The fact that relations between Ukraine and Russia even "pro-Russian" President Viktor Yanukovych is not going smoothly, it was clear before. But the first open conflict was due to their altercation exercise Sea Breeze-2011. Last week, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a very strong statement to the address of Ukraine and the United States over the entry into the dark sea for a role in the maneuvers of the U.S. Navy guided missile cruiser Monterey, the equipped multi-purpose anti-aircraft missile system, Aegis. "The emergence of a specific proximity of Russian borders parts of the U.S. strategic infrastructure" and "reconnaissance" protivoraketchikami South American waters of the Black Sea Russian Foreign Ministry described as "security threat" of.
Ukraine's Foreign Ministry said that "does not see a real or potential danger for at least some of the states of the region" due to the start of the maneuver. "These military activities help to overcome phobias and false stereotypes inherited from the period of cool war" — stabbed to Moscow, Foreign Ministry spokesman Ukraine Alexander Dikusar. A State Department spokesman Mark Toner said Washington and Kiev "strong double-sided case", in which "fit in these exercises."
In general, these explanations have not removed the concerns of Moscow. "Being in opposition to Yushchenko, Yanukovych did everything to NATO exercises in Ukraine did not go through, and now they do not just go and take place in a provocative format," — said "Y" head of the Duma committee on international affairs Konstantin Kosachev.
Tone of these statements recalled a time when the rule Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, whom the Kremlin openly called "anti-Russian" policy. But just a year ago in Moscow exulted: new favorite Ukrainian Viktor Yanukovych went to the geopolitical concessions, which in the "orange" Our homeland and did not want: in exchange for a cheap Russian gas Kiev Moscow has provided the guarantee of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol until 2042 . We deal was another principle for Moscow effect: it forever closed the road in Kiev NATO, as well as in union do not take the country in areas where there are military bases overseas. In addition, in June last year the Supreme Rada adopted the law on the basis of domestic and foreign policy, in which states: "Ukraine — non-aligned government." Sovereign Yanukovych promptly signed him, burying the idea of President Yushchenko of Ukraine's accession to NATO. So at least the last thought in Moscow.
Now there is no such conviction. At the disposal of "b" was closed document, testifying to the fact that Viktor Yanukovych increase cooperation with the alliance more active than its predecessor. We are talking about the schedule of activities for cooperation within the NATO-Ukraine Commission (NUC) in 2011. The first version of the document was approved by the countries of the alliance and Kiev February 23, 2011 — for the day before the study Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov has approved "a year-long program from NATO-Ukraine cooperation" (the details were not disclosed). May 23 in the schedule have been made to the configuration. Refreshed version of the document signed by NATO Deputy Secretary General for Political Affairs James Appathurai.
According to the plan, only for this year is scheduled 64 events within the KNU. The document implies that the Ukrainian government and the alliance behind closed doors discussions are very sensitive to issues of Moscow: security in the Black Sea region and the future stationed in Crimea Black Sea Fleet missile defense, the Transnistrian settlement, energy and economic security of Ukraine, reform its razvedstruktur. In terms of the numbers even such point as the discussion of foreign policy of Ukraine — the topic devoted two meetings within the KNU in June: the first is meant to discuss the general principles of the foreign policy of Ukraine, and in the second — the draft strategy.
According to "Kommersant" on enhanced cooperation in Kiev, Moscow and NATO clearly. In any case, Kosachev spoke on this subject clearly. "For us, the act Ukraine on the direction of the NATO is not fully transparent. In Kiev, we walk litsezreem inconsistency. They tell us they say one thing and do another. This is unfortunate, and we will react to it "- promised the MP" b ".
Another high-ranking source in the Russian imperative structures and most said "Y": "The document shows a complete lack of independence of Ukraine in the formation of its foreign policy. All of this has little to control the proclaimed its non-aligned status and the rejection of integration into NATO."
In Kiev, with the wording of the question itself strongly disagree. First deputy head of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on National Security and Defence Sergey Grinevetsky, referring to the said law on the basis of domestic and foreign policy, said that "it is described as" non-alignment policy compliance by Ukraine "and a" continuation of a constructive partnership with NATO and other military-political blocs on all issues of mutual enthusiasm. '" According to him, a separate law on non-aligned status of Ukraine did not take. "It was only a" policy of non-alignment "that does not mean our disengagement from the process of development of the European security system," — has made an objection sovereign Grinevetsky. On question "B" of the reproach of insincerity Kiev deputy replied: "Who would have read about it — our home, on the one hand, it is Ukraine's strategic partner, and on the other — it has economic pressure."
Even more frankly the current state of Russian-Ukrainian relations, commented on the criteria of anonymity, a senior source "b" in the Ukrainian government, "We had the illusion that if relations with Russia to remove the major irritants such as recognition of the Holodomor as genocide, plans to join in NATO, unwillingness to extend the presence of the Black Sea Fleet, then everything will work out. But it did not work out. Moscow wants us to be in its orbit, and yet for it to her and pay extra. Take, for Customs alliance. We were there very surprising name. We did not they say that we will benefit from it, and point to the fact that we will lose and how sanctions shall receive, if we give in to join him and let God do the free trade zone with the EU. "According to the source" b ", Kiev such an approach does not like, and as the dialogue on an equal footing does not go out there want to move closer to Europe. "It's not that we are moving away from Russia, and it pushes us", — explained the bureaucrat. A tight fit case with NATO talked to him this way: "We continue to reform our army on the patterns of
the alliance, and it is no mystery. The plan also joint activities — ordinary practice of informing partners on issues of in their enthusiasm. "
All this may mean that the brief idyll in relations between the Russian Federation and Ukraine, which began with the coming to power of Viktor Yanukovych, is coming to an end. Against this background, the West does not hide the willingness to interact with a tight fit disillusioned in Russia Kiev. June first salting the USA in Ukraine John Tefft said that "its doors remain open to European democracies such as Ukraine," and stressed its "Euro-Atlantic aspirations and orientation." A project devoted to Ukraine in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly of the report clearly states that "on a practical level, a partnership between the Alliance and Ukraine lasts, despite the latest policy of Kiev" and that "Yanukovych was not as pro-Russian, as wished to Moscow." The source also at the headquarters of NATO declared "", "RF should not sulk on the friendship of Ukraine with NATO. Fact we are against the will of one will not retract."