November 16, 2011 20:24
In the world of legends dolomite has a history of Spina de Mul, insidious and dangerous wizard, takes a frightening image of half-rotten formula and have miraculous radiant stone. Another legend tells of a king who ruled a mighty fabulous state Fanis that high in the Rocky Mountains, and at war with neighboring tribes. He had an ally — the one-armed tribe, who immediately came to the rescue, putting on the clothes of eagles. That these traditions: pure fantasy or historical facts? About what time narrate the ancient legend? Was all this for real? Prehistoric Rock paintings in an Alpine valley Valkamonika talks about the possibility of the existence of the kingdom Fanya.
Valkamonika — an unusual open-air museum at the top of Italy: on the stony slopes of the mountains surrounding the narrow valley in the Southern Alps with breathtaking landscape that stretches north of Brescia, you can find more than 300 thousand rock paintings belonging to the Bronze Age and Ice Age. Most images are centered around Capo di Ponte. Can this rich collection of works of prehistoric art, telling us about the ancient mountain kingdom Fanya, a key to the mysterious world of dolomitic rocks?
Once upon a time in a deep dark antiquity worked at night obscene matter in the eastern mountains of the Dolomites, the area lying to the west of Cortina d'Ampezzo, a terrible magician, nicknamed Skeleton Mule. Karl Felix Wolff in his famous "Dolomite sagas", described this villain: "He was a strong and dangerous wizard. When he went on business, takes the form of half-decayed mule: the head, neck and front legs are covered animal skin, the hind limbs were a bare skeleton. Mule skeleton was on the front legs, dragging the rest of the body. He occasionally uttering a wild yell. When he was like that night crept through the woods and heaths, no one wanted to cross his path, the more that the simple weapons were powerless against him. Cost someone to touch the tip or blade magician as he knocked out by witchcraft weapons out of the hands of the enemy and defended his big donkey teeth for as long as his opponent did not take flight. " Skeleton Mule has a miraculous radiant stone Rayetoy, is the most precious treasure in the country. Later came to the king of rock Fanis, who ruled the legendary powerful state, which was lying in the mountains, where up to now extend desert cliffs Faneyskih Alps. How the king had acquired Rayetu Fanya, today no one can say for sure. The ancient saga tells the story differently. In any case, it is known that the king presented the treasure to his daughter, which had a captivating beauty, and it is up to the last days of life was of stone in a tiara. However, after her death, the gem was in the hands Skeleton Mule: versed in magic villain crow ordered to kidnap him. Sorcerer stone dropped to the bottom of a deep mountain lake, where it day and night vigilantly guarding the fire-breathing dragon. True, living in the mountains and grabbing treasures dwarfs have repeatedly tried to get close to the treasure out of the ground, but every time they almost reach the goal, the dragon grabbed Rayetu into claws and flew with him to another lake. However, he left in the night sky a fiery trail.
About what time told the ancient tradition? Was all this for real? Maybe because when traveling along the southern Tyrol Wolff collection of tales about old Ladin dolomite region of researcher Enneberga assured that the story of Fanis "much older than generally believed." And in the Gader Valley Wolff said that in front of a mountain crevice Fanis St. Cassian was a castle, and that a king had fought in these places, and everything was destroyed.
What was the time?
In 1953, according to the notes Wolff, archeologist and engineer Dr. Georg Innerebner from Bolzano really found the remains of an ancient culture in the desert highlands Faneyskih Alps. He writes about the environment shafts settlement, which is situated at an altitude of 2600 meters, "Immediately after the railway track to the grotto on the field, littered with shards of stone and therefore evokes associations with the underworld, stands a stone shaft in the form of an arc length of about 50 m and several meters height with a crest width of 4 m was not difficult mentally to add a non-existent part of the shaft, hidden fragments of stones, to complete the circle. It has a diameter of approximately 60 m, reaching 200 m shaft surrounds an area of 3000 m2. "
The sagas tell of dolomite rock that one-armed tribe — experienced in fighting the people who had the ability to fly — in ancient times, it's tough to help the powerful kingdom Fanya, when it got into trouble because of the fighting in the desert highlands.
Over the centuries, the ancient inhabitants Valkamoniki hollowed out and scratch out on hard surfaces native rocks and sand for the Ice Age, all the events and experiences: the people on the hunt, the motives of economic life and religious scenes.
In the center of the settlement was located main building, from which today remains a mountain land and rock debris. Trial pits made on the surface of the shaft, in the saddle and on the top of the fort, revealed traces of fire and shards of pottery rough work. For lack of time to determine the characteristic features of the production of these products is not possible, but some of the details make it possible to assume that they are from the late Bronze Age or early Hallstatt culture "(about 1000-800 years. BC. E.).
Until now, the top of the mountain next to the following settlement is called the Castle. Thus, the legendary kingdom Fanya actually existed. Fairy tales called Fanis region and its peoples Fanya. If we admit that the story of the kingdom of Fanis contain a grain of truth, the information in the stories special sound.
Sorcerer Skeleton Mula, as it is described legend, apparently, a fictional character. For all that, the vast material of folk legends stores and other details. The legends are called names of tribes, oppressed king Fanya, and says that in the end they came together for a joint struggle with the invader. This Mess, Peleget, Kadubren, Lastuar, Durani, Sliven and Splaned — sounds as personal names, generated fantasy storyteller. However, it is likely that all these tribes actually lived there. Before class Romans Alpine region there were more than 200 tribes. Their names have been erased from the memory of history for centuries, until these lands were part of the Roman Empire. Only one Roman monument, erected in 6 BC. e. on the mountain, which rises above the current Monaco (there Alps long arc out to the Mediterranean Sea), lists 45 names of mountain birth, conquered by the Emperor Augustus. Today at the site of an ancient monument is recreated, a copy which bears only a small part of the generic names of indigenous pre-Roman era of the Alps, those who were conquered by the Emperor Augustus.
Bizarre rock towers and characteristic teeth, and between them lovely valleys and beautiful landscapes around the pools of small streams — a characteristic landscape Dolomites of South Tyrol. At the heart of the Dolomites still live about 20 000 Ladin.
Individual stone slabs with images on them scenes of battles forced scientists to break down. Horsemen and foot soldiers mingled together. But, she looked closer to weave small pieces, you begin to understand the symbolic meaning of the composition: mortally wounded warriors often deprived feet, and next to them shows something like a spatula or palette — a rectangular plate with a straight handle, starting from the bottom edge. The absence of legs and lower torso, scientists explain that the artist allegedly depicted only the soul of the deceased at the time of the transition to the next world. There is nothing surprising in the fact that dying or dead portrayed differently than alive. While often depicted symbolic means even the spirit of man. Seems striking, however, is that the victorious warriors in a certain time period are displayed one-armed.
Valkamonika lies flat, 150 km south-west of the ancient kingdom of Fanya. But in the story of Fanya narrated that battle-hardened one-armed people came from the south-west. True, it does not speak of a mountain valley, and about the island. Thus petroglyphs in Valkamonike suggest that no local tribe Kamoun was the people-winner. Many peoples in prehistoric times and the early historical period immortalized in rock drawings successful conquerors.
Whether there is actually one-armed? This can not be ruled out. After all, the same set ethnologists that some primitive peoples voluntarily applied himself injured, observing a religious ritual. So, outside of Europe a cult that required amputation of his leg or breast. However, the saga hits Ladin statement about the ability of one-armed fly. Surprisingly, the stories of the people remained almost flying across the Alps, they are told in the remote and often cut off from other areas.
Seen in a flying chariot
And all would go on as usual, if during the Second World War German doctor, Professor Dr. Fuchs from China are not brought with him the following material without linking it to any alpine traditions, nor with prehistoric rock paintings: "In ancient Chinese Manuscripts says that about 3,700 years ago in China traveled by wind chariots. This transport, apparently, was borrowed from the people of Chi-kun, one-armed. However, in the manuscripts says nothing about how they looked chariot. A writer I in. mentions in one place on the first emperor of the Shang Dynasty, "Among the masters eighteen hundred people gathered with their translators to honor succession Tana uplifters attended Chikun envoys of the people who came in flying chariots." That was in 1766 BC. e.
Evidence that people chi-kun was able to make the flying chariots with good wind cover long distances, we find in another Chinese works, dating from the III. BC. e. "During the reign of Tang's western wind brought a chariot to Yuchau then Tang broke it because he did not want his people to see such a miracle. After ten years of wind blew, and Tang had built another cart, and sent his guests back to their homeland. As for the distance it from the pass NE-men was 40,000 li (20,921 km). "
Upon arrival at the one-armed flying chariots to China in 1800 to a meeting of tribes blowing wind. And their own country lay there for 40 000 to the west. Naturally, this figure can not claim to accuracy, since it exceeds half the circumference of the Earth. Large numbers were then used to refer to the Chinese less measurable and very long distances, far beyond the Middle Kingdom. One-armed country in fact was to be far to the west, as if it were the messengers could get there without the help of sailing chariot, then they would not have to wait for the east wind for ten years. The question is whether the country was in Europe?
Flights for 1700 years BC. e.?
New search confirmed the information to Dr. Fuchs. In the essay "On Chi-vu", written in the III., Said that some people in the country of Chi-kun 2000 years ago was able to build a sailing chariot, which covered with a good wind long distances: "During the reign of the Tang (1760 . BC. e.) west wind carried a chariot to Yuchau (Honan), followed by Tan broke it because he did not want his people to see such a miracle. " Chinese poet Ko Po (270-324 years.) Also at one time interested in these chariots, "is admirable craftsmanship people chi-kun. Using the properties of the wind, they built a flying chariot, which is now rising and falling, brought them to the palace of Emperor Tang. " Finally, another indication is found in the Chinese book "Ku-th-that," published in 1341: "In the old days of the Emperor Zhen (of the Zhou Dynasty 1115-1077 gg. BC. E.) One-armed country has sent its messengers with gifts. They sat down on the chariot of feathers, propelled by the wind, and it came through the air to the court of Zhou. The ruler of the kingdom of Zhou was afraid that would lead to the creation of a bizarre thrill of his people, and therefore ordered him to destroy. "