enemy objects, without which the subsequent conduct of military operations would be impossible. In the middle of such objects may be not only a military dimension, namely, control systems, clusters of troops or military equipment, and facilities that are of economic or administrative and political importance, and are able to influence the battle potential enemy.
In order to more perfectly achieve its objectives, means the introduction of not only the fire and the electronic means for the purpose of disabling systems of control of the forces of the enemy.
Based on practice implementation AUG, at the present time, there are three main tier for the application of air and missile strikes. First tier are sea-based missiles, the main purpose of which is to implement a more principled defense defeat enemy targets. Second echelon form of attack aircraft and aircraft electronic warfare, which strike the enemy's air defense systems. The forces are third-tier air strike groups. The interval between trains is about 20-25 and 10-15 minutes, respectively. In addition, for air operations used airplanes distant radar.
But such usage drum carrier battle groups must be changed. These configurations will be connected first with the development of information technology, thanks to which the command will be able to control the acts carrier-based aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles sea-based retargeting also produce sea-launched cruise missiles in real time.
Instead of the existing 3-tier is two: the breakthrough of air defense systems and drums. As part of the first tier will include reconnaissance and attack drones, which are a significant period of time will be able to be in the area of combat operations without the risk of detection and strike enemy air defense systems. This also will come in and hypersonic cruise missiles, and that will be used to defeat a principled defense of enemy targets.
Interval between trains actions will not, as control the fighting will be done in real time.
To achieve these goals in the current time is upgrading the U.S. Navy. So, today as part of the Navy is 11 multipurpose nuclear aircraft carriers, 10 of which — such as "Nimitz" and 1 — of the "Enterprise." One of these ships of the "Nimitz" — "George Bush" was put into operation in 2009. In the draft of the aircraft carrier have been made to certain design elements that allow us to consider it as a kind of transition to the construction of new aircraft carriers — such as CVN-21. One of these ships CVN-78 "Gerald R.Ford" was founded in 2008. He is scheduled to be delivered to the Navy in 2015.
In 2013, the planned withdrawal from the Navy aircraft carrier "Enterprise» CVN-65, because a year and a half battle the composition of the Navy will have 10 ships. Extending the life of the ship was considered inappropriate to the command.
Over time, the carriers of the "Nimitz" as the expiration of the life of the ships will be changed to a series of "Gerald R.Ford", this will give an opportunity to ensure that the composition of the fleet 11 aircraft carrier strike groups.
Previously, it was assumed that all aircraft carrier ships series "Gerald R.Ford" will be built at an interval of 5 years, today there is the possibility that their construction will be slightly accelerated (for the construction of each of the ships — 4 years). So Makarov, it will allow for the next
30 years just to make the substitution ships with a useful life comes to an end, and maintain them at a level of 11 units.
According to the designers, building a new "Gerald R.Ford" will be similar to the aircraft carrier CVN-77, but at the same time, he will develop a modern nuclear power plant and electric catapults, which will help to increase the speed of the take-off of aircraft from the deck of the ship. In addition, the flight deck will be increased, which will make it possible to use virtually any aircraft, helicopters and drones, which will join the air wings. The crew of aircraft carriers of this type will also be reduced to 4.3 thousand people (instead of 5.5 thousand).
2nd aircraft carrier Series — CVN-79 — will have a certain configuration in the case, also will develop a modern system of arresting gear, which provides the best landing aircraft on the deck of an aircraft carrier.
All the latest generation of aircraft carriers will be made to the configuration in the technical services of helicopters, aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles, which will enable them to reduce the time of preparation for departure. The number of sorties will increase as well — up to 160 (instead of 120).
More fundamental component of the Air Force combat fleet is aviation. Today in his battle of 1117, there are helicopters and airplanes and 70 — in reserve.
Improving parks planes and helicopters carried out on the basis of several programs. More fundamental of them is related to multi-use developments fighter "Lightning 2» F-35B and F-35C. They are created in the framework of programs from JSF variant for non-long vertical landing and take-off. Provides for the purchase of 480 vehicles that will change outdated stormtroopers F/A-18 «Hornet" and "Harrier» AV-8B.
At the same time, the last modification of the purchase fighters' Super Hornet »F/A-18, F/A-18F, F/A-18E, which are designed to change the F/A-18C/D. At the moment, more than half of Attack Squadron transferred to the new combat vehicles (which is 280 aircraft).
F/A-18F fighter-bomber was the basis for a new aircraft electronic warfare — "growler» EF-18G. Means the purchase of 90 of these machines to spoof their older aircraft EA-6B "Prowler".
Prior to 2015, for service of the fleet should reach 75 aircraft distant radar E-2D «Super Hawkeye" that will change planes "Hawkeye" E-2C.
Helicopters will also be upgraded. By 2012, plans to purchase 237 helicopters MH-60S «Night Hawk", which are to replace transport helicopters HH-1N, UH-3H, CH-46, HH-60H. By 2015, as part of the naval forces will also be 254 mnogtselevyh helicopter MH-60R «Hawk Strike", which will change ASW helicopters SH-60FSH-60B helicopters and combat support HH-60H. By the time the true armed fleet is only 12 MH-60R.
So Makar, if we talk about the quantitative composition of the AUG of the U.S. Navy, no significant changes will occur. But at the same time will be a virtually complete upgrade of aircraft and helicopters. The emergence of new armed combat vehicles, aircraft avionics equipment and a new high-precision weapons will give the opportunity to significantly increase the impact potential.
For example, provides the ability to perform the shuttle flight, in which the aircraft will fly from the 1st aircraft carrier to the other through the terrain of the enemy, incidentally hitting enemy targets. Therefore carried out the interaction between the military and naval forces, strategic aviation and others, which provide rapid formation of joint actions.
In addition, the massive strikes on enemy forces will be applied regardless of the weather criterion. And the use of guided missiles will provide an opportunity to destroy one hundred percent of the supply chain and ensuring the individual settlements and fortified sites. This will allow the military to block the enemy ships at bases and ports, since they will be a real threat to the defeat of a precision instrument.
I must say that the deck strike aircraft and ships with cruise missiles "Tomahawk" — is the main tool combined forces, with which you can achieve dominance in the coastal areas. These types of rockets used for the destruction of enemy control systems, as systems and missile defense, namely, anti-aircraft missile systems. Destruction of these systems will allow strikes on enemy forces while out of range from its air defense systems.
After the dominance of the coastal zones will be established, aircraft carrier strike groups will be able to proceed with the periodic fighting.
So Makar, in general, methods and forms of combat operations shock carrier battle groups are the same. In what could be more frisky deployment, the interaction of all the components, and receive full disk imaging enemy forces using gallakticheskih funds, the introduction of high-precision types of weapons, joint efforts to prevent an offensive threat.
But, despite the fact that at times improvement programs from shock carrier battle groups of naval forces criticized by South American military analysts, economical programs from the Navy's own orientation does not change.