January 16, 2013 4:29
In world folklore there are many amazing creatures that only remotely similar to those known to modern science: centaurs, lapith, griffins, and others. Many of them, with uncommon appearance, do not have any with extraordinary abilities. Incomparably greater interest are mythical beings endowed by some supernatural properties, which scientists are sometimes quite convincing explanation.
Winged horses — business as usual!
The fact that Pegasus flies, not even wonder kids — if the horse has attached wings to fly him around the state should be. Centaurs — a wonderful cross between a man and a horse, of course, bright gallop through fields and forests — a four-foot is that they should overtake foot? Mermaids swim where they want, and generally live under the water — on land with a fish tail instead of legs, by definition, they do nothing. Legendary characters, synthesized from two, and sometimes three types of real creatures found in the myths of many peoples of the world and do not cause special problems. Transferring to a fantasy creature, the People's those qualities that are inherent in its components — business as usual.
With the reasons for the appearance in the myths of unicorns and dragons scientists, in general, too clear. According to some paleontologists, ancient people could catch the endangered species of dinosaurs, and the skeletons of giant dinosaurs allowed to present the terrible dragon in the flesh, in all their glory and power. The statement that the prototype is a unicorn rhino, no one seriously challenged, and find one of the encampments of the ancient people bull skull with horns, fused into one, suggests that the myth of unicorns could be such a source. It is worth noting that at the end of the last century in an American laboratory experiment was conducted, in which the usual bull turned into a horned by splicing is not completely solidified horny processes. According to scientists, the operation is not difficult, and the ancient people could easily carry it in rituals.
Many-headed, venomous reptiles and other
Curious mixture of creatures is Lernaean Hydra, which had to fight Hercules. Unlike Nimeyskogo Leo, with whom he had an affair during the first of his 12 labors, only also noteworthy that his skin was stronger than stone. Hydra was deadly poisonous, and the place was cut down in her head grew a couple of new ones. Truly, the imagination of the ancient Greeks alloy qualities of viper, boa octopus and lizard that has a remarkable ability to grow a new tail instead of lost in the monster, which is slightly worse than will be found in world folklore.
No less surprising is the Gorgon Medusa, a creature — a creature whose head instead of hair decorated with snakes, and the form of pay to stone every living thing. Probably, here again there were no vipers, squid or octopus, but here's what to do with the property to turn living creatures in stone? While previously it was thought that the snake eyes too can fascinate and paralyze the birds and small animals …
When such a review many amazing properties of mythical creatures are borrowed ancient storytellers and myth-makers-mi from the surrounding life. Even the ability of the legendary dragon spewing flame stretch can be explained by the ability of some snakes spit venom at a distance of 2-3 meters. However, there are beings — such as sirens — Devo-bird, sweet singing lures sailors to the reefs. Their paranormal abilities strongly not easily explain and encourage researchers to nominate unexpected version.
Native Russian miracle
Miraculous beings do not need to look beyond the sea, and they have in Russian folklore, perhaps the most mysterious character of which is the Nightingale the Robber. Scientist XIX century. FI Buslaev wrote of him: "The very name of the character allows us to represent him and the bird, and man. Direct physical description of the Nightingale epic does not, his image is revealed only in action, and throughout the story Nightingale the Robber turns to us the bird, the human side. "
First, the Nightingale-robber sits in the "nest" on oaks, why we have at once a giant image of a bird. Secondly, seeing Ilya Muromets Nightingale tries to kill him with his deadly hiss. This also suggests the feathered creature. However, "being defeated hero, he seems to be throwing off the inhuman, the fantastic form," — says folklorist BN Putilov, and later acts as the person who has the ability to kill and maim whistle.
The image of man-bird special novelty does not shine. The man, who was able to make his wings and fly through them, like a bird, too, is not new, and brings to mind the ancient Greek myth of Icarus and Daedalus, and the Norse legend of the smith Volund. But here is the ability to maim and kill whistle nowhere else occurs, and where it came from — is unclear.
The traditional version
The easiest way to accept the version of that epic Nightingale was a simple thief, among whom it was customary to give nicknames. Robbers often staged ambushes and observation posts in the trees, and in 1890, the newspaper "Moscow News" published correspondence Karachev townsman, who wrote: "The local landowners timers even point is where it is located" nest Nightingale the Robber. " And now, on the banks of currants is huge stump, which is said to have survived from the nine huge oak trees, which lived about Nightingale the Robber. Sounds good, but is yet to be whistled, the most characteristic feature of the Nightingale the Robber?
Whistle robber is described in the epic three times. First, the dire consequences of whistle warned Ilya Chernigov, then Nightingale whistles, trying to stop the hero in the forest and, finally, his victims are the people of Kiev. Consequences whistle always destructive, but scientists did not have a clear understanding of the nature of his actions.
Shattering whistle Nightingale
Historian G. Bosses, who studied language whiz, which is used for long-distance communication, many people suggested that the image of the Nightingale the Robber reflect some vague memories of the "whistling" forest tribes that once lived in the forests of Murom. Scientists believed that the whistle, published by representatives of the tribes, to be heard at a distance of 14 km and a person standing close evoked pain. But how they published this crushing sound?
The answer may be found in the incident that occurred several years ago at the Royal race in London. During one of the races jockey, a strong lead in the race, raced to the finish line to win was obvious, but then he suddenly panicked and began to grab hold of the head was later revealed that at that moment he felt a powerful sound pulse. Horse under him jerked and rider fell to the ground.
As established by the British police, the mysterious sound came from the stands. The investigation quickly find the perpetrators of this incident, and with it the instrument of crime. That turned supernova ultrasonic weapon, which was incorporated in ordinary binoculars. To the surprise of the police, it had a very powerful effect, and attack range up to 15 m.
So if there were such weapons in the Nightingale the Robber and comfort "whistlers" tribes wrote about GI Bosses? Creating it can be attributed to aliens or people from Atlantis, but it is more logical to assume that it is lived in the woods in Murom a great talent, who managed to build a wonderful device, it turned out, however, not able to resist armed with bow and sword athlete, by all means wishes to to travel to Kiev for the restricted road …