This theme of the report is based in New York, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ). It was unveiled on the eve of World Press Freedom Day, which is celebrated today.
The report called "10 Tools oppressors Internet." Project manager Denis OBrayn emphasizes that the most persistently with freedom of speech on the Internet are fighting those authorities which show the same perseverance in the struggle with the freedom of traditional media.
Some authoritarian regimes use the tools are extremely primitive — the Egyptian regime of Hosni Mubarak in the midst of the current mass protests just unplugged the Internet traffic on equal.
In other countries use more sophisticated tools, such as the so-called DOS-attacks, where an artificially created a flurry of requests stops the server. These attacks are often used against websites of independent media in Belarus.
Chinese authorities are using more sophisticated methods. Investigative journalists, receive e-mails with useful information allegedly on behalf of the people they supposedly know. But in the post mounted spyware. Whoever sent it, is able to penetrate into the journalist's computer and monitor traffic and content of the information in it.
Among the countries that use online tools to oppress freedom of speech on the Internet, Denis OBrayn calls China, Burma, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. However, the most egregious practices of the Iranian expert said.
On He said, during and after the presidential campaign of 2009, many observers have described how the opposition successfully used Twitter and Facebook for political mobilization and silly Iranian authorities, who slept through the threat.
But Iranian officials quickly drew attention to the problem and have developed methods to combat it. It was decided that all websites must be registered with the Ministry of Culture, thousands of websites have been blocked, the government gave a lot of money for the organization tracking online. Also discussed prices for network access, high-speed Internet has become just too expensive for the average Iranians.
The authorities of Russia, Belarus, the Caucasus and Central Asia is also widely practiced by limiting the spread of news and information on the web. Monitored blogs, chat rooms and forums, which have until recently been free from such observations.
Program coordinator of the Committee to Protect Journalists says Nina Ognyanova that the power of many these countries used against independent online media legislation kiberzlachynstvah as well as legislation on libel and insult used against traditional independent media. She also noted as a very effective means of temporary blocking of inappropriate websites during important public events, such as elections.
The authorities usually deny any involvement in the temporary blocking, referring to hackers or technical glitches.
Denis OBrayn says that the next battleground of freedom of speech will be mobile phones: the owners will use them for the exchange and dissemination of information, the authorities — to restrict the flow of information and tracking of the phone owner.