The first myth. Happiness is in the money!
Most of us are skeptical of the common adage, "Money can not buy happiness." Oddly enough, this postulate has recently confirmed research. Daniel and Angus Deaton Keynmen from Princeton University tried to determine whether the financial return to work on the emotional well-being and overall life satisfaction.
The scientists analyzed more than 450,000 surveys, related to the calculation of the index being Gallup-Healthways, who conducted the Gallup Institute (USA).
The survey participants offered daily to assess their emotions and life satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 10. About 85% of respondents indicated that they experienced a sense of happiness, pleasure and fun, while 24% said they felt sadness and concern. Average score turned out at 6.76. As it turned out, the downgrade operated by factors such as physical illness and loneliness, as well as complex or routine work involving heavy loads. But the influence of income on the state of happiness without seeing so clearly.
Thus, 38% of those with a monthly income of at least $ 3000, complaining of headaches, as well as ongoing sadness and anxiety. In this case, one of those who earn less than $ 1,000, migraines and despondency suffered only 7%.
In turn, the Center Eugene Proto competitive advantage in the global economy (University of Warwick, England) and Aldo Rustikini the University of Minnesota (USA) examined the results of surveys of the project participants in British Household Panel Survey and the German Economic Team, found that people with high incomes often have a high degree of neuroticism. They are easy to negative emotions and depressive moods.
It is curious that such a nice, it would seem, an event as an increase in salary, such a person may subconsciously perceived as a failure in his career: once he has room to grow, therefore, it has not reached the career heights previously thought …
Examples of the rich, not the money that brought happiness, often found in the literature. Let us recall the Gobseck Balzac, whose name became a household word. A fabulous Koschey drooping over with gold?
Thus, a lot of money does not make people happy. Certainly, a significant increase in income allows a person to feel a little better. But for stable happiness need other things: for example, health, friends, love, and finally able to relax and have fun, which is not always the rich people employed increased their welfare.
The second myth. Than richer people, so it is prolific
Paradoxically, the rich have usually born fewer children than the poor.
Pay attention to this, Anna Goodman and her colleagues at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It would seem that the better living conditions than they abundant, the more offspring individuals should start. In any case, this is the case in the animal world.
A group led by Goodman asked to draft Uppsala Birth Cohort, which the authors followed the fate of 14,000 people in Sweden who were born between 1915 and 1929 in Uppsala University Hospital, as well as their descendants.
British researchers analyzed the life path of the project participants, their level of education and social status, income and number of children and grandchildren. Scientists have started from the assumption that people have two reproductive strategies. The first, which ecologists conventionally called r-selection, involves production of a large number of children, parents and each child is given minimal attention.
This strategy is often used in high infant mortality.
The second strategy, K-selection implies the birth of a small number of offspring, but each child receives from his parents care and attention at the highest level. This attitude makes the child more prepared for adult life and the struggle for resources and partners that promotes fertility in subsequent generations.
Now, scientists say, the society is a transition from r-selection for the K-selection. On average, each new generation gets a higher social status, education, and financial position than the last. But for some reason, the birth rate is not increased. Wealthy people with high status does not tend to have many children. Perhaps K-selection was justified in the past and, in the process of evolution, but it is completely unacceptable in today's conditions, the researchers said. The modern human psychology is different, at least remember the childfree who do not wish to acquire offspring … Rich same people may tend to grow more "qualitative" and competitive offspring, and not to increase their number.
The third myth. Wealth depends on luck or enterprise
Popular American business coach Steve Siebold believes that the difference between the rich and the people who live from paycheck to paycheck — in the form of thought.
"The average person prozombirovan thesis that rich people — either lucky or dishonest characters — Siebold writes in his book," How to think rich people. "- Secured also know that wealth — though not guarantee happiness — makes life much easier and more enjoyable. "
Thus, poor people think that self-confidence — lack, while the rich feel that quality advantage.
"The rich are different in that they are always trying to make himself personally happy, do not suffer from false modesty, and not pretend that they want to save the world" — says Siebold.
In addition, the poor tend to work for money, but a rich man becomes, as a rule, doing things you love. In addition to the psychology of the poor people usually sets the bar low more than expected revenue, and the potential millionaire always aimed for more.
Poor people believe that in order to get rich, you need to do something special.
The rich also become so because they themselves are special: for example, they do not dwell on getting a formal education, but try to get the specific knowledge they need to achieve their goals.
Poor people focus on survival, they tend to save money in reserve, to save, to meet your budget, and indulge in all things, to buy some expensive thing. The rich, in turn, aims to earn more and more, not squeezed. According to Steve Siebold, if we can "plant" himself thinking of rich people, you get a real chance to succeed. True, discount the fact that many people only dream of riches, not doing anything to obtain it, and they feel more comfortable to get a stable, but low income, than to indulge in a variety of adventures.
Category: People, psychology, health