Anna Yankuta — about Chernobyl in the Belarusian literature


Anna Yankuta

April 26 marks the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster — the largest in the history of nuclear power.

Our expert Anna Yankuta — about Chernobyl in the Belarusian literature

Svetlana Aleksievich. Chernobyl Prayer: A Chronicle of the future.

Moscow, "Time", 2006

The most famous, perhaps, a book about Chernobyl — written in Russian "Chernobyl Prayer" Svetlana Aleksievich. They know it and we and the world — to see this, one has only to look at the bibliography of translations and reprints. The book is a collection of stories of people whose fate is somehow hurt Chernobyl — stories of liquidators, the inhabitants of the exclusion zone, the wife of firefighter brigade, the people who came to the very first scene of the accident and the first deaths from radiation sickness, the stories of those whose relatives died in the terrible pain, history of the mother, whose child was born a cripple. Subject Chernobyl long suppressed (and some problems are silenced now), and so it is a book — artistic and documentary work — helping to make the first step toward understanding. After all, to make sense, one must first examine all sides. And, it is possible that a thorough understanding of artistic problems of the accident only after the book Svetlana Aleksievich that has managed to collect valuable material — a valuable by the fact that many of her respondents no longer alive.

Ales Adamovich. Apocalypse on schedule / Per. of the races. M. Tychyny /

Minsk, "Belarus", 1992

The book "Apocalypse on schedule," Ales Adamovich — it may one of the most Belarusian important books about Chernobyl. It is important, the very fact of its appearance — it came from, Ales Adamovich's desire to tell the terrible truth that he knew immediately after the crash when trying to "reach out" to various instances and "beg" to help the victims. All of these "Ordeal" in the book, there are mentioned many names — like those with Adamowicz tried to "reach out" to the authorities and those through whom the scale of the tragedy was increasing with each passing day more and more.

The book's title refers to the specified therein predictions of Academician VA Legasova who made the list of nuclear power plants, which in the near future were also possible catastrophe — a kind of "schedule of the Apocalypse." However, the main theme of the book — and the power of Chernobyl. The author tells about the opportunities that have been lost through nomenclature figures, hundreds of thousands of people who had to move out in a timely manner and are not evicted, how the authorities would not let the people of the affected areas on the first "Chernobyl Way" and otherwise impede the dissemination of information on disaster — in fact, condemned people to disease and death. Adamovich book today, when it took almost twenty years since its publication, makes asking myself questions: what is there now, why we again did not know about it?

Vladimir Nyaklyaeu. Area: Poem / Vl. Nekljaev. Poems /

Minsk, "Limarius", 2010

Poem, "The Zone" by Vladimir Neklyaeva can be found in two collections — in the "Proshche" (1996) and "Poem" (2010), but a collection of "Proshcha" today — nearly a bibliographic rarity, and therefore much easier to apply to the new edition , especially since it gathers and other poems of the poet, to find that at times even harder than "Proshchu."

Poem itself is actually written in the wake of the events — in 1986, and the lyrical hero is drawn immediately to the High Court — to God, who, after the disaster is losing its greatness and is the atomic god "of the future of our roads," the god of zones. However, even this court is powerless before the tragedy: "I do not blame / Large Numbers Law / Do not take into account small losses." Not just powerless — almost disappears, "for his cesium. Plutonium. Strontium ". The lyrical hero of the poem — not even bagaborats that rises to the level of their God, rather God in the poem is the man in surprise, almost helplessly inspects the area. The poet tries to comprehend the Chernobyl as a universal problem, as an event that actually changes the outlook of the person to comprehend the "law of large numbers", which is impossible to calculate, and it makes the existence of an even more precarious than it was before. And if Svetlana Aleksievich simply states the facts, Ales Adamovich asks questions, Nyaklyayeu translate these issues into the mainstream filyasofskae.

Ryhor Baradulin. To be! = To be!

Minsk, "the Roman Catholic parish of St.. Simon and St. Helena", 2006

Gregory Baradulin bilingual book "Be! = To be!" Has been released to dvatstsatsigoddya disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. In verses Gregory Baradulin devoted to Chernobyl are terrible images of mythology of modern times: Adam, who removed a rib and burned to check for the presence of strontium, planet, which at the time of the Apocalypse sprinkle radioactive ashes, the old woman, who in secret from the stove heats Perun Radioactive wood. And the awful sound new words of the prayer: "May the light of thy name / Belarus / In strontium, cesium, lithium," which echoes the words "radiation" and "Radunitsa." As always in the works of Gregory Baradulin a special place in the collection is the image of mother, which blends in with the image of Belarus, which is done after the Chernobyl widow.

Sergei Zakonnikau. Belarusian heart: journalistic reflections, essays.

Minsk, "Belarus", 1993

The most famous work of Sergei Zakonnikova about Chernobyl — the poem "Black Story", which was released in the spring of 1989, three years after the disaster. After the poem Zakonnikau published the book "The Belarusian heart," where the problem of Chernobyl already says in a broader way. If the section of the book "The deficit of the truth (read mail" Black were ")" the writer returns to the understanding of the issues raised in the poem, and many of his arguments partly in tune with the reasoning Ales Adamovich in the book "Apocalypse on schedule" (by the way, both editions were published in a series "Freedom Square"), the entire book is devoted to the general problem of "spiritual Chernobyl" — the atmosphere lies in Soviet society, the closure of Belarusian schools, the elimination of the national culture. Sergei Zakonnikau trying to find a connection between the two Chernobyl and answer the question: how to live in the new environment, and how to correct their mistakes of others? The book was published more than fifteen years ago, and the problems remain the same …

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