Turkey and Israel — is likely a union?

At the current time the case with 2 between regional powers, Israel and Turkey can be described as tense, the main reason for the cooling of relations is disagreement about the problem of Palestine. The reason for the relationship was weighed down by the well-known attack by Israeli forces for specific purposes on Vol. "Freedom Flotilla" — May 31, 2010 during an armed clash on the ship "Mavi Marmara" nine people were killed by Turkish soldiers division "Shaetet-13."

Then Ankara is allowed to make for themselves a number of tough applications: for example, Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan accused Israel of most coarse violation of international law and municipal terrorism. In addition, in Turkish society have seen a strong dislike for Jews — there was a surge of anti-Jewish sentiment during the war in Lebanon in 2006, of the Israeli armed forces in December 2008 — January 2009 "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. In Turkish society, according to public opinion polls, which are held in 2007-2009, in Turkey there is a significant level of xenophobia as 64% of Turks would not lusted build their Jewish neighbors, 76% of Turkish people belongs to the Jews negatively and only 7% is positively.

Very bad signal to Israel — "cleaning" of the army, which was dominated by supporters of Turkey's secular development, preservation alliance with Israel. Of course, and this process is associated, and the recent sensational resignation of the entire military command Turkey because of disagreements with Erdogan (of which not reported) retired Chief of the Turkish General Staff sent, as Commander of Land Forces, Air Force and Navy. Ankara is increasingly going towards the Islamization of society, the project "The Ottoman Empire — 2" more and more popular.

Raising the Palestinian question, Turkey once criticized Israel's control over the plight of the population in the territories of Palestine, which was caused by the partial or complete blockage of the Israeli army. Last disapproval Ankara summoned and border incidents that have taken place in the so-called. Nakba day (the so-called Arabs of Israel's independence day). How to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Palestinians were again obliged to mark Nakba day with blood and tears because of the introduction of unnecessary force by the Israeli military. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey, Ahmet Davutoglu also expressed his views on the problem of Palestine, Davutoglu referred unacceptable killing of peaceful inhabitants, and called on Israel to fully lift the blockade of the Gaza Strip. Ankara stresses the need to recognize the legitimate Palestinian government that includes representatives of a recognized terrorist organization, Hamas.

Jerusalem with his own hand reports on the need for tough measures against Palestinian terrorists, it is entirely reasonable in light of the constant rocket attacks on Sderot and Ashkelon. In addition, Jerusalem annoyed reconciliation 2-vying for power Palestinian movements — Hamas and Fatah.

Another issue that spoils the Turkish-Israeli affairs, preventing their probable strategic partnership — is Kurdish question. The problem of the Kurds, taking into account their number in Turkey, Ankara's very painful, because in the long run can lead to significant territorial losses. That is why Turkey is so intensively operated in the Kurdish areas of Iraq and adjacent closely eyeing the events in Syria. Israel Also try to use the "Kurdish card" in their own interests, even in the years 1977-1983, when the Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin, on the terrain of Kurdistan acted Israeli military advisers. Kurds Israel fascinating fact that their common enemies — Iran, Syria, formerly Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq. Helping the Kurds, Israel distracting Arabs and Persians on their own. In 2003, when the U.S. attacked Iraq, and it became clear that the Iraqi South American campaign is delayed, Ariel Sharon (prime minister of Israel from 2001-2006) decided in principle — to strengthen the military and economic relations with the Kurds. At the current time, Israel on the Kurdish issue cautious, trying not to anger Ankara.

It is clear that in general in Israel are interested in the "Turkish box", when all around aggressive Arab countries. For example, in June 2011, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, T. Erdogan sent a personal message to the statement, the Israeli government expressed hope for normalization of relations between states. Israel and Turkey are at the present time the best opportunity for the normalization of relations, a common strategy, at least in the short term — is the situation in Syria. Thus, de jure Syria is in a state of war with Israel since 1973, as an ally of the enemy's head of Jerusalem — Iran. Ankara has its reasons on Syria: the Kurdish issue in Syria, the unrest in Syria, causing serious fear the Turks, there is between them and the territorial issue. Damascus still refuses to recognize the connection to the Turkey Aleksandrttskogo sanjak (historical title of the area adjacent to the town of Alexandretta, as part of Turkey — the city of Iskenderun, in Hatay province). In 1936, France, which after World War II had a mandate for Syria, included Aleksandrettsky Sanjak in Syria, as autonomy. Turkey filed on its rights in 1937, the area defected to the co-administration of France and Turkey. In 1938, with the agreement of Paris, Turkey sent troops to Aleksandrettsky Sanjak, the French withdrew their troops from the area, then made autonomous government Hatay, which was annexed to Turkey in June 1939. With this act, Paris, with the consent of London, paid for joining Turkey Anglo-famous French Union — was signed the Anglo-Turkish-French agreement of 1939. This deal at the expense of Syria's repeated protests caused the Syrian government and the Syrian society. Damascus as previously thought this place their own. In addition, there is a dispute between Syria and Turkey on the use of the river Euphrates.

It is still not clear which way the elect Ankara in recent geopolitical reality that is emerging in the region. Turkey can join the anti-Israeli coalition allied with Iran and Syria. Or go for a rapprochement with Israel, at least temporarily, to address the issue with Syria.


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