April 22, 2012 18:24
Last missing pages of supposedly "magic", "Book of the Dead," an Egyptian priest Amenhotep discovered after centuries of searching in a museum in the state of Queensland.
British employee of the museum, Egyptologist Dr. John Taylor says he found about 100 pieces of ancient books. It marked the end of an ancient archaeological search the scriptures in the world, which supposedly contains spells that have the force to send the spirits in the afterlife.
"The Book of the Dead" is an Egyptian manuscript of up to 20 meters in length, containing magic spells written on papyrus, which were used to order the servants of the temple of the dead relatives to guide their souls to the afterlife.
These pieces of papyrus, which were kept all the time in the museum, form the missing part of a very large, according to many historians and archaeologists, historically valuable "Book of the Dead."
Sections of the precious manuscripts scattered throughout the world, and now, after a hundred years of searching for the missing parts of it were found in the museum.
Amenhotep manuscript is of particular importance because it is one of the earliest manuscript that has some unusual features. There were found only four or five copies of the manuscript.
It found the image-pointed star and the solar disk. John Taylor, now plans to try to collect in the Queensland Museum fragments of the manuscript electronically.
According to him, the reunion of the original, this is an incredibly important and hard work, and he hopes to gluing pieces to find out exactly what secrets it holds. This can make a significant contribution in helping the world to better understand one of the most fascinating and complex civilizations of the ancient world.
"Book of the Dead," a collection of hymns and Egyptian religious text that is placed in the tomb to assist the deceased to overcome the danger of the other world and find prosperity after death. Is a series of 160-190 (with variations) of unrelated chapters of various sizes, ranging from the long poetic hymns and ending one-liners magic formulas. The name "Book of the Dead" is given by Egyptologist R. Lepsius, but it would be more correct to call the "Book of the Resurrection," as her Egyptian name — "well, Rau peret em heru" literally means "Head of the release of the light of day."
This work is considered very ancient even during the reign of CEMT, I Dynasty Pharaoh, and, moreover, it was then so voluminous that require reduction, repeatedly enumerated and supplemented from generation to generation for almost 5000 years, and every pious Egyptian lived constantly referring to the teaching of Book of the Dead, the Egyptians buried, guided by its directions, and their hope of eternal life and happiness was based on a belief in the efficacy of its hymns, prayers and invocations.
Some of the best examples of "Book of the Dead", written on scrolls of papyrus, date back to the flowering of culture in the XVIII dynasty, with its beginning this work has entered a new phase of development of the funerary texts sarcophagus transported to papyrus. The greatest number of papyrus with texts from the Book of the dead were found in the tombs of Thebes, which is why the version Book of the Dead, has spread in this period, called Fivskoy.
Most of them were found in the tombs of the Theban and belonged mostly to priests and their families. These highly decorated papyri finest paintings depicting scenes of burial, making funeral ritual postmortem vessels and other scenes relating to the mortuary cult and the ideas of the afterlife.
Of particular interest to researchers is the 125th chapter, which describes the posthumous judgment over the dead Osiris. At trial, the deceased refers to Osiris, and then to each of the 42 gods, justifying in mortal sin, or that which God only knows. This chapter also contains the text of speeches justifying:
Thank you, great god, lord of mutual truth. I came to you, my lord. You have brought me to behold your beauty. I know you, I know your name, I know the names of the 42 Gods who are with you in the halls of mutual truth living, trapping evil and eating their blood on the day of the report in the face of the Good. So I came to you, lord of truth, and I brought the truth, I drove a lie. I do not do injustice against people. I did not do evil. Did not do that for the gods abomination. I did not kill. Did not reduce the grain in the temples, nor take food of the gods, not rend memorial gifts from the dead. I did not reduce measures of grain, it does not diminish the measures of length, did not violate the measures fields, did not increase the weight of weights, did not forge his cock. I'm clean, I'm clean, I'm clean, I'm clean.
There is also a version of the Book of the Dead Saitskaya, which appeared as a result of the Pharaohs XXVI Dynasty, when there was a general revival of ancient religious and funerary traditions, temples have been restored, and the old Book of the Dead texts rewritten, revised and streamlined.