May 31, 2012 12:51
In Figure 1 Old Russian ring found in the Vladimir region and included in the foundation of the Museum of the ancient civilization of the Academy of Basic Sciences, as an exhibit under the number E-R +08-00058.
Museum experts dated the ring 8 — 9th centuries AD, that is, the period before the so-called Christianity in Russia.
Ring made of copper by casting and subsequent machining.
The image applied to the surface of the shield ring, indicating the development of knowledge of astronomy among the Slavs Rus. Moreover, these astronomical knowledge by the 8th century were systematized and standardized, allowing rusam isolate individual in the sky constellations, the outlines of which have been generally accepted, and to transfer their images on household items, jewelry, etc.
On the surface of the shield shown in Figure ring mechanically holds the image of a star cluster Pleiades. This cluster consists of 6 — 9-bright stars.  From the earliest times to the Slavs Rus it is a cult. Slavs in the Pleiades are associated with Halls Slavic goddess of fate Mokos — Cosmic tree  (7 points of the letter "M" — 6 extreme points of the three lines, intersecting at the seventh point), and on the face of the Earth — Moscow ("7 — E hills ") [see 3, Ch. VI, § 220.127.116.11.2.].
Such images are known on the Russian Plain, starting from the Paleolithic period (30 — 10 thousand years ago). Some of these images are shown in Figure 2.
Images of the Pleiades constellation on subjects relating to the Paleolithic: 1, 5, 6 and 7 — on the rocks, 3, 4 — on vessels. In color insets — picture of the Pleiades and song thrush nest, where yellow chicks mouths and surprisingly reminiscent of the stars of the Pleiades, and their location. The B & W Box — the names of the individual stars of the Pleiades [3, Fig. 18.104.22.168.1.4.].
This image is made up of 8 stars. According to Slavic mythology, has come down to us, for example, in the traditions of pre-Greek Greece (see [3, Ch. IV, Section 22.214.171.124.]), The Pleiades — the seven sisters of Atlanta (see [3, Ch. III, n . 126.96.36.199.]) and Pleione (eighth star belongs to someone of them, probably, the mother).
Stars on the ring depicts the traditional Russian way — in the form of circles with marked centers. A similar version of the image presented to the Slavic crescent, an exhibit of the same, as this ring, time — the 8th century (E-F +08-00050). Or in Slavonic amulet "hatchet" (10.) — E-R +10-00052. 
So, can draw the following conclusions:
Ancient Rus 8th century AD had quite comprehensible understanding of astronomy, in particular, knew the outlines of the constellations and star clusters.
Astronomical knowledge of ancient Rus had vernacular value: in particular, the images of some of the constellations were applied to everyday objects and jewelry. Apparently, with a sacred purpose.
The fact that the astronomical knowledge of ancient Rus in part provided by us are the same, with the same knowledge of the current level, suggests that the ancient Rus had correct knowledge about the night sky. And, furthermore, that modern astronomical knowledge in terms of determining the boundaries of the constellations have inherited some old Russian astronomical teaching.
Pleiades (star cluster) / / The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 30 tons, 1969 — 1978.
Tyunyaev AA Book of Ra. 2007.
Tyunyaev AA The history of world civilization. — M., 2006 — 2007.
Museum of the ancient civilization of the Academy of Basic Sciences, 2008.