I'm allergic to milk (shrimp, eggs, chocolate) — we hear from people quite often. At present about 30% of the world's population suffer from allergic diseases, among which is a significant part of the food allergy. But few people know that there is a term "food intolerance." They have the same symptoms, but the mechanisms of development are different. What is different from a food allergy food intolerance, we will help you understand the doctor-reflexologist, Ph.D., author of a unique technique Golden Eagle ® Mariyat Mukhina.
— Why is it necessary to distinguish these two diseases, if they are so similar?
It is important to establish an accurate diagnosis and to distinguish from food allergies alimentary intolerance, as the methods of treatment and prevention are very different. Despite its apparent simplicity, it is very difficult, because in either case there is communication with the meal. This caused the reaction may be any food product, and its manifestations are often alike.
Food intolerance — it's sluggish reaction to these or other "ingredients" of our daily diet. You'd be surprised, but this disaster in one way or another affects about 90 percent of the population, but that's unaware of their illness a few. The consequences of intolerance — it is difficult to treat chronic diseases, including diseases of the skin and digestive tract, nervous disorders and overweight … People are treated for years, unaware that the root of all problems lies in the eating.
— Please tell us about the symptoms in detail.
Symptoms of food intolerance are quite diverse, but none of them is specific, for example, a food allergy.
Doctors distinguish systemic allergic reaction after exposure to the food allergen, and skin. Systemic manifestations include dermatitis, itching, numbness, and / or a feeling of "fullness" of the language, swelling of the mucous membrane of the mouth. The most severe manifestation of food allergy is anaphylactic shock. It is the most serious symptom, as it may be a few seconds after meals and is characterized by very severe, including death.
Systemic manifestations also include a drop in blood pressure, urticaria, angioedema, vomiting, colic, constipation, diarrhea, allergic enterocolitis, allergic rhinitis.
Cutaneous manifestations of food allergy — the most common, both in adults and in children. Infants under one year, the first signs of a food allergy can be a diaper rash, despite the meticulous care of the skin, dermatitis and itching. For a true food allergy most characteristic skin manifestations are urticaria and atopic dermatitis.
— What is so dangerous food intolerance, if it does not cause angioedema or asthma?
You see, if you continue to regularly eat foods that the body is unable to digest, then there are inflammatory processes. Gradually they become chronic, the person begins to suffer with arthritis, migraine, eczema, irritable bowel syndrome and chronic fatigue, depression and acne, constipation and hyperactivity disorder and other ailments. The growing burden on the kidneys leads to disruption of excretion of excess fluid. Hence the extra weight and fullness. Next, the body begins to digest the worse and more new products, including those that are used to respond normally. As a result, that person would not eat, he is not good. That is why, except from the diet "intolerable" foods, you can gradually reduce weight without compromising health.
— And why the symptoms are the same, but the mechanisms are different?
When we hear the word "allergy" — this means that the process involved in the immune system. A food allergy occurs when the immune system mistakenly begins to block the proteins contained in the food. For example, cells of the immune system "confused" orange infection, and started to produce antibodies to fight it. The next time an orange gets into the organism, antibodies recognize and instantly mobilizes immune system response. The difference with food intolerance that food allergy occurs instantaneously and even negligible amount of allergen in food.
Much more difficult is the case with food intolerance. With food intolerance immune system is working normally, interfere with the process of digestion. Typically, this is due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and other neuroendocrine systems. Sometimes the use of a food product that causes an exacerbation of existing disease in humans.
For example, food intolerances milk lactase enzyme deficiency is necessary for cleavage of lactose. There is pain in the abdomen and stomach upset.
— What foods cause allergies and intolerances what? There is a difference in them?
Almost any product can become an allergen or cause food intolerance. However, some foods exhibit marked allergenic properties, and others, and if the cause allergy is rare. Expressed allergens are foods that contain animal and vegetable proteins. The most common food allergens include wheat, rye, oats, corn, milk, fish and fish products, eggs, meat of various animals and birds, legumes, nuts, vegetables, tea, coffee, chocolate, sugar, food coloring and preservatives, yeast, citrus fruits, alcohol.
— How can we understand that you can eat and what is not?
In order to identify allergic reactions, there are many analyzes, from simple skin test to detailed analysis of the blood in determining the level of antibodies to a variety of foods. Though the results of these analyzes is not always possible to make a final conclusion, since there are both false-positive and false-negative results. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a meal plan individually, unfortunately, by trial and error. Since childhood, it is necessary to observe the child, identify and eliminate unwanted allergens. By the way, the symptoms of hyperactivity or hyperactivity is sometimes enough to exclude from the child's diet products containing artificial colors or food additives.
But it is better to consult a professional dietician. It helps to solve many chronic health problems in adults. Eat more often homemade seasonal products, diversify your daily diet and you will be surprised how soon will get rid of many of the problems caused by food intolerance. During normal digestion and a healthy immune system problems with allergies and food intolerance does not occur.